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Richard Ernest Anaya v. Herrington

April 12, 2013



I. Order

A. Procedural History

Plaintiff Richard Ernest Anaya ("Plaintiff") is a California state prisoner proceeding pro se in this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 on his Fifth Amended Complaint, filed on May 10, 2012. (Docs. 77, 81, 83.) Defendants Chen and Lopez filed their Answer on November 14, 2012.*fn1 (Doc. 84.) On January 31, 2013, the Magistrate Judge assigned to this case issued a Discovery and Scheduling Order ("D&S Order") wherein the parties were ordered, no later than March 18, 2013, to provide various delineated disclosures, "[n]otwithstanding Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(a)(1)(B)." (Doc. 87.) Both sides filed documents titled as objections to the D&S Order. (Docs. 88, 89.)

Local Rule 303(c) requires that a party objecting to a ruling on general pretrial matters by a Magistrate Judge specifically designate the ruling, or part thereof, objected to, the basis for that objection, and that it be captioned "Request for Reconsideration by the District Court of Magistrate Judge's Ruling." Though neither party complied with this latter requirement of the Local Rules, their objections are construed as requests for reconsideration. Further, while the document Plaintiff filed purports to be objections to the D&S Order, its thrust is that of a motion for appointment of counsel and is construed as such. (Doc. 89.)

B. Defendants' Arguments

Defendants object to the D&S Order on the bases that it is contrary to law since this action is exempt*fn2 from the initial disclosure requirements of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(a)(1) as Plaintiff is a pro se state prisoner and if the D&S Order is applied to all prisoner cases, great expense will be added to the State's defense of prisoner actions contravening the purpose of exemption. (Doc. 88.) These arguments are not persuasive to set aside the D&S Order.

1. Standard

The Federal Magistrates Act*fn3 provides the standards for review of Magistrate Judge orders by a District Judge. On nondispositive matters, a magistrate judge's order is reviewed to ascertain whether it is "clearly erroneous or contrary to law." 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(A); Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(a); see also Doe v. Kamehameha Schools/Bernice Pauahi Bishop Estate, 596 F.3d 1036, n. 4 (9th Cir. 2010) (ref. Maisonville v. F2 America, Inc., 902 F.2d 746, 747-48 (9th Cir. 1990)); Rivera v. NIBCO, Inc., 364 F.3d 1057, 1063 (9th Cir. 2004). Thus, the D&S Order is subject to reconsideration if it is clearly erroneous or contrary to law.

The decision as to whether a Magistrate Judge's decision was clearly erroneous or contrary to law is "well within the discretion of the district court." Thornton v. McClatchy Newspapers, Inc., 261 F.3d 789, 799 (9th Cir. 2001) (ref. Ascon Props., Inc. v. Mobil Oil Co., 866 F.2d 1149, 1161 (9th Cir. 1989)). Further, "[d]istrict courts have 'broad discretion to manage discovery and to control the course of litigation under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 16," Hunt v. County of Orange, 672 F.3d 606, 616, (9th Cir. 2012) (quoting Avila v. Willits Envtl. Remediation Trust, 633 F.3d 828, 833 (9th Cir. 2011)), and are necessarily vested with control "to manage their own affairs so as to achieve the orderly and expeditious disposition of cases," Chambers v. NASCO, Inc., 501 U.S. 32, 43 (1991) (quoting Link v. Wabash R. Co., 370 U.S. 626, 630-31 (1962)).

It is true that the D&S Order requires the parties in this action to engage in disclosures similar to those required under FRCP 26(a)(1). (Doc. 87.) It is also true both that the plaintiff in this action is an inmate proceeding pro se which would normally exempt this proceeding from initial disclosures and that any standing order requiring initial disclosures in actions brought by inmates proceeding pro se would be contrary to law. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(a)(1) advisory committee's note para.1 (2000).

However, the D&S Order is not, as Defendants suggest, a standing order to be applied to all pro se inmate actions. Rather, it is a case-specific order that issued only in this case in an effort "[t]o expedite the fair disposition of this action and to discourage wasteful pretrial activities. . . ." (Doc. 87, 1:15.) As such, the D&S Order is proper since "even in a case excluded . . . , the court can order exchange of similar information in managing the action under rule 16." Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(a)(1) advisory committee's note para.1 (2000).

The purpose of initial disclosures under FRCP 26(a) is "to accelerate the exchange of basic information . . . and to eliminate the paper work involved in requesting such information." Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(a)(1) advisory committee's note para.2 (1993). The D&S Order does precisely that by its issuance in a case three and a half years old and subsequent to filing of answers by two of the three remaining Defendants. Orders such as the D&S Order fall well within the vested control of a trial court to control it's docket and to ensure efficient use of limited judicial resources.

In accordance with the provisions of 28 U.S.C. ยง 636(b)(1)(A) this Court has reviewed the objections to the D&S Order and finds that the D&S Order is case specific and ...

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