Searching over 5,500,000 cases.

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Zeke Darrin v. Michael J. Astrue

January 10, 2013


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Patrick J. Walsh United States Magistrate Judge



Before the Court is Plaintiff's appeal of a decision by Defendant Social Security Administration ("the Agency"), denying his application for Disability Insurance benefits ("DIB"). He claims that the Administrative Law Judge ("ALJ") erred by failing to consider his father's submission. For the following reasons, the Court concludes that, though the ALJ erred in addressing the father's "testimony," the error was harmless and the decision is affirmed.*fn1


In October 2009, Plaintiff applied for DIB, alleging that he was unable to work due to spinal stenosis and other back and neck problems, heart disease, a brain cyst, depression, anxiety, panic attacks, and oral health problems. (AR 154.) The Agency denied the application initially and on reconsideration. (AR 60-67, 70-74.) Plaintiff then requested and was granted a hearing before an ALJ. (AR 76, 90-95.) On June 9, 2011, he appeared with counsel for the hearing. (AR 31-59.) On September 20, 2011, the ALJ issued a decision denying benefits. (AR 17-27.) Plaintiff appealed to the Appeals Council, which denied review. (AR 1-5, 124.) This action followed.


Plaintiff contends that the ALJ erred by failing to discuss a report that his father prepared and submitted, which contained the father's observations of Plaintiff and his condition. (Joint Stip. at 3-6.) Plaintiff argues that the ALJ's failure to address this testimony requires reversal. (Joint Stip. at 3-6.) For the following reasons, the Court disagrees.

An ALJ's failure to consider lay witness testimony concerning a claimant's ability to work is error. Stout v. Comm'r, Soc. Sec. Admin., 454 F.3d 1050, 1053 (9th Cir. 2006); Smolen v. Chater, 80 F.3d 1273, 1288 (9th Cir. 1996); 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1513(d)(4),(e). The error is harmless, however, if the Court can "confidently conclude that no reasonable ALJ, when fully crediting the testimony," would have found the claimant to be disabled. Molina v. Astrue, 674 F.3d 1104, 1116 (9th Cir. 2012) (quoting Stout, 454 F.3d at 1056).

Plaintiff's father filled out a function report in which he noted that Plaintiff could not undertake "strenuous activity," was unable to get restful sleep, and had difficulty lifting things due to his condition. (AR 176, 180.) He also reported that Plaintiff's neck pain left him short-tempered and depressed. (AR 180, 182.) On the same form, however, he noted that Plaintiff could bathe and dress himself, prepare his own food, go outside on a daily basis, do chores and small household repairs, drive a car, ride a motorbike, go shopping, take care of his finances, spend time with others, follow instructions, and get along with authority figures. (AR 175, 177-81.)

The ALJ ultimately determined that Plaintiff would be able to perform light work, i.e., he could lift 20 pounds occasionally and ten pounds frequently, stand for up to six hours in an eight-hour workday, and occasionally lift overhead, but could not perform work requiring power gripping, holding his head in a fixed position, or using ladders. (AR 24.) There is nothing in the father's testimony that contradicts this finding. Thus, the Court is confident that no reasonable ALJ would have found Plaintiff disabled had he or she considered the father's testimony and, therefore, the ALJ's failure to discuss it was harmless. See Molina, 674 F.3d at 1116.

Furthermore, the ALJ rejected Plaintiff's testimony that his severe pain and other infirmities had precluded him from working since 2005, because, among other things, he went back to work driving a truck in 2008 and was able to ride a motorcycle and repair a roof in 2010 and 2011. (AR 24-25.) Because the father's testimony did not add any limitations beyond what Plaintiff was claiming and because the reasons the ALJ rejected Plaintiff's testimony apply equally to the father's testimony, any error on the ALJ's part in failing to explain why he was also rejecting the father's testimony was harmless. Molina, 674 F.3d at 1122 (holding ALJ's failure to address family members' testimony was harmless because family members had not alleged any limitations not alleged by claimant, ALJ properly rejected claimant's testimony, and reasons for rejecting claimant's testimony were valid reasons for rejecting family members' testimony).*fn2


For these reasons, the Agency's decision is affirmed and the action is ...

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.