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Relmon H. Davis Iii v. Mrs. Gibson

January 23, 2013


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hon. David O. Carter United States District Judge


[28 U.S.C. § 636; General Order 05-07]


On December 26, 2012, petitioner Relmon H. Davis III ("Petitioner"), a California prisoner proceeding pro se, filed a Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus ("Petition") challenging his 2008 state court conviction. (Pet. at 2.)*fn1 However, because Petitioner currently has a pending state habeas petition, which could result in the reversal of Petitioner's conviction or otherwise moot the federal question, the Petition must be dismissed without prejudice.*fn2


On October 29, 2008, Petitioner was convicted for assault with a deadly weapon and forcible oral copulation. (Pet. at 2); see also People v. Davis, 2009 WL 4981277, at *1 (Cal. App. Dec. 23, 2009). On December 23, 2009, the California Court of Appeal affirmed the conviction. (Id. at 2-3.) Petitioner then filed a Petition for Review in the California Supreme Court, which was denied on March 10, 2010. (Id. at 3.)

Since 2010, Petitioner has filed several habeas petitions in the California courts, including six petitions in the California Supreme Court. (Pet. at 3-6, 192-230.) One of those petitions was filed on January 11, 2013, and remains pending. See, Case Information, Case No. S207975.*fn3


Before a state prisoner challenges his state conviction via a federal habeas petition, he must first exhaust his federal grounds for relief in state court. 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b); see also Duncan v. Henry, 513 U.S. 364, 365 (1995) (per curiam). To satisfy this requirement, a petitioner must "fairly present" his federal claims to the state courts, "to give the State the opportunity to pass upon and correct alleged violations of its prisoners' federal rights." Duncan, 513 U.S. at 365(quotation marks and citation omitted). "To provide the State with the necessary 'opportunity,' the prisoner must 'fairly present' his claim in each appropriate state court (including a state supreme court with powers of discretionary review), thereby alerting that court to the federal nature of the claim." Baldwin v. Reese, 541 U.S. 27, 29 (2004) (citation omitted).

Consequently, when a federal habeas claim is still pending before a state court, a federal habeas petitioner has not met the exhaustion requirement because he has not given the state court the first opportunity to address the federal claim. See Duncan, 513 U.S. at 365. Furthermore, "[i]f the prisoner's claim is meritorious, and if the state remedy is prompt and complete, there is no need to bring post-conviction proceedings in federal courts." Sherwood v. Tomkins, 716 F.2d 632, 633 (9th Cir. 1983) (quotation marks and citation omitted).

Thus, "[w]hen ... an appeal of a state criminal conviction is pending, a would-be habeas corpus petitioner must await the outcome of his appeal before his state remedies are exhausted, even where the issue to be challenged ... has been finally settled in the state courts." Sherwood, 716 F.2d at 634; see also Schnepp v. Oregon, 333 F.2d 288, 288 (9th Cir. 1964) (state remedies not exhausted where a state post-conviction proceeding is pending). As the Ninth Circuit cogently explained, "even if the federal constitutional question raised by the habeas corpus petitioner cannot be resolved in a pending state appeal, that appeal may result in the reversal of the petitioner's conviction on some other ground, thereby mooting the federal question." Sherwood, 716 F.2d at 634 (emphasis added) (citing Davidson v. Klinger, 411 F.2d 746, 747 (9th Cir. 1969)).

Here, Petitioner is currently awaiting adjudication on his habeas petition to the California Supreme Court. See, Case Information, Case No. S207975. Since Petitioner retains a pending state action which may moot or otherwise affect his alleged constitutional claims before this Court, he must await the outcome of that action before presenting his claims in federal court. The State courts must be afforded the opportunity to remedy any alleged constitutional violations in the first instance. Sherwood, 716 F.2d at 634; see, e.g., Valenzuela v. Busby, 2011 WL 6780848, at *2-3 (C.D. Cal. Dec. 27, 2011); Garcia v. Stainer, 2011 WL 7095490, at *3 (C.D. Cal. Dec. 12, 2011), report and recommendation adopted by 2012 WL 234633 (C.D. Cal. Jan. 23, 2012); Comminey v. Gonzalez, 2011 WL 3323689, at *1-2 (C.D. Cal. July 29, 2011); Lee v. Vaques, 2010 WL 2330205, at *1-2 (C.D. Cal. June 7, 2010).

Petitioner is advised that this dismissal is without prejudice. If Petitioner still desires federal habeas relief following the California Supreme Court's adjudication of his habeas petition, he may file a federal habeas petition with this Court. Petitioner is further advised that there is a one-year statute of limitations on habeas claims by a petitioner in state custody, which ordinarily begins to run at the end of the period in which that petitioner can seek direct review. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1); see also Bowen v. Roe, 188 F.3d 1157, 1159 (9th Cir. 1999) (for purposes of determining when judgment is final under § 2244(d)(1), period of direct review includes "the ninety-day period within which [the petitioner] could have filed a petition for a writ of certiorari from the United States Supreme Court"). The limitations period is tolled while a "properly filed" application for state post-conviction or other collateral review with ...

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