UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
February 1, 2013
TROY M. LINDELL, ON BEHALF OF HIMSELF AND ALL OTHERS SIMILARLY SITUATED, PLAINTIFFS,
SYNTHES USA, SYNTHES USA SALES LLC, SYNTHES SPINE COMPANY, LP,
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Barbara A. McAuliffe United States Magistrate Judge
STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER (Assigned to Hon. Barbara A. McAuliffe Courtroom 8)
Pursuant to Local Rule 141.1 of the Civil Local Rules of Practice for the United States District Court, Eastern District of California, the parties hereby stipulate to the following:
1. PURPOSES AND LIMITATIONS
Disclosure and discovery activity in this action are likely to involve production of confidential, trade secret, proprietary, or private information of plaintiff Troy Lindell ("Plaintiff") 6 and defendants Synthes USA, Synthes USA Sales LLC, Synthes Spine Company, LP, and their 7 parents, subsidiaries, affiliates, succors and assigns (collectively "Synthes"), for which special 8 protection from public disclosure and from use for any purpose other than prosecuting this litigation 9 may be warranted. Accordingly, the parties hereby stipulate to and petition the court to enter the following Stipulated Protective Order. The parties acknowledge that this Order does not confer blanket protections on all disclosures or responses to discovery and that the protection it affords from public disclosure and use extends only to the limited information or items that are entitled to confidential treatment under the applicable legal principles. The parties further acknowledge, as set forth in Section 12.3, below, that this Stipulated Protective Order does not entitle them to file confidential information under seal; Local Rule 141 sets forth the procedures that must be followed and the standards that will be applied when a party seeks permission from the court to file material under seal.
2.1 Challenging Party: a Party or Non-Party that challenges the designation of information or items under this Order.
2.2 "CONFIDENTIAL" Information or Items: information (regardless of how it is generated, stored or maintained) or tangible things, documents, portions of documents, answers to interrogatories, responses to requests for admissions, trial testimony, deposition testimony, and transcripts of trial testimony and depositions, including data, summaries, and compilations derived therefrom that contain any of the following categories of information: (1) Synthes' proprietary and trade secret information, including, but not limited to (i) customer preferences and customer usage history; (ii) prices, renewal dates and other detailed terms of customer and supplier contracts and proposals; (iii) pricing policies, methods of delivering services and products, and marketing and sales strategies; (iv) forecasts, budgets and other non-public financial information; (v) product 2 performance information, product technical information, product know-how, product technology and 3 product development strategies, inventions (whether or not reduced to practice), discoveries, 4 methodologies, algorithms, formulas, protocols, reports, data, results, observations, computer 5 programs, patent applications, strategic plans, hypotheses, research directions, developments, 6 improvements, drawings, designs, specifications, opinions of legal counsel, and draft or final 7 regulatory filings; (vi) sales and commission policies; and (vii) expansion plans, management 8 policies and other business strategies and policies; and (2) any sensitive personal information of Plaintiff or any putative class member that may allow for the identification or misuse of Plaintiff's or any putative class member's personal information, including, but not limited to social security numbers, payroll information and records, and personnel files.
Protection of information in category (1) above is required because this information is not available to the general public, Synthes is in a highly competitive industry, and disclosure of such information may place Synthes at a competitive disadvantage and/or subject Synthes to irreparable harm. Protection of information in category (2) above is required to protect the financial security of Plaintiff and putative class members and because the disclosure of such information may impair Plaintiff's and putative class members' privacy rights.
The parties agree that the Confidential Information or Items should be protected by a Court order rather than by a private agreement because the entry of a protective order would authorize the exercise of the Court's contempt power over any potential violations of the protective order. Further, a private agreement between the parties would not serve to fully protect the confidential nature of the information from unwarranted disclosure, would not be as strong of a deterrent against such disclosure, and would not provide sufficient remedies in the event of disclosure.
2.3 Counsel (without qualifier): Outside Counsel of Record and House Counsel (as well as their support staff).
2.4 Designating Party: a Party or Non-Party that designates information or items that it produces in disclosures or in responses to discovery as "CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY."
2.5 Disclosure or Discovery Material: all items or information,
regardless of the medium
or manner in which it is generated, stored, or maintained
(including, among other things, testimony, 3 transcripts, and tangible
things), that are produced or generated in disclosures or responses to
4 discovery in this matter. 5
2.6 Expert: a person with specialized knowledge or experience in a matter pertinent to the litigation who (1) has been retained by a Party or its counsel to serve as an expert witness or as a 7 consultant in this action, (2) is not a past or current employee of a Party or of a Party's competitor, 8 and (3) at the time of retention, is not anticipated to become an employee of a Party or of a Party's 9 competitor.
2.7 "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" Information or Items: extremely sensitive "Confidential Information or Items," disclosure of which to another Party or Non-Party would create a substantial risk of serious harm that could not be avoided by less restrictive means.
2.8 House Counsel: attorneys who are employees of a Party to this action. House Counsel does not include Outside Counsel of Record or any other outside counsel.
2.9 Non-Party: any natural person, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity not named as a Party to this action.
2.10 Outside Counsel of Record: attorneys who are not employees of a Party to this action but are retained to represent or advise a party to this action.
2.11 Party: any party to this action, including all of its parents, subsidiaries, affiliates, officers, directors, employees, consultants, retained experts, and Outside Counsel of Record (and their support staffs).
2.12 Producing Party: a Party or Non-Party that produces Disclosure or Discovery Material in this action.
2.13 Professional Vendors: persons or entities that provide litigation support services (e.g., photocopying, videotaping, translating, preparing exhibits or demonstrations, and organizing, storing, or retrieving data in any form or medium) and their employees and subcontractors.
2.14 Protected Material: any Disclosure or Discovery Material that is designated as "CONFIDENTIAL," or as "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY." 3
2.15 Receiving Party: a Party that receives Disclosure or Discovery Material from a Producing Party. 5
The protections conferred by this Stipulation and Order cover not only
Protected Material (as
defined above), but also (1) any information copied or extracted
from Protected Material; (2) all 8 copies, excerpts, summaries, or
compilations of Protected Material; and (3) any testimony, 9
conversations, or presentations by Parties or their Counsel that might
reveal Protected Material. However, the protections conferred by this
Stipulation and Order do not cover the following information: (a) any
information that is in the public domain at the time of disclosure to
a Receiving Party or becomes part of the public domain after its
disclosure to a Receiving Party as a result of publication not
involving a violation of this Order, including becoming part of the
public record through trial or otherwise; and (b) any information
obtained by the Receiving Party after the disclosure from a source who
obtained the information lawfully and under no obligation of
confidentiality to the Designating Party. Any use of Protected
Material at trial shall be governed by a separate agreement or order.
Even after final disposition of this litigation, the confidentiality obligations imposed by this Order shall remain in effect until a Designating Party agrees otherwise in writing or a court order otherwise directs. Final disposition shall be deemed to be the later of (1) dismissal of all claims and defenses in this action, with or without prejudice; and (2) final judgment herein after the completion and exhaustion of all appeals, rehearings, remands, trials, or reviews of this action, including the time limits for filing any motions or applications for extension of time pursuant to applicable law.
5. DESIGNATING PROTECTED MATERIAL
5.1 Exercise of Restraint and Care in Designating Material for Protection. Each Party or Non-Party that designates information or items for protection under this Order must take care to limit any such designation to specific material that qualifies under the appropriate standards. To the extent it is practical to do so, the Designating Party must designate for protection only those parts of 2 material, documents, items, or oral or written communications that qualify -- so that other portions of 3 the material, documents, items, or communications for which protection is not warranted are not 4 swept unjustifiably within the ambit of this Order. 5
Mass, indiscriminate, or routinized designations are prohibited. Designations that are shown to be clearly unjustified or that have been made for an improper purpose (e.g., to unnecessarily 7 encumber or retard the case development process or to impose unnecessary expenses and burdens on 8 other parties) expose the Designating Party to sanctions. 9
5.2 Manner and Timing of Designations. Except as otherwise provided in this Order (see, e.g., second paragraph of section 5.2(a) below), or as otherwise stipulated or ordered, Disclosure or Discovery Material that qualifies for protection under this Order must be clearly so designated before the material is disclosed or produced.
Designation in conformity with this Order requires:
(a) for information in documentary form (e.g., paper or electronic documents, but excluding transcripts of depositions or other pretrial or trial proceedings), that the Producing Party affix the legend "CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" to each page that contains Protected Material. If only a portion or portions of the material on a page qualifies for protection, the Producing Party also must clearly identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate markings in the margins) and must specify, for each portion, the level of protection being asserted.
A Party or Non-Party that makes original documents or materials available for inspection need not designate them for protection until after the inspecting Party has indicated which material it would like copied and produced. During the inspection and before the designation, all of the material made available for inspection shall be deemed "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY." After the inspecting Party has identified the documents it wants copied and produced, the Producing Party must determine which documents, or portions thereof, qualify for protection under this Order. Then, before producing the specified documents, the Producing Party must affix the appropriate legend ("CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY") to each page that contains Protected Material. If only a portion or 2 portions of the material on a page qualifies for protection, the Producing Party also must clearly 3 identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate markings in the margins) and must 4 specify, for each portion, the level of protection being asserted. 5
(b) for testimony given in deposition or in other pretrial or trial proceedings, that the Designating Party identify on the record, before the close of the deposition, hearing, or other 7 proceeding, all protected testimony and specify the level of protection being asserted. When it is 8 impractical to identify separately each portion of testimony that is entitled to protection and it 9 appears that substantial portions of the testimony may qualify for protection, the Designating Party may invoke on the record (before the deposition, hearing, or other proceeding is concluded) a right to have up to 21 days to identify the specific portions of the testimony as to which protection is sought and to specify the level of protection being asserted. Only those portions of the testimony that are appropriately designated for protection within the 21 days shall be covered by the provisions of this Protective Order. Alternatively, a Designating Party may specify, at the deposition or up to 21 days afterwards if that period is properly invoked, that the entire transcript shall be treated as "CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY."
Parties shall give the other parties notice if they reasonably expect a deposition, hearing or other proceeding to include Protected Material so that the other parties can ensure that only authorized individuals who have signed the "Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound" (Exhibit A to stipulation) are present at those proceedings. The use of a document as an exhibit at a deposition shall not in any way affect its designation as "CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY."
Transcripts containing Protected Material shall have an obvious legend on the title page that the transcript contains Protected Material, and the title page shall be followed by a list of all pages (including line numbers as appropriate) that have been designated as Protected Material and the level of protection being asserted by the Designating Party. The Designating Party shall inform the court reporter of these requirements. Any transcript that is prepared before the expiration of a 21-day period for designation shall be treated during that period as if it had been designated "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" in its entirety unless otherwise agreed. After the 2 expiration of that period, the transcript shall be treated only as actually designated. 3
(c) for information produced in some form other than documentary and
for any other tangible
items, that the Producing Party affix in a prominent place on the
exterior of the container or 5 containers in which the information or
item is stored the legend "CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY
CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY." If only a portion or portions
of the information 7 or item warrant protection, the Producing Party,
to the extent practicable, shall identify the protected 8 portion(s)
and specify the level of protection being asserted. 9
5.3 Inadvertent Failures to Designate. If timely corrected, an inadvertent failure to designate qualified information or items does not, standing alone, waive the Designating Party's right to secure protection under this Order for such material. Upon timely correction of a designation, the Receiving Party must make reasonable efforts to assure that the material is treated in accordance with the provisions of this Order.
6. CHALLENGING CONFIDENTIALITY DESIGNATIONS
6.1 Timing of Challenges. Any Party or Non-Party may challenge a designation of confidentiality at any time. Unless a prompt challenge to a Designating Party's confidentiality designation is necessary to avoid foreseeable, substantial unfairness, unnecessary economic burdens, or a significant disruption or delay of the litigation, a Party does not waive its right to challenge a confidentiality designation by electing not to mount a challenge promptly after the original designation is disclosed.
6.2 Meet and Confer. The Challenging Party shall initiate the dispute resolution process by providing written notice of each designation it is challenging and describing the basis for each challenge. To avoid ambiguity as to whether a challenge has been made, the written notice must recite that the challenge to confidentiality is being made in accordance with this specific paragraph of the Protective Order. The parties shall attempt to resolve each challenge in good faith and must begin the process by conferring directly (in voice to voice dialogue; other forms of communication are not sufficient) within 14 days of the date of service of notice. In conferring, the Challenging Party must explain the basis for its belief that the confidentiality designation was not proper and must give the Designating Party an opportunity to review the designated material, to reconsider the 2 circumstances, and, if no change in designation is offered, to explain the basis for the chosen 3 designation. A Challenging Party may proceed to the next stage of the challenge process only if it 4 has engaged in this meet and confer process first or establishes that the Designating Party is 5 unwilling to participate in the meet and confer process in a timely manner. 6
6.3 Judicial Intervention. If the Parties cannot resolve a challenge
intervention, the Designating Party shall file and serve a motion to
retain confidentiality under Civil
Local Rule 230 and in compliance with Civil Local Rule 141.1. Each
such motion must be 9 accompanied by a competent declaration affirming
that the movant has complied with the meet and confer requirements
imposed in the preceding paragraph and that sets forth with
specificity the justification for the confidentiality designation that
was given by the Designating Party in the meet and confer dialogue.
The burden of persuasion in any such challenge proceeding shall be on the Designating Party. Frivolous challenges and those made for an improper purpose (e.g., to harass or impose unnecessary expenses and burdens on other parties) may expose the Challenging Party to sanctions. Unless the Designating Party has waived the confidentiality designation by failing to file a motion to retain confidentiality as described above, all parties shall continue to afford the material in question the level of protection to which it is entitled under the Producing Party's designation until the court rules on the challenge.
7. ACCESS TO AND USE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL
7.1 Basic Principles. A Receiving Party may use Protected Material that is disclosed or produced by another Party or by a Non-Party in connection with this case only for prosecuting, defending, or attempting to settle this litigation. Such Protected Material may be disclosed only to the categories of persons and under the conditions described in this Order. When the litigation has been terminated, a Receiving Party must comply with the provisions of section 13 below (FINAL DISPOSITION).
Protected Material must be stored and maintained by a Receiving Party at a location and in a secure manner that ensures that access is limited to the persons authorized under this Order.
7.2 Disclosure of "CONFIDENTIAL" Information or Items. Unless
otherwise ordered by
the court or permitted in writing by the Designating Party, a
Receiving Party may disclose any 3 information or item designated
"CONFIDENTIAL" only to:
(a) the Receiving Party's Outside Counsel of Record in this action,
as well as employees of
said Outside Counsel of Record to whom it is reasonably necessary to
disclose the information for 6 this litigation and who have signed the
"Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound" that is 7 attached to the
stipulation as Exhibit A;
(b) the officers, directors, and employees (including House Counsel)
of the Receiving Party
to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this litigation and
who have signed the "Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound"
(c) Experts (as defined in this Order) of the Receiving Party to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this litigation and who have signed the "Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound" (Exhibit A);
(d) the court and its personnel;
(e) court reporters and their staff, professional jury or trial consultants, and Professional Vendors to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this litigation and who have signed the "Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound" (Exhibit A);
(f) during their depositions, witnesses in the action to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary and who have signed the "Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound" (Exhibit A), unless otherwise agreed by the Designating Party or ordered by the court. Pages of transcribed deposition testimony or exhibits to depositions that reveal Protected Material must be separately bound by the court reporter and may not be disclosed to anyone except as permitted under this Protective Order.
(g) the author of the document containing the information or the original source of the information.
7.3 Disclosure of "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" Information or Items. Unless otherwise ordered by the court or permitted in writing by the Designating Party, a Receiving Party may disclose any information or item designated "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" only to: 3
(a) the Receiving Party's Outside Counsel of Record in this action,
as well as employees of
said Outside Counsel of Record to whom it is reasonably necessary to
disclose the information for 5 this litigation 6
(b) Experts of the Receiving Party (1) to whom disclosure is
reasonably necessary for this
litigation, and(2) who have signed the "Acknowledgment and Agreement
to Be Bound"; 8
(c) the court and its personnel;
(d) court reporters and their staff, professional jury or trial consultants, and Professional Vendors to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this litigation and who have signed the "Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound" (Exhibit A); and
(e) the author of the document containing the information or the original source of the information.
(f) during their depositions, witnesses to the action to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary, who are employed in management level positions by the Designating Party, and who have signed the "Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound" (Exhibit A), unless otherwise agreed by the Designating Party or ordered by the court. Pages of transcribed deposition testimony or exhibits to depositions that reveal Protected Material must be separately bound by the court reporter and may not be disclosed to anyone except as permitted under this Protective Order.
8. PROTECTED MATERIAL SUBPOENAED OR ORDERED PRODUCED IN OTHER LITIGATION
If a Party is served with a subpoena or a court order issued in other litigation that compels disclosure of any information or items designated in this action as "CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" that Party must:
(a) promptly notify in writing the Designating Party. Such notification shall include a copy of the subpoena or court order;
(b) promptly notify in writing the party who caused the subpoena or
order to issue in the
other litigation that some or all of the material covered by the
subpoena or order is subject to this
Protective Order. Such notification shall include a copy of this
Stipulated Protective Order; and 4
(c) cooperate with respect to all reasonable procedures sought to be pursued by the Designating Party whose Protected Material may be affected. 6
If the Designating Party timely seeks a protective order, the Party served with the subpoena 7 or court order shall not produce any information designated in this action as "CONFIDENTIAL" or 8 "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY" before a determination by the court 9 from which the subpoena or order issued, unless the Party has obtained the Designating Party's permission. The Designating Party shall bear the burden and expense of seeking protection in that court of its confidential material -- and nothing in these provisions should be construed as authorizing or encouraging a Receiving Party in this action to disobey a lawful directive from another court.
9. A NON-PARTY'S PROTECTED MATERIAL SOUGHT TO BE PRODUCED IN THIS LITIGATION
(a) The terms of this Order are applicable to information produced by a Non-Party in this action and designated as "CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY." Such information produced by Non-Parties in connection with this litigation is protected by the remedies and relief provided by this Order. Nothing in these provisions should be construed as prohibiting a Non-Party from seeking additional protections.
(b) In the event that a Party is required, by a valid discovery request, to produce a NonParty's confidential information in its possession, and the Party is subject to an agreement with the Non-Party not to produce the Non-Party's confidential information, then the Party shall:
1. promptly notify in writing the Requesting Party and the Non-Party that some or all of the information requested is subject to a confidentiality agreement with a Non-Party;
2. promptly provide the Non-Party with a copy of the Stipulated Protective Order in this litigation, the relevant discovery request(s), and a reasonably specific description of the information requested; and
3. make the information requested available for inspection by the Non-Party.
(c) If the Non-Party fails to object or seek a protective order from this court within 3 days of receiving the notice and accompanying information, the Receiving Party may produce the 4 Non-Party's confidential information responsive to the discovery request. If the Non-Party timely 5 seeks a protective order, the Receiving Party shall not produce any information in its possession or 6 control that is subject to the confidentiality agreement with the Non-Party before a determination by 7 the court. Absent a court order to the contrary, the Non-Party shall bear the burden and expense of 8 seeking protection in this court of its Protected Material. 9
10. UNAUTHORIZED DISCLOSURE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL
If a Receiving Party learns that, by inadvertence or otherwise, it has disclosed Protected Material to any person or in any circumstance not authorized under this Stipulated Protective Order, the Receiving Party must immediately (a) notify in writing the Designating Party of the unauthorized disclosures, (b) use its best efforts to retrieve all unauthorized copies of the Protected Material, (c) inform the person or persons to whom unauthorized disclosures were made of all the terms of this Order, and (d) request such person or persons to execute the "Acknowledgment and Agreement to Be Bound" that is attached to the stipulation as Exhibit A.
11. INADVERTENT PRODUCTION OF PRIVILEGED OR OTHERWISE PROTECTED MATERIAL
When a Producing Party gives notice to Receiving Parties that certain inadvertently produced material is subject to a claim of privilege or other protection, the obligations of the Receiving Parties are those set forth in Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(b)(5)(B). This provision is not intended to modify whatever procedure may be established in an e-discovery order that provides for production without prior privilege review. Pursuant to Federal Rule of Evidence 502(d) and (e), insofar as the parties reach an agreement on the effect of disclosure of a communication or information covered by the attorney-client privilege or work product protection, the parties may incorporate their agreement in the stipulated protective order submitted to the court.
12.1 Right to Further Relief. Nothing in this Order abridges the
right of the Court to
modify this Order at any time or the right of any person to seek its
modification by the court in the 3 future. 4
12.2 Right to Assert Other Objections. By stipulating to the entry of
this Protective Order
no Party waives any right it otherwise would have to object to
disclosing or producing any 6 information or item on any ground not
addressed in this Stipulated Protective Order. Similarly, no 7
Party waives any right to object on any ground to use in evidence of any of the material covered by 8 this Protective Order. 9
12.3 Filing Protected Material. Without written permission from the Designating Party or a court order secured after appropriate notice to all interested persons, a Party may not file in the public record in this action any Protected Material. A Party that seeks to file under seal any Protected Material must comply with Civil Local Rule 141. Protected Material may only be filed under seal pursuant to a court order authorizing the sealing of the specific Protected Material at issue. Pursuant to Civil Local Rule 141, a sealing order will issue only upon a request establishing that the Protected Material at issue is privileged, protectable as a trade secret, or otherwise entitled to protection under the law.
13. FINAL DISPOSITION
Within 60 days after the final disposition of this action, as defined in paragraph 4, each Receiving Party must return all Protected Material to the Producing Party or destroy such material, at the Designating Party's option. As used in this subdivision, "all Protected Material" includes all copies, abstracts, compilations, summaries, and any other format reproducing or capturing any of the Protected Material. Whether the Protected Material is returned or destroyed, the Receiving Party must submit a written certification to the Producing Party (and, if not the same person or entity, to the Designating Party) by the 60-day deadline that (1) identifies (by category, where appropriate) all the Protected Material that was returned or destroyed and (2) affirms that the Receiving Party has not retained any copies, abstracts, compilations, summaries or any other format reproducing or capturing any of the Protected Material. Notwithstanding this provision, Counsel are entitled to retain an archival copy of all pleadings, motion papers, trial, deposition, and hearing transcripts, legal memoranda, correspondence, deposition and trial exhibits, expert reports, attorney work product, and 2 consultant and expert work product, even if such materials contain Protected Material. Any such 3 archival copies that contain or constitute Protected Material remain subject to this Protective Order 4 as set forth in Section 4 (DURATION). 5
IT IS SO STIPULATED, THROUGH COUNSEL OF RECORD.
DATED: January 29, 2013 LEWIS, FEINBERG, LEE, RENAKER & JACKSON, P.C. By: /s/ Catha Worthman Catha Worthman Attorneys for Plaintiff TROY M. LINDELL and the Proposed Class
IT IS SO ORDERED.
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