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Gwendolyn Green v. Michael J. Astrue


February 27, 2013


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Sheila K. Oberto United States Magistrate Judge



On December 19, 2012, counsel for Plaintiff, Sengthiene Bosavanh, Esq., filed a motion for an award of attorney's fees pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 406(b). (Doc. 28.) Plaintiff Gwendolyn Green ("Plaintiff") and Defendant were each served with Plaintiff's counsel's motion, but no opposition or response was filed. See generally Grisbrecht v. Barnhart, 535 U.S. 789, 798 n.6 (2002). For the reasons set forth below, the Court RECOMMENDS that Ms. Bosavanh's motion for an award of attorney's fees be GRANTED.


Plaintiff brought the underlying action seeking judicial review of a final administrative decision denying her claim for disability benefits under the Social Security Act. (Doc. 1.) On September 29, 2011, the ALJ's decision was reversed, and the case was remanded to the agency for further consideration. (Docs. 20, 21.) Plaintiff filed a motion for an award of Equal Access to Justice Act ("EAJA") fees (Doc. 23), which was unopposed by the Commissioner. On May 11, 2012, Plaintiff was awarded EAJA fees in the amount of $6,006.99. (Doc. 27.)

Ms. Bosavanh now seeks an award of attorney's fees in the amount of $20,001.50 pursuant to section 406(b). Ms. Bosavanh filed a declaration in support of the motion for attorney's fees stating that, on remand, the Commissioner awarded Plaintiff benefits finding her disabled since October 28, 2004. (Doc. 28, ¶ 4; Doc. 27-2, p. 11.) On December 3, 2012, the Commissioner issued a notice that retroactive disability benefits were awarded to Plaintiff totaling $80,006.00. (Doc. 28, 3:6-9; Doc. 28-3, p. 3) It is Ms. Bosavanh's Section 406(b) motion for attorney's fees that is currently pending before the Court.


Pursuant to the Social Security Act, attorneys may seek a reasonable fee for cases in which they have successfully represented social security claimants.*fn1 Section 406(b) provides the following in relevant part:

Whenever a court renders a judgment favorable to a claimant under this subchapter who was represented before the court by an attorney, the court may determine and allow as part of its judgment a reasonable fee for such representation, not in excess of 25 percent of the total of the past-due benefits to which the claimant is entitled by reason of such judgment, and the Commissioner of Social Security may . . . certify the amount of such fee for payment to such attorney out of, and not in addition to, the amount of such past-due benefits . . . . 42 U.S.C. § 406(b)(1)(A) (emphasis added). "In contrast to fees awarded under fee-shifting provisions such as 42 U.S.C. § 1988, the fee is paid by the claimant out of the past-due benefits awarded; the losing party is not responsible for payment." Crawford v. Astrue, 586 F.3d 1142, 1147 (9th Cir. 2009) (en banc) (citing Grisbrecht v. Barnhart, 535 U.S. 789, 802 (2002)). The Commissioner has standing to challenge the award, despite the fact that the Section 406(b) attorney's fee award is not paid by the government. Craig v. Sec'y Dep't of Health & Human Servs., 864 F.2d 324, 328 (4th Cir. 1989), abrogated on other grounds in Grisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 807. The goal of fee awards under Section 406(b) is to provide adequate incentive to represent claimants while ensuring that the usually meager disability benefits received are not greatly depleted. Cotter v. Bowen, 879 F.2d 359, 365 (8th Cir. 1989), abrogated on other grounds in Grisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 807.

The twenty-five percent (25%) maximum fee is not an automatic entitlement, and courts are required to ensure that the requested fee is reasonable. Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 808-09 (Section 406(b) does not displace contingent-fee agreements within the statutory ceiling; instead, Section 406(b) instructs courts to review for reasonableness fees yielded by those agreements). "Within the 25 percent boundary . . . the attorney for the successful claimant must show that the fee sought is reasonable for the services rendered." Id. at 807; see also Crawford, 586 F.3d at 1148 (holding that Section 406(b) "does not specify how courts should determine whether a requested fee is reasonable" but "provides only that the fee must not exceed 25% of the past-due benefits awarded").

Generally, "a district court charged with determining a reasonable fee award under § 406(b)(1)(A) must respect 'the primacy of lawful attorney-client fee arrangements,' . . . 'looking first to the contingent-fee agreement, then testing it for reasonableness.'" Crawford, 586 F.3d at 1148 (quoting Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 793, 808). The United States Supreme Court has identified several factors that may be considered in determining whether a fee award under a contingent-fee agreement is unreasonable and therefore subject to reduction by the court: (1) the character of the representation; (2) the results achieved by the representative; (3) whether the attorney engaged in dilatory conduct in order to increase the accrued amount of past-due benefits; (4) whether the benefits are large in comparison to the amount of time counsel spent on the case; and (5) the attorney's record of hours worked and counsel's regular hourly billing charge for non-contingent cases. Id. (citing Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 807-08).

Here, the fee agreement between Plaintiff and her counsel provides for a fee consisting of "25 (twenty five) percent of the past-due benefits resulting from [Plaintiff's] claim or claims." (Doc. 28-1. p. 1.) The Court has considered the character of counsel's representation of Plaintiff and the results achieved by counsel. The Court's order on Plaintiff's EAJA application found that Plaintiff's counsel reasonably expended a total of 34.05 hours litigating Plaintiff's case. (See Docs. 26, 27.) There is no indication that a reduction of the award is warranted due to any substandard performance by Plaintiff's counsel; counsel secured a successful result for Plaintiff. There is also no evidence that Ms. Bosavanh engaged in any dilatory conduct resulting in excessive delay. Attorney's fees in the amount of $20,001.50 represent 25% of the past-due benefits paid to Plaintiff and are not excessive in relation to the past-due award. See generally Taylor v. Astrue, No. 1:06-cv-00957-SMS, 2011 WL 836740, at *2 (E.D. Cal. Mar. 4, 2011) (granting petition for an award of attorney's fees pursuant to Section 406(b) in the amount of $20,960.00); Jamieson v. Astrue, No. 1:09-cv-00490-LJO-DLB, 2011 WL 587096, at *2 (E.D. Cal. Feb. 9, 2011) (recommending an award of attorney's fees pursuant to Section 406(b) in the amount of $34,500.00); Logan-Laracuente v. Astrue, No. 1:07-cv-00983-SMS, 2010 WL 4689519, at *2 (E.D. Cal. Nov. 10, 2010) (granting petition for attorney's fees pursuant to Section 406(b) in the amount of $23,558.62).

In making this determination, the Court recognizes the contingent-fee nature of this case and counsel's assumption of risk in agreeing to represent Plaintiff under such terms. See Hearn v. Barnhart, 262 F. Supp. 2d 1033, 1037 (N.D. Cal. 2003) ("Because attorneys like Mr. Sackett contend with a substantial risk of loss in Title II cases, an effective hourly rate of only $450 in successful cases does not provide a basis for this court to lower the fee to avoid a 'windfall.'" (quoting Grisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 807)). Further, counsel has submitted billing statements in support of the requested fee, which were thoroughly reviewed by the Court. (See Docs. 26, 27.)

An award of Section 406(b) fees, however, must be offset by any prior award of attorney's fees granted under the EAJA. 28 U.S.C. § 2412; Grisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 796. Plaintiff's counsel has already been awarded $6,006.99 in fees pursuant to the EAJA, and thus any Section 406(b) fees awarded must be offset by $6,006.99, and that amount must be refunded to Plaintiff.


For the reasons stated above, the Court concludes that the fees sought by Mr. Bosavanh pursuant to Section 406(b) are reasonable.


1. Plaintiff's counsel's motion for an award of attorney's fees pursuant to Section 406(b) in the amount of $20,001.00 be GRANTED; and

2. Plaintiff's counsel be ordered to refund to Plaintiff $6,006.99 of the Section 406(b) fees awarded as an offset for EAJA fees previously awarded pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d).

These findings and recommendations are submitted to the district judge assigned to this action, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and this Court's Local Rule 304. Within fourteen

(14) days of service of this recommendation, any party may file written objections to these findings and recommendations with the Court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a document should be captioned "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." The district judge will review the magistrate judge's findings and recommendations pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C). The parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the district judge's order. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).


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