UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
March 19, 2013
FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION, PLAINTIFF,
ROBERT G. HAHN AND TERESA M. FISKI, DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Honorable Larry Alan Burns United States District Judge
REMANDING CASE ORDER SUA SPONTE
This is an unlawful detainer action brought by Federal National Mortgage Association against Robert G. Hahn and Teresa M. Fiski. Federal National Mortgage filed this case on January 7, 2013, in California Superior Court, and Mr. Hahn removed it to this Court on March 15, 2013.
Mr. Hahn based removal on federal question jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1441, stating he raised a defense in his demurrer under the Protecting Tenants at Foreclosure Act, 12 U.S.C. § 5220. However, federal question jurisdiction exists only when a federal question appears on the face of the complaint. See Caterpillar Inc. v. Williams, 482 U.S. 386, 392 (1987). Merely raising a federal defense in an answer or demurrer will not suffice. See Holmes Group, Inc. v. Vornado Air Circulation Sys., 535 U.S. 826, 831 (2002).
Here, the complaint states only a state law claim for unlawful detainer. Therefore, the Court sua sponte REMANDS this caseto the Superior Court of California, County of San Diego. Because the case is remanded, this court will not reach Mr. Hahn's motion to proceed in forma pauperis.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
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