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Maria Lopez v. Wells Fargo Bank

March 6, 2013


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Honorable George H. Wu, United States District Judge




Javier Gonzalez None Present

Deputy Clerk Court Reporter / Recorder Tape No.

Attorneys Present for Plaintiffs: Attorneys Present for Defendants:

None Present None Present


Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., as successor by merger with Wells Fargo Bank Southwest, N.A., formerly known as and sued under the name Wachovia Mortgage ("Wells"), removed this action from Los Angeles County Superior Court on January 23, 2013, asserting that this Court has diversity jurisdiction over this matter. Federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction, having subject matter jurisdiction only over matters authorized by the Constitution and Congress. See, e.g., Kokkonen v. Guardian Life Ins. Co., 511 U.S. 375, 377 (1994). A "strong presump-tion" against removal jurisdiction

See Gaus v. Miles, Inc., 980 F.2d 564, 567 (9th Cir. 1992). In removing, Wells bore the burden of proving that jurisdiction exists. See Scott v. Breeland, 792 F.2d 925, 927 (9th Cir. 1986). Subject matter jurisdiction based on diversity of citizenship requires all plaintiffs to have different citizenship(s) from all defendants and that the amount in controversy exceed $75,000. See 28 U.S.C. § 1332; Owen Equip. & Erection Co. v. Kroger, 437 U.S. 365, 373 (1978).

Plaintiff Maria Lopez is a California citizen. See Notice of Removal at 2:1-17. Wells is a national banking association. Id. at 3:7-8. Although the Notice of Removal asserts that there is complete diversity, it alleges Wells's citizenship based only upon the location of Wells's main office, citing to the Supreme Court's decision in Wachovia Bank v. Schmidt, 546 U.S. 303, 313-14 (2006), for the proposition that a national banking association's main office location is its only source of citizenship.

The Notice of Removal contains no allegations concerning the location of Wells's principal place of business. However, this Court recently joined many of its sister courts in holding that Schmidt left open the question of whether a national banking association is a citizen of the state of its principal place of business in addition to the state of its main office. Mojica v. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., et al., CV 12-1608-GW-AGR, Docket No. 12. See also Rouse v. Wachovia Mortgage, FSB, No. EDCV 11-00928 DMG (DTBx), 2012 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 6962, at *42 (C.D. Cal. Jan. 13, 2012) (finding that Wells is a citizen both of South Dakota and of California). Further, this Court has held that in the absence of contrary controlling authority*fn1 , the principal place of business of a national banking association does give rise to citizenship for jurisdictional purposes. Mojica, CV 12-1608-GW-AGR, Docket No. 12 at 2 (listing cases holding that a national banking association has the dual citizenship of its main office location and its principal place of business). Since Mojica, other California district courts have continued to adopt this view. Grace v. Wells Fargo Bank N.A., et al., No. 12-CV-2050 GPC-NLS, 2013 U.S. Dist. Lexis 23996 (S.D. Cal. Feb. 21, 2013) (listing other recent California district court decisions).

The Court notes that many recent cases have found that Wells's principal place of business is in California, which fact has not been disputed by Wells in other litigation in which this issue has arisen, including Mojica. See id. (listing cases where Wells has stipulated or the Court has found that its principal place of business is California). Wells, who bears the burden of proving that subject matter jurisdiction exists, has not included in its Notice of Removal any allegations that Wells's principal place of business is anywhere other than in California. Given the aforementioned caselaw and the fact that Plaintiff is a California citizen, the Court concludes that the parties in this case are not diverse.

Thus, the Court finds that the allegations in the Notice of Removal are insufficient to establish the Court's removal jurisdiction by virtue of diversity jurisdiction, and Wells has failed to meet its burden of showing that subject matter jurisdiction exists. The Court hereby remands this action to the Superior Court of Los Angeles County and vacates both Motions to Dismiss that are presently set for hearing ...

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