The opinion of the court was delivered by: Jennifer L. Thurston United States Magistrate Judge
FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS DISMISSING PLAINTIFF'S CASE FOR FAILURE TO PROSECUTE OR COMPLY WITH COURT ORDERS (Docs. 13, 15, 16).
Plaintiff is a state prisoner proceeding pro se with a civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. On January 2, 2013, the Court dismissed Plaintiff's Complaint, but allowed him twenty-one days to file an amended complaint to address the deficiencies outlined by the Court. (Doc. 13). Despite the Court's order, Plaintiff failed to file a timely amended pleading. On January 25, 2013, the Court issued an order to show cause why the matter should not be dismissed for failure to comply with the Court's order. (Doc. 15). The January 25, 2013 order gave Plaintiff fourteen days to respond and submit an amended pleading. (Doc. 15).
After issuing the January 25, 2013 order, the Court received Plaintiff's request for an extension of time to file the amended pleading. (Doc. 14). Because the Court had already granted Plaintiff additional time to file his amended complaint through its January 25, 2013 Order to Show Cause, Plaintiff's request for additional time was disregarded. (Doc. 16). Plaintiff's amended complaint was due to the Court on February 8, 2013. (Doc. 15, 16). Plaintiff has yet to file his amended complaint. 2
For the reasons set forth below, the Court recommends Plaintiff's action be dismissed. 3
I. Discussion and Analysis
"District courts have inherent power to control their dockets," and in exercising that power, a 5 court may impose sanctions including dismissal of an action. Thompson v. Housing Authority of Los 6 Angeles, 782 F.2d 829, 831 (9th Cir. 1986). A court may dismiss an action with prejudice, based on a 7 party's failure to prosecute an action or failure to obey a court order, or failure to comply with local 8 rules. See, e.g., Ghazali v. Moran, 46 F.3d 52, 53-54 (9 th Cir. 2995) (dismissal for failure to comply 9 with local rules); Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1260-61 (9th Cir. 1992) (dismissal for failure to comply with an order requiring amendment of complaint); Malone v. U.S. Postal Service, 833 F.2d 128, 130 (9th Cir. 1987) (dismissal for failure to comply with a court order); Henderson v. Duncan, 779 F.2d 1421, 1424 (9th Cir. 1986) (dismissal for failure to prosecute and to comply with local rules).
In determining whether to dismiss an action for failure to prosecute, failure to obey a court order, or failure to comply with the Local Rules, the Court must consider several factors, including: "(1) the public's interest in expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the court's need to manage its docket; (3) the risk of prejudice to the defendants; (4) the public policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits; and (5) the availability of less drastic sanctions." Henderson, 779 F.2d at 1423-24; see also Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1260-61; Thomspon, 782 F.2d at 831.
In the case at hand, the public's interest in expeditiously resolving this litigation and the Court's interest in managing the docket weigh in favor of dismissal. The risk of prejudice to the defendants also weighs in favor of dismissal, since a presumption of injury arises from the occurrence of unreasonable delay in prosecution of an action. See Anderson v. Air West, 542 F.2d 522, 524 (9th Cir. 1976). The Court will not, and cannot, hold the case in abeyance based upon Plaintiff's failure to file his amended pleading. Further, the factors in favor of dismissal outweigh the policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits.
In its January 2, 2013, January 25, 2013, and January 29, 2013 orders, the Court warned Plaintiff that if he failed to comply with the order, this Court would recommend that the action be dismissed." (Docs. 13, 15, 16). Thus, Plaintiff had adequate warning that dismissal would result from his noncompliance with the Court's order, and this satisfies the requirement that the Court 2 consider less drastic measures than dismissal of the action. Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1262; Henderson, 779 3 F.2d at 1424. Moreover, no lesser sanction is feasible given Plaintiff's failure to communicate with 4 the Court. 5
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED:
1. This action be DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE; and
2. The Clerk of Court be directed to close this action because this order terminates the action in its entirety. These Findings and Recommendations are submitted to the United States 9 District Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and Rule 304 of the Local Rules of Practice for the United States District Court, Eastern District of California. Within fourteen days after being served with these Findings and Recommendations, any party may file written objections with the court. Such a document should be captioned "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." The parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court's order. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).