ORDER AND FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
This case, in which defendants are proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis, is before the undersigned pursuant to Eastern District of California Local Rule 302(c)(21). See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). On March 13, 2013, plaintiff filed a motion to dismiss plaintiff's complaint pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(a)(2), and noticed the motion for hearing on April 17, 2013. Dckt. No. 58. As stated below, the motion should be granted.*fn1
Plaintiff contends that Rule 41(a)(2) permits plaintiff to request voluntary dismissal when there is no prejudice to the defendants, and that standard is satisfied herein. Id. at 1. According to plaintiff, the dismissal of this action does not impact any interest or potential argument of defendants, since neither defendant has participated in this action in any way since defendants' prior counsel assisted in the preparation of the July 7, 2011 Amended Joint Status Report.*fn2 Id. at 4.
Rule 41(a)(2) provides that if a defendant has appeared but not stipulated to dismissal, "an action may be dismissed at the plaintiff's request only by court order, on terms that the court considers proper." Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(a)(2). Unless otherwise specified, a dismissal under Rule 41(a)(2) is without prejudice. Id.
A district court should grant a motion for voluntary dismissal under Rule 41(a)(2) unless a defendant can show that it will suffer some "plain legal prejudice" as a result. Waller v. Fin. Corp. of Am., 828 F.2d 579, 583 (9th Cir. 1987); see also Hamilton v. Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., 679 F.2d 143, 145-46 (9th Cir. 1982). The Ninth Circuit has clarified that legal prejudice means "prejudice to some legal interest, some legal claim, some legal argument." Smith v. Lenches, 263 F.3d 972, 976 (9th Cir. 2001) (quoting Westlands Water Dist. v. United States, 100 F.3d 94, 96 (9th Cir. 1996)); see also WPP Luxembourg Gamma Three Sarl v. Sport Runner, Inc., 655 F.3d 1039, 1059 (9th Cir. 2011). In so holding, the Court further explained that "uncertainty because a dispute remains unresolved" or because "the threat of future litigation . . . causes uncertainty" does not result in plain legal prejudice. Smith, 263 F.3d at 976. Moreover, plain legal prejudice does not result merely because the defendant will be inconvenienced by having to defend in another forum or where a plaintiff would gain a tactical advantage by that dismissal. Hamilton, 679 F.2d at 145. In addition, whether defendants have already incurred substantial legal expenses does not constitute sufficient prejudice or hardship to justify refusing a voluntary motion to dismiss. See, e.g., In re Lowenschuss, 67 F.3d 1394, 1400-01 (9th Cir. 1995).
Here, as plaintiff notes, defendants have not participated in this action in more than a year and a half, and nothing has been filed on their behalf since their prior counsel filed a motion to withdraw more than a year ago. Because of defendant Laj, LLC's failure to obtain replacement counsel, the undersigned previously recommended that Laj, LLC's answer be stricken and that Laj, LLC be held in default. Dckt. No. 57. Moreover, defendants were served with a copy of the request for dismissal, Dckt. No. 58 at 5, but neither defendant filed any response thereto. See E.D. Cal. L.R. 230(c) (providing that opposition to the granting of a motion, or a statement of non-opposition thereto, must be served upon the moving party, and filed with this court, no later than fourteen days preceding the noticed hearing date or, in this instance, by April 3, 2013).
Given defendants' failure to participate in this action and failure to respond to the motion to dismiss, the court cannot say that they would be prejudiced by the requested dismissal. Therefore, plaintiff's request for a court order dismissing this action pursuant to Rule 41(a)(2) should be granted.
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the April 17, 2013 hearing on plaintiff's motion to dismiss is vacated.
IT IS FURTHER RECOMMENDED that:
1. Plaintiff's motion for a court order dismissing this case pursuant to Rule 41(a)(2), Dckt. No. 58, be granted;
2. This case be dismissed without prejudice; and
3. The Clerk be directed to close ...