UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
January 22, 2013
LARRY GIRALDES, JR., PLAINTIFF,
D. HICINBOTHOM, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Sheila K. Oberto United States Magistrate Judge
ORDER DENYING MOTION TO ENFORCE SETTLEMENT AGREEMENT FOR LACK OF JURISDICTION, AND DENYING MOTION FOR PHOTO OR VIDEO EVIDENCE AS MOOT (Docs. 44 and 52)
Plaintiff Larry Giraldes, Jr., a state prisoner proceeding pro se and
in forma pauperis, filed this civil rights action pursuant to 42
U.S.C. § 1983 on January 28, 2009. A settlement conference was held in
this matter on August 12, 2010, before United States Magistrate Judge
Nandor J. Vadas. A settlement agreement was reached; the parties filed
a stipulation for voluntary dismissal, with prejudice, on August 13,
2010; and the case was dismissed on September 8, 2010.*fn1
Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(a)(1)(A)(ii).
On October 18, 2012, Plaintiff filed a motion seeking enforcement of the settlement agreement. After obtaining an extension of time, the Attorney General's Office, making a special appearance and without conceding the Court has jurisdiction, filed an opposition on November 28, 2012. Plaintiff filed a reply on December 10, 2012.
Federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction; they possess only that power authorized by Constitution and statute. Kokkonen v. Guardian Life Ins. Co., 511 U.S. 375, 378, 114 S.Ct. 1673 (1994) (quotation marks and citations omitted). The enforcement of a settlement agreement is more than just a continuation or renewal of the dismissed suit and it requires its own basis for jurisdiction. Kokkonen, 511 U.S. at 378 (quotation marks omitted). A court may retain jurisdiction to enforce a settlement agreement, but that retention must be express. Kokkonen, 511 U.S. at 378; Ortolf v. Silver Bar Mines, Inc., 111 F.3d 85, 87-88 (9th Cir. 1997); Hagestad v. Tragesser, 49 F.3d 1430, 1433 (9th Cir. 1995).
In this case, the parties signed and filed a stipulation for voluntary dismissal with prejudice, pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(a)(1)(A)(ii). Upon receipt of the stipulation, the Court issued a separate order dismissing the action with prejudice pursuant to Rule 41(a)(1)(A)(ii).
Rule 41(a)(1)(A)(ii) does not provide for jurisdiction of the court over disputes arising out of an agreement that produces the stipulation, and neither the stipulation nor the dismissal order expressly retained jurisdiction.*fn2 Kokkonen, 511 U.S. at 378; Ortolf, 111 F.3d at 87-88; Hagestad, 49 F.3d at 1433. Judge Vadas' intent to retain jurisdiction for one year is evidenced by the settlement agreement itself, which Plaintiff provided with his motion, but the agreement was not incorporated into the stipulation or the dismissal order.*fn3 Hagestad, 49 F.3d at 1433.
However, even if that intent had been expressed in the parties' stipulation and in the dismissal order, jurisdiction would have been retained for only one year. Plaintiff's motion for enforcement was brought more than two years later -- well after the expiration of the one year deadline.
Based on the foregoing, the Court lacks jurisdiction to enforce the settlement agreement and Plaintiff's motion must be denied, with prejudice. To the extent that Plaintiff believes his current conditions of confinement violate his federal rights, he is not precluded from seeking redress in a new suit. Plaintiff is also not precluded from pursuing relief via a separate breach of contract action in state court. However, enforcement of the 2010 settlement agreement is not relief available in this action and the case shall remain closed.
Accordingly, based on the foregoing, it is HEREBY ORDERED that
1. Plaintiff's motion for enforcement of the settlement agreement, filed on October 18, 2012, is DENIED, with prejudice; and
2. Plaintiff's motion for an order directing the production of photo or video evidence to the Court, filed on December 10, 2012, is DENIED as moot.
IT IS SO ORDERED.