The opinion of the court was delivered by: The Honorable Dolly M. Gee, United States District Judge
Present: The Honorable DOLLY M. GEE, UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
VALENCIA VALLERY NOT REPORTED Deputy Clerk Court Reporter Attorneys Present for Plaintiff(s) Attorneys Present for Defendant(s) None Present None Present
Proceedings: IN CHAMBERS-ORDER REMANDING ACTION TO LOS ANGELES
On June 28, 2012, Plaintiff RAC Development, Inc. filed a Complaint in Los Angeles County Superior Court for unlawful detainer against Defendant Jose Danilo [Doc. # 1]. The Complaint alleges that Plaintiff acquired title to the property where Defendant resides following foreclosure proceedings on or about June 12, 2012. (Compl. ¶ 5.) On June 20, 2012, Plaintiff caused to be served on Defendant Danilo a three-day notice to quit, but Defendant has failed to deliver possession of the property to date. (Id. at ¶¶ 6-8.)
Defendant Danilo filed a Notice of Removal on January 18, 2013 pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1443 arguing that the unlawful detainer action was carried out in violation of due process and equal protection [Doc. #1]. The Complaint, however, raises no federal question. Federal jurisdiction cannot rest upon an actual or anticipated defense or counterclaim. Vaden v. Discover Bank, 556 U.S. 49, 60, 129 S. Ct. 1262, 173 L. Ed. 2d 206 (2009). Moreover, removal is improper on the basis of diversity jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a), as both parties appear to be citizens of California. (Compl. ¶¶ 1-2.) Additionally, it appears that removal was untimely because Defendant Danilo waited more than 30 days to file the Notice of Removal. See 28 U.S.C. § 1446(b).
"The burden of establishing federal subject matter jurisdiction falls on the party invoking removal." Marin Gen. Hosp. v. Modesto & Empire Traction Co., 581 F.3d 941, 944 (9th Cir. 2009) (citing Toumajian v. Frailey, 135 F.3d 648, 652 (9th Cir. 1998)). There is a "strong presumption against removal jurisdiction," and courts must reject it "if there is any doubt as to the right of removal in the first instance." Geographic Expeditions, Inc. v. Estate of Lhotka ex rel. Lhotka, 599 F.3d 1102, 1107 (9th Cir. 2010) (quoting Gaus v. Miles, Inc., 980 F.2d 564, 566 (9th Cir. 1992) (per curiam)) (internal quotation marks omitted).
Because Defendant Danilo has not established a basis for removal jurisdiction on the face of the Notice of Removal, this action is hereby REMANDED to Los Angeles County Superior Court.
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