IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
March 26, 2013
MICHAEL JACKSON, PLAINTIFF,
JOHN W. HAVILAND, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.
Plaintiff is a former state prisoner proceeding pro se with a civil
rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The parties have consented
to Magistrate Judge jurisdiction over this action pursuant to 28
U.S.C. § 636(c). (See Doc. Nos. 6 & 24.) Pending before the court is
defendant Herrera's renewed motion for summary judgment.*fn1
Plaintiff has failed to file an opposition to that motion.
Defendant Herrera first filed a motion for summary judgment on September 22, 2011. (Doc. No. 27.) When plaintiff failed to file a timely opposition to that motion, the court issued an order on November 3, 2011, requiring plaintiff to file his opposition or a statement of non-opposition, and advising plaintiff that his failure to file an opposition could be deemed as a statement of non-opposition and would result in the dismissal of this action pursuant to Rule 41(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure due to his failure to prosecute this action or to comply with the court's orders. (Doc. No. 29.)
On November 30, 2011, plaintiff filed a five-page opposition to defendant Herrera's motion for summary judgment. (Doc. No. 32.) However, in light of the Ninth Circuit's then-recent decision in Woods v. Carey, 684 F.3d 934 (9th Cir. 2012), by order filed August 3, 2012, this court contemporaneously advised plaintiff once again of the requirements for opposing a motion for summary judgment such as that brought by defendant Herrera and provided plaintiff with additional time to file a supplemental opposition or alternatively, to advise the court that no such supplemental opposition to the motion would be filed and that plaintiff wished to proceed based upon the opposition he had filed on November 30, 2011. (Doc. No. 34.) However, the order containing the contemporaneous Woods notice was returned to the court as undeliverable on August 13, 2012.
Accordingly, in an order filed August 23, 2012, the court directed plaintiff to file a notice of change of address, and either his supplemental opposition to the pending motion for summary judgment or a statement that no supplemental opposition would be filed. (Doc. No. 38.) The court also directed the Clerk of the Court to serve that order, as well as the court's August 3, 2012 order (Doc. No. 34), at plaintiff's address of record as well as a Richmond, California address provided by defendant's counsel. Copies of the orders sent to plaintiff's address of record were again returned to the court as undeliverable. However, the orders sent to plaintiff at the Richmond address provided by defense counsel was not returned.
By order filed on September 13, 2012, defendant Herrera's first motion for summary judgment was denied without prejudice and plaintiff was provided a final opportunity to file with the court a notice of change of address as required by the Local Rules. (Doc. No. 40.)
On October 9, 2012, plaintiff finally filed his notice of change of address providing the court with an address in Oakland, California. (Doc. No. 42.)
On October 15, 2012, defendant Herrera filed his renewed motion for summary judgment. (Doc. No. 43.) Once again, plaintiff failed to file an opposition to that motion. On November 27, 2012, the court therefore ordered plaintiff to file his opposition to that motion for summary judgment, if any, within twenty-one days or to advise the court if he wished that his opposition filed in response to defendant Herrera's original motion for summary judgment be deemed his opposition to the renewed motion for summary judgment. (Doc. No. 44 at 1-2 & n.1.) Plaintiff was again advised that his failure to comply with the court's order could result in the dismissal of this action. (Id.) Despite these repeated warnings, plaintiff has failed to file any opposition to defendant Herrera's motion for summary judgment nor has he responded to the court's November 27, 2012 order in any way.*fn2
II. Rule 41(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure
"Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b), the district court may dismiss an action for failure to comply with any order of the court." Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1260 (9th Cir. 1992). "In determining whether to dismiss a case for failure to comply with a court order the district court must weigh five factors including: '(1) the public's interest in expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the court's need to manage its docket; (3) the risk of prejudice to the defendants; (4) the public policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits; and (5) the availability of less drastic alternatives.'" Id. at 1260-61 (quoting Thompson v. Housing Auth., 782 F.2d 829, 831 (9th Cir. 1986)). See also Ghazali v. Moran, 46 F.3d 52, 53 (9th Cir. 1995).
The court has considered the five factors set forth in Ferdik. The first two factors strongly support dismissal of this action. The action has been pending for over three years and has reached the stage, set by the court's December 9, 2010 scheduling order, for resolution of dispositive motions, and, if necessary, preparation for pretrial conference and jury trial. (See Doc. No. 17.) This case has also been delayed on several occasions by plaintiff's failure to keep the court appraised of his change of address.
Consideration of the fifth Ferdik factor also favors dismissal. The court has advised plaintiff of the requirements of the Local Rules and has twice advised plaintiff of the requirements for opposing a motion for summary judgment such as that brought by defendant Herrera. Since the latest such advisement, plaintiff has now had five months to file a response to the pending motion for summary judgment. Furthermore, the court has provided plaintiff repeated opportunities to file his opposition, or in the alternative, to request that his opposition filed on November 30, 2011 be deemed his opposition for the pending summary judgment motion. Plaintiff has failed to respond to those orders. Accordingly, the court finds no suitable alternative to dismissal of this action.
Under the circumstances of this case, the third factor, prejudice to defendant from plaintiff's failure to oppose the motion, should be given little weight. Plaintiff's failure to oppose the motion does not put defendant at any disadvantage in this action. See Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1262. The defendant would only be "disadvantaged" by a decision to continue this action where plaintiff has failed to file an opposition to the motion for summary judgment.
The fourth Ferdik factor, the public policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits, weighs against dismissal of this action as a sanction. However, for the reasons set forth above, the first, second and fifth Ferdik factors strongly support dismissal and the third factor does not mitigate against it. Under the circumstances of this case, those factors in favor of dismissal clearly outweigh the general public policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits.
For the reasons set forth above, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that this action is dismissed pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b) due to plaintiff's failure to prosecute this action and to abide by the court's orders. In light of this order dismissing this action, defendant Herrera's pending summary judgment motion (Doc. No. 43.) is rendered moot.