IN THE COURT OF APPEAL OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA THIRD APPELLATE DISTRICT (Placer)
February 7, 2013
THE PEOPLE, PETITIONER,
THE SUPERIOR COURT OF PLACER COUNTY, RESPONDENT; TIBOR KARSAI, REAL PARTY IN INTEREST.
(Super. Ct. No. SCV19296) ORIGINAL PROCEEDINGS in mandate. James D. Garbolino, Judge.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Robie , J.
CERTIFIED FOR PARTIAL PUBLICATION*fn1
The Sexually Violent Predator Act (SVPA) (Welf. & Inst. Code, § 6600 et seq.)*fn2 provides that, under certain circumstances, a person who has been committed as a sexually violent predator (SVP) can be conditionally released into the community under a program of outpatient supervision and treatment. (See § 6608-6609.3.) In October 2010, the Placer Superior Court determined that the real party in interest in this proceeding, Tibor Karsai, who has been committed as an SVP since 1998, should be conditionally released. A year and one-half later, after an exhaustive but ultimately unsuccessful search for an acceptable residence for Karsai, the superior court ordered that Karsai was to be conditionally released into Santa Barbara County without a fixed residence, i.e., as a transient.
In this mandamus proceeding, the District Attorney for Santa Barbara County (Santa Barbara) seeks a writ of mandate to prevent Karsai's release without a fixed residence, contending "there is no provision [of law] whatsoever that allows an SVP to be released as a transient." Santa Barbara also contends the superior court erred in determining that Santa Barbara County was Karsai's county of domicile immediately before the incarceration that preceded his commitment as an SVP, and Santa Barbara argues that the superior court failed to comply with statutory notice requirements before ordering Karsai's release.
In the published portion of our opinion, we conclude there is nothing in the SVPA that precludes a court from ordering the conditional release of a person committed as an SVP even though no fixed residence has been located for the person before his release. We do not decide whether it was an abuse of discretion to release Karsai under the facts of this case because that question is not before us. Instead, we decide only what we are called upon to decide by Santa Barbara's writ petition, namely, that conditional release as a transient is not prohibited by the SVPA.
Given this conclusion, it bears noting that the provisions of the SVPA, and the conditional release program under the SVPA, have been carefully designed to protect the public regardless of whether a person on conditional release has a fixed residence at the time of release. Under the provisions of the SVPA, a person committed as an SVP can be conditionally released only upon a determination by a court of law that the person will pose no danger to others if under outpatient supervision and treatment in the community. That means that in every case in which conditional release is permitted, it has been determined that the person released into the community will not be a sexually violent predator when provided with proper supervision and treatment. Moreover, whether the person released into the community has a fixed residence, the conditional release program involves "an intensive regimen of treatment and supervision" that includes "at least weekly individual contact, weekly group treatment, [and] weekly drug screening" and that can include "surveillance, polygraph examinations, anti-androgen therapy, Global Positioning System [tracking], increased supervision through random visits and Penal Code [section] 290 . . . community notification." *fn3 Thus, even a transient participating in the conditional release program will be under near constant supervision.
It also bears noting that at any given time the number of persons conditionally released into the community following a commitment as a sexually violent predator is actually quite small. As of July 2011, only 717 persons had been committed as sexually violent predators since the advent of the commitment program in 1996. (Assem. Com. on Appropriations, Analysis of Sen. Bill No. 760 (2011-2012 Reg. Sess.) as amended Aug. 6, 2012.) Of this number, only eight were in the conditional release program as of May 2011. (Cal. State Auditor, Sex Offender Commitment Program (July 2011) p. 9.)
In the unpublished portion of our opinion, we reject Santa Barbara's challenge to the superior court's determination of Karsai's county of domicile, as well as Santa Barbara's notice argument. Accordingly, we will deny Santa Barbara's writ petition and dissolve the stay of the order releasing Karsai as a transient into an outpatient program in Santa Barbara County.
FACTUAL AND PROCEDURAL BACKGROUND
Karsai was committed as an SVP in 1998. In October 2010, the superior court found (pursuant to subdivision (d) of section 6608) that Karsai would not be a danger to the health and safety of others in that it was not likely that he would engage in sexually violent criminal behavior due to his diagnosed mental disorder if under supervision and treatment in the community. Based on this finding, the court ordered Karsai placed with an appropriate forensic conditional release program. (§ 6608, subd. (d).)
Between December 2010 and July 2011, the court reviewed the status of Karsai's proposed placement in the community five times. At some point during that period, prior to the middle of May 2011, the court apparently determined that Santa Barbara County was Karsai's county of domicile.*fn4 On May 17, 2011, the department gave official notice that it was recommending to the court that Karsai be placed at an address in Santa Barbara County (his mother's home). Santa Barbara opposed the proposed placement and moved for reconsideration of the determination of domicile in Santa Barbara County, arguing that the county of domicile was instead San Luis Obispo County. The San Luis Obispo District Attorney appeared and argued that the court's initial determination of domicile in Santa Barbara County was correct.
On July 22, 2011, the court considered the domicile issue again and determined that Santa Barbara County was the proper domicile for purposes of conditionally releasing Karsai.
In September 2011, the court reviewed the status of Karsai's proposed placement once again, ordering that the court be given an update on placement efforts made by Liberty Healthcare (manager of the California Conditional Release Program) and requesting that the parties provide the court with briefing on the issues that could constrain a placement in Karsai's mother's home in Santa Maria. Thereafter, on October 25, 2011, the matter came on for hearing. Liberty reported that its staff had traveled 6,793 miles in a year of searching for a residence for Karsai and had viewed 1,261 properties in Santa Barbara, Ventura, and San Luis Obispo Counties. The only potential residence Liberty had found was Karsai's mother's home in Santa Maria. At the end of that hearing, the court ordered Liberty to place Karsai at that location pending further order of the court and set a hearing for December to hear further comment before issuing a final order.
In an order shortly following the October 2011 hearing, the court determined that Karsai's mother's home was not disqualified as a potential residence for Karsai despite its proximity to a park and an elementary school. In November 2011, however, Liberty informed the court that Karsai's family had withdrawn his mother's home as a placement/residence site because the family had been beset by the local media. Liberty asked the court if it should continue the housing search elsewhere. Following the hearing in December, the court found that extraordinary circumstances existed within the meaning of section 6608.5, subdivision (a), justifying a search for " 'any' " available placement "without being constrained to San Luis Obispo or Santa Barbara County."
In February 2012, Liberty reported that it had now reviewed more than 1,830 sites and had identified two possible locations: an apartment in Sacramento and a small home in Auburn. At a hearing that same month, the People (presumably represented by the Placer County District Attorney's Office) and Karsai both objected to placement at either of those locations. The People objected because of the proximity to one of Karsai's victims, and both sides objected "on the basis that the placements would provide no support structure for Mr. Karsai." Agreeing that it would be "fruitless" to pursue those placements, the court ordered Liberty to check into the option of placing Karsai in a travel trailer on a pad next to the San Luis Obispo Sheriff's Department. A review date was set for March 19, 2012.
A week before the review hearing, Liberty informed the court there were objections to placement in the trailer and that the pad was "not Jessica Law compliant." At the March hearing, the court concluded that "[t]he statutory scheme for placement of persons to be placed on conditional release from [the] SVP program is simply not working." Noting that "the SVP statutory scheme contemplates that the [department] or its designee makes the decision regarding proposed placement options," the court determined that it did not have the authority to "compel the housing of Mr. Karsai at some public institution," "order that the [d]department . . . purchase property that meets the needs of Mr. Karsai for a residence," or "order the State of California to make available suitable housing within vacant or closed state facilities." Because it appeared to the court that "there is no suitable placement available either in Mr. Karsai's county of domicile, or elsewhere," the court ordered that Karsai be "released in Santa Barbara County as a transient." The court also ordered Liberty to "design a program to assist Mr. Karsai to obtain shelter, provide program support, and to return for a placement review" in April. The court ordered Karsai released by April 16 and ordered that local authorities were to be notified of the intended placement.
A week later, on March 27, the department notified authorities in Santa Barbara County of the intended placement of Karsai in the county as a transient. On March 29, 2012, for some unexplained reason, the superior court issued its order releasing Karsai as a transient a second time.
On April 2, 2012, Santa Barbara commenced this proceeding by filing a petition for a writ of mandate in this court, seeking a writ directing the superior court to vacate its order releasing Karsai into Santa Barbara County as a transient. Santa Barbara argued that the superior court had erred in finding Santa Barbara County was Karsai's county of domicile, that there is no statutory authority for a transient release of an SVP, and that the court failed to give proper notice of its intent to release Karsai as a transient in the county.
On April 4, 2012, this court stayed the March 29 order releasing Karsai pending the filing of an opposition and further order of the court. On April 18, following Karsai's filing of his opposition, this court denied Santa Barbara's petition and lifted the stay. On April 20, Santa Barbara filed a petition for review in the Supreme Court. On April 23, the Supreme Court stayed both the March 19 order and the March 29 order to permit consideration of the petition for review. On May 16, the Supreme Court granted the petition and transferred the matter back to this court with directions to vacate the order denying mandate and to issue an order directing the superior court to show cause why the relief sought in the petition for writ of mandate should not be granted. On May 18, 2012, we complied with the Supreme Court's order and continued the Supreme Court's stay in effect pending further order. Karsai subsequently filed a return to the order to show cause, and Santa Barbara filed a traverse.
The SVPA "allows for the involuntary commitment of certain convicted sex offenders, whose diagnosed mental disorders make them likely to reoffend if released at the end of their prison terms." (Cooley v. Superior Court (2002) 29 Cal.4th 228, 235.) By definition, an SVP is "a person who has been convicted of a sexually violent offense against one or more victims and who has a diagnosed mental disorder that makes the person a danger to the health and safety of others in that it is likely that he or she will engage in sexually violent criminal behavior." (§ 6600, subd. (a)(1).) The SVPA "is designed to accomplish the dual goals of protecting the public, by confining [violent] sexual offenders likely to reoffend, and providing treatment to those offenders." (People v. Superior Court (George) (2008) 164 Cal.App.4th 183, 193.) "Those committed pursuant to the SVPA are to be treated 'not as criminals, but as sick persons.' (§ 6250.) They are to receive treatment for their disorders and must be released when they no longer constitute a threat to society." (Ibid.)
"A person may be committed as an SVP only if he or she is 'substantially dangerous without appropriate "treatment and custody." ' " (People v. Superior Court (George), supra, 164 Cal.App.4th at p. 194, italics omitted.) "The SVPA requires that the first year of treatment occur within a confined facility (§ 6608, subd. (c)) but treatment thereafter may be in an outpatient program if conditions can be imposed that adequately protect the community. (§ 6605, subds. (a), (b).)" (George, at p. 195.) If the court determines that an SVP "would not be a danger to others due to his or her diagnosed mental disorder while under supervision and treatment in the community, the court shall order the committed person placed with an appropriate forensic conditional release program operated by the state for one year. A substantial portion of the state-operated forensic conditional release program shall include outpatient supervision and treatment." (§ 6608, subd. (d).)
Once the court has determined that an SVP should be placed in a conditional release program, the community program director must "make the necessary placement arrangements, and within 30 days after receiving notice of the court's finding, the person shall be placed in the community in accordance with the treatment and supervision plan unless good cause for not doing so is presented to the court." (§ 6608, subd. (f).)
An SVP conditionally released for outpatient supervision and treatment "shall be placed in the county of domicile of the person prior to the person's incarceration, unless the court finds that extraordinary circumstances require placement outside the county of domicile." (§ 6608.5, subd. (a).) The county of domicile is "the county where the person has his or her true, fixed, and permanent home and principal residence and to which he or she has manifested the intention of returning whenever he or she is absent. For the purposes of determining the county of domicile, the court may consider information found on a California driver's license, California identification card, recent rent or utility receipt, printed personalized checks or other recent banking documents showing that person's name and address, or information contained in an arrest record, probation officer's report, trial transcript, or other court document. If no information can be identified or verified, the county of domicile of the individual shall be considered to be the county in which the person was arrested for the crime for which he or she was last incarcerated in the state prison or from which he or she was last returned from parole." (Id., subd. (b)(1).) "'[E]xtraordinary circumstances' means circumstances that would inordinately limit the department's ability to effect conditional release of the person in the county of domicile in accordance with Section 6608 or any other provision of this article, and the procedures described in Sections 1605 to 1610, inclusive, of the Penal Code." (§ 6608.5, subd. (c).)
With the foregoing provisions in mind, we turn to the arguments made in this proceeding.
Conditional Release Of An SVP As A Transient
In seeking to overturn the superior court's decision here, Santa Barbara contends "there is no provision whatsoever that allows an SVP to be released as a transient." We acknowledge that the SVPA does not expressly authorize the conditional release of an SVP into an outpatient program without a fixed residential address. At the same time, however, there is nothing in the SVPA that expressly requires an SVP to have a fixed residential address before he or she can be conditionally released.
In some places, the SVPA speaks generally in terms of placing a conditionally released SVP "under supervision and treatment in the community" (§ 6608, subd. (a)) and placing the conditionally released SVP "in the county of . . . domicile . . . prior to the person's incarceration" (except in extraordinary circumstances) (§ 6608.5, subd. (a)). In other places, the SVPA contemplates that the conditional release process will involve a specific residential address. For example, once the county of domicile has been determined, that county is supposed to "designate a county agency or program that will provide assistance and consultation in the process of locating and securing housing within the county for persons committed as sexually violent predators who are about to be conditionally released under Section 6608." (§ 6608.5, subd. (d).) The SVPA also provides that certain conditionally released SVPs "shall not be placed within one-quarter mile of any public or private school providing instruction in kindergarten or any of grades 1 to 12, inclusive." (Id., subd. (f).) Additionally, a notice the department is required to give at certain times in the process must include the "proposed placement address." (§ 6609.1, subd. (a)(5)(A).) Agencies receiving such a notice can comment on the "placement" or "location" of release (among other things), and "a single agency in the community of the specific proposed or recommended placement address may suggest appropriate, alternative locations for placement within that community." (Id., subd. (b).) Based on any agency comments and the department's response to those comments, the court may "approve, modify, or reject the department's recommendation or proposal regarding the community or specific address to which the person is scheduled to be released." (Id., subd. (c).)
Karsai argues that this latter statute, "by use of the conjunctive 'or' between 'community' and 'specific address' thus clearly contemplates that an SVP may be released with a 'specific address', i.e., as a non-transient, or may be released into the 'community', i.e., with no specific address in the community." We disagree that this conclusion can be drawn from this particular statute. When notice is given under section 6609.1 of a "proposed placement address" for an SVP who is to be conditionally released, that proposed placement necessarily involves both the specific address and the community in which that address is located. Subdivision (c) of section 6609.1 then allows the court to "approve, modify, or reject the department's recommendation or proposal regarding the community or specific address to which the person is scheduled to be released." In other words, the court can approve, modify, or reject the recommended or proposed community, or the court can approve, modify, or reject the recommended or proposed specific address within that community. For example, the court could approve placement in a particular city, but reject the specific address proposed in that city. Or the court could reject placement in that city altogether, thus obviating any need to consider the specific address proposed. The point is that, contrary to Karsai's assertion, subdivision (c) of section 6609.1 does not "clearly" contemplate release into a community as a transient without a fixed residential address. At the same time, however, the statute does not expressly foreclose such a release. Indeed, although various provisions in the SVPA contemplate that a "placement address" will be proposed, commented on, and approved or rejected, nothing in the SVPA specifically provides that if a fixed address at which the released person is to reside is not identified and approved by the court, the person cannot be released at all.
Santa Barbara argues that because an agency in the county of domicile is supposed to "provide assistance and consultation in the process of locating and securing housing" for a person about to be conditionally released (§ 6608.5, subd. (d)), "there is no ambiguity in the statute" and "[t]he plain language of the statute requires release only when housing is 'secured.' " Not so. Certainly the statute contemplates a process of locating and securing housing, but neither this provision nor any other expressly requires that an SVP who has been found to qualify for conditional release must nonetheless remain in custody until specific housing is actually secured.
Santa Barbara contends "a clear indication that transient release is not authorized under the statute is provided in [section] 6608.5[, subdivision] (a)," when read in conjunction with subdivision (d) of that statute. Under subdivision (a), a conditionally released SVP must be placed in the county of domicile unless the court finds that extraordinary circumstances require placement in another county. Under subdivision (d) (as just discussed), an agency in the county of domicile is supposed to provide assistance and consultation in the process of locating and securing housing. In Santa Barbara's view, the inability to secure that housing must be one of the extraordinary circumstances that can require placement in another county. Under this view, however, "[i]f transient release were authorized under the statute, there would be no need to consider release into other counties."
We find this argument without merit because of Santa Barbara's unwarranted presumption that the inability to secure specific housing in the county of domicile is necessarily an extraordinary circumstance that requires placement in another county under section 6608.5. As we have seen, under the SVPA " 'extraordinary circumstances' means circumstances that would inordinately limit the department's ability to effect conditional release of the person in the county of domicile . . . ." (§ 6608.5, subd. (c).) In other words, an SVP can be placed in a county other than the county of domicile only if the superior court finds that the department's ability to conditionally release the SVP in the county of domicile is unreasonably limited by circumstances. What those circumstances might be, the statute does not say. It could be that circumstances in a particular county of domicile might prevent the SVP from receiving adequate outpatient treatment or supervision, such that it would be necessary to place the SVP in another county where adequate treatment and/or supervision would be available. Such circumstances, however, do not necessarily have to have anything to do with whether a specific residence has been secured for the SVP before his or her release. Indeed, there is nothing on the face of the SVPA that would prevent a court from finding that despite the lack of a specific residence, the department can nonetheless effect conditional release into the county of domicile without any inordinate limitation. What constitutes an inordinate limitation on the department's ability to conditionally release the SVP (and thus extraordinary circumstances within the meaning of the SVPA) is for the court to decide, and if the court finds no such limitation, then release into the county of domicile is mandatory, even if no specific residence has been secured.
Of course, this does not mean that a court in a particular case could not find that the lack of a specific residence in the county of domicile qualified as extraordinary circumstances within the meaning of section 6608.5, thus requiring placement in another county. It just means that the lack of a specific residence in the county of domicile is not, as a matter of law, an extraordinary circumstance within the meaning of the statute. Thus, whether lack of specific residence requires placement in a county other than the county of domicile is something for the court to decide; it is not dictated by the SVPA.
Santa Barbara contends the court in People v. Superior Court (George), supra, at page 183 "held that an SVP cannot be released" as a transient. According to Santa Barbara, in George "the court not only refused to release the SVP because no permanent residence was located, but also allowed the prosecutor to file a new petition" that "would have allowed the prosecution to present new evidence which could have resulted in the previous[ly] authorized conditional release be[ing] rescinded for an additional period of time."
Santa Barbara's interpretation of the decision in George is wrong. In George, the department "was unable over the course of a year to place George within San Francisco, the county of his domicile. When the department was about to seek court permission to place George in a conditional release program outside of San Francisco, his two-year commitment under the former provisions of the [SVPA] was about to expire[, which would have resulted in his unconditional release]. The district attorney filed a new petition to recommit George [indefinitely under the revised provisions of the SVPA].[*fn5 ] In preparing to commence jury trial the issue arose whether, to establish George's continuing status as an SVP, it [wa]s necessary to prove that public safety require[d] his continued custody in a locked facility or whether it [wa]s sufficient to prove that public safety require[d] at least commitment to a supervised community placement. The trial court adopted the former view and, since the district attorney acknowledged that the evidence would not show that George require[d] continued confinement in a locked facility, dismissed the petition." (People v. Superior Court (George), supra, 164 Cal.App.4th at p. 188.)
Faced with the prospect of George's unconditional release, despite evidence that he remained a danger to others if he were not in a supervised outpatient treatment program, the People sought review of the trial court's decision via writ petition. (People v. Superior Court (George), supra, 164 Cal.App.4th at pp. 183, 191-192.) The appellate court decided "that in order to recommit George as an SVP, it [wa]s sufficient to prove that public safety require[d] either his confinement in a secure facility or supervised community placement." (Id. at p. 188.) Accordingly, the appellate court "reverse[d] the dismissal of the petition and remand[ed] for trial on the issue so defined." (Ibid.)
From just the foregoing passages, it is apparent that Santa Barbara's interpretation of George is wrong. At issue in George was a petition to recommit an SVP and the proper standard to be applied in adjudicating such a petition, under circumstances where the only choice was between unconditional release or conditional release into an outpatient program (given the People's concession that the evidence would not show that George required continued confinement in a locked facility). The appellate court's holding was that in determining whether George was still an SVP, the question to be answered was whether he would "constitute a danger to the public if not kept in custody in a secure facility or in a state-operated forensic conditional release program." (People v. Superior Court (George), supra, 164 Cal.App.4th at p. 198.) This has nothing to do with the question here, which is whether an SVP who already has been determined to qualify for conditional release -- and thus has already been determined to pose no "danger to others due to his or her diagnosed mental disorder while under supervision and treatment in the community" (§ 6608, subd. (d)) -- can be released without a fixed residence or, instead, must remain confined until a residence is secured. Thus, George is entirely inapposite here.
Having exhausted Santa Barbara's arguments regarding the proper
interpretation of the SVPA, and having reviewed the law carefully
ourselves, we are left with the conclusion that nothing in the law
forbids conditional release of an SVP as a transient. Moreover, to
imply such a limitation into the law would raise serious
constitutional issues. "Because civil commitment involves a
significant deprivation of liberty, a defendant in an SVP proceeding
is entitled to due process protections." (People v. Otto (2001) 26
Cal.4th 200, 209.) Once a court has determined that a particular SVP
would not be a danger to the health and safety of others in that it is
not likely that he or she would engage in sexually violent criminal
behavior due to his or her diagnosed mental disorder if under
supervision and treatment in the community, that person unquestionably
has a significant liberty interest in being released. To authorize an
unspecified delay in that release by implying in the SVPA a
requirement that the person must have a specific residence before
release, when under the statutory scheme the securing of a specific
residence is not a prerequisite to a finding that the person would
pose no danger to others if under outpatient supervision and
treatment, would run the risk that a person who is no longer dangerous
will nonetheless have to remain in custody in a secure facility
indefinitely simply because of some extraneous factor, such as public
outrage, that interferes with finding and securing a fixed residence
for that person.*fn6 To avoid such a potential due process
problem, we believe the more prudent course -- as well as that most
consistent with the established canons of statutory interpretation*fn7
-- is to not imply in the SVPA something the Legislature did not
expressly include in it: the limitation that an SVP cannot be
conditionally released in the community without a specific
residence.*fn8 Thus, we conclude the transient release the
superior court ordered here was not legally impermissible, as Santa
Barbara contends. Whether the order was within the superior court's
discretion under the facts presented here is not before us.*fn9
We simply conclude it was not legal error for the court to make the
order it did.
Determination Of The County Of Domicile
In addition to its challenge to the concept of a transient release, Santa Barbara argues that the superior court here erred in determining that Santa Barbara County was Karsai's county of domicile. According to Santa Barbara, "[t]he record is completely devoid of any evidence that demonstrates that [Karsai] was domiciled in Santa Barbara County."
It has long been established that "[t]he question of residence or domicile is a mixed question of law and fact, and the determination of the trial court, upon conflicting evidence, is conclusive upon this court." (Estate of Peters (1932) 124 Cal.App. 75, 77.) Thus, to overturn the superior court's determination in this writ proceeding, Santa Barbara must persuade us that the evidence was not conflicting, and to do that Santa Barbara must, of course, first show us what the evidence was on this point.
In that initial step, Santa Barbara has utterly failed. "[I]t is the burden of the petitioner seeking relief by way of prerogative writ to plead facts supporting the relief he seeks and to incorporate documentation filed in the trial court 'to the extent necessary to understand the proceedings and justify relief . . . .' " (Krueger v. Superior Court (1979) 89 Cal.App.3d 934, 938.) "A [writ] petition that seeks review of a trial court ruling must be accompanied by an adequate record, including copies of" "[t]he ruling from which the petitioner seeks relief," "[a]ll documents and exhibits submitted to the trial court supporting and opposing the petitioner's position" and "[a]ny other documents or portions of documents submitted to the trial court that are necessary for a complete understanding of the case and the ruling under review." (Cal. Rules of Court, rule 8.486(b)(1)(A)-(C).)*fn10 "In exigent circumstances, the petition may be filed without the documents required by (1)(A)-(C) if counsel . . . files a declaration that explains the urgency and the circumstances making the documents unavailable and fairly summarizes their substance." (rule 8.486(b)(2).) "If the petitioner does not submit the required record or explanations or does not present facts sufficient to excuse the failure to submit them, the court may summarily deny a stay request, the petition, or both." (rule 8.486(b)(4).)
Here, Santa Barbara did not plead in its petition any facts relating to the superior court's ruling that Santa Barbara County was Karsai's county of domicile. In its memorandum of points and authorities in support of its petition, Santa Barbara purported to represent what the evidence before the court "demonstrated," but the memorandum of points and authorities is not verified, as the petition must be. (E.g., rule 8.486(a)(4).) Furthermore, Santa Barbara did not submit any documents with its petition except the March 29 ruling and the department's March 27 notice, let alone all of the documents required by rule 8.486(b)(1), nor did Santa Barbara file a declaration explaining any circumstances that made those documents unavailable and fairly summarizing their substance, as alternately required by rule 8.486(b)(2).
It is true Karsai supplied some of the missing documents as exhibits to his opposition to the petition and his return to the order to show cause (and from these we have patched together the statement of facts set forth above), but we have no reason to believe that the documents Karsai has supplied satisfy the requirements of rule 8.486(b)(1). With respect to the determination of his county of domicile, Karsai has provided us with only: (1) an unfiled copy of a motion by Santa Barbara for reconsideration of the finding of domicile in Santa Barbara County; (2) an unfiled copy of the San Luis Obispo District Attorney's response to that motion; and (3) copies of two unfiled declarations in support of that response. We have no way of knowing whether (and seriously doubt that) these documents constitute all documents and exhibits submitted to the superior court on the question of Karsai's county of domicile. Moreover, neither Santa Barbara nor Karsai has provided us with a copy of the order in which the superior court initially determined the county of domicile, before Santa Barbara moved for reconsideration, let alone the superior court's ruling on that motion. The only record we have of the court's determination of Karsai's domicile is the court's own recitation in its order dated October 26, 2011 (which Karsai supplied as his exhibit A), later repeated in its orders of March 19 and 29, that "[o]n July 22, 2011, this court heard the objections from both the District Attorneys of Santa Barbara County and San Luis Obispo County regarding a determination of domicile for purposes of community placement of the Defendant. Santa Barbara County argued that San Luis Obispo County was the county of domicile, and San Luis Obispo argued that Santa Barbara was the defendant's county of domicile. The court determined that Santa Barbara County was the proper domicile for placement of Mr. Karsai."
In the absence of an adequate record of the superior court's determination that Karsai's county of domicile was Santa Barbara County, there is no way we can reasonably determine whether the evidence on that point was conflicting and therefore no way we can determine whether we are bound by the superior court's determination. Stated another way, there is no way we can review the trial court's domicile ruling consistent with the standard of review. Thus, Santa Barbara's challenge to the superior court's determination of Karsai's county of domicile provides no basis for issuance of the writ Santa Barbara seeks.
Statutory Notice Of Conditional Release
Santa Barbara's final argument is that the superior court failed to comply with the statutory notice requirements contained in section 6609.1. This argument need not detain us long, because section 6609.1 does not impose any notice requirement applicable here on the court. Subdivision (a) of the statute provides that, when certain things happen -- like when the department makes a recommendation to the court that an SVP should be conditionally released -- the department must notify various agencies. Subdivision (d) also requires the department to give notice to other agencies in other circumstances. Only subdivision (e) of the statute imposes a notice requirement on the court, but that statute requires only that the court notify the "Sexually Violent Predator Parole Coordinator of the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation" if the court orders the release of an SVP.
Santa Barbara is not complaining here that the court failed to give notice to that official in this case. Instead, Santa Barbara complains that "[t]he lower court did not provide any notice to County of Santa Barbara officials that he was considering releasing [Karsai] as a 'transient.' " Absent any statutory requirement that the court give such notice, however, this argument provides no basis for us to issue the writ Santa Barbara seeks.
The petition for a writ of mandate is denied. The stay of the March 19 and March 29 orders is dissolved.
We concur: BLEASE , Acting P.J. DUARTE , J.