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Bosanek Enterprises v. Revelyn Catlin

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA


February 4, 2013

BOSANEK ENTERPRISES, PLAINTIFF,
v.
REVELYN CATLIN,
DEFENDANT.

FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

By Notice of Removal filed January 30, 2013, this unlawful detainer action was removed from the Yuba County Superior Court by defendant Revelyn Catlin who is proceeding pro se. Accordingly, the matter has been referred to the undersigned for all purposes encompassed by Local Rule 302(c)(21).

It is well established that the statutes governing removal jurisdiction must be "strictly construed against removal." Libhart v. Santa Monica Dairy Co., 592 F.2d 1062, 1064 (9th Cir. 1979) (citing Shamrock Oil & Gas Corp. v. Sheets, 313 U.S. 100, 108 (1941)). See also Syngenta Crop Prot., Inc. v. Henson, 537 U.S. 28, 32 (2002); Provincial Gov't of Martinduque v. Placer Dome, Inc., 582 F.3d 1083, 1087 (9th Cir. 2009). "Federal jurisdiction must be rejected if there is any doubt as to the right of removal in the first instance." Gaus v. Miles, Inc., 980 F.2d 564, 566 (9th Cir. 1992). "'The burden of establishing federal jurisdiction falls on the party invoking removal.'" Harris v. Provident Life & Accident Ins. Co., 26 F.3d 930, 932 (9th Cir. 1994) (quoting Gould v. Mut. Life Ins. Co., 790 F.2d 769, 771 (9th Cir.1986)). See also Provincial Gov't of Martinduque, 582 F.3d at 1087. Moreover, "the existence of federal jurisdiction depends solely on the plaintiff's claims for relief and not on anticipated defenses to those claims." ARCO Envtl. Remediation, LLC v. Dep't of Health & Envtl. Quality, 213 F.3d 1108, 1113 (9th Cir. 2000). Where it appears, as it does here, that the district court lacks subject matter jurisdiction over a removed case, "the case shall be remanded." 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c).

In removing this action, defendant alleges that this court has jurisdiction over this action because defendants assert "in their Answer to the Complaint" that they are "protected from eviction" under "Title VII of the Emergency Economic Stabilization" Act. (Notice of Removal (Doc. No. 1) at 2.)

However, as noted above, "the existence of federal jurisdiction depends solely on the plaintiff's claims for relief and not on anticipated defenses to those claims." ARCO Envtl. Remediation, LLC, 213 F.3d at 1113. Moreover, it appears from reading a copy of defendant's answer to plaintiff's complaint that this action is nothing more than a garden-variety unlawful detainer action filed against the former owners of real property located in California, that it is based wholly on California law and that it does not involve an amount in controversy that exceeds $75,000.*fn1 (Id. at 10.) Thus, the undersigned finds that defendant has failed to meet her burden of establishing federal jurisdiction over plaintiff's state court action.

Accordingly, IT IS RECOMMENDED that this action be summarily remanded to the Yuba County Superior Court and that this case be closed.

These findings and recommendations will be submitted to the United States District Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within fourteen days after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written objections with the court and serve a copy on all parties. A document presenting objections should be titled "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." Any reply to objections shall be filed and served within seven days after service of the objections. The parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court's order. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).


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