The opinion of the court was delivered by: Sheila K. Oberto Unitedstates Magistrate Judge
) ORDER DIRECTING PETITIONER TO ) FILE A SIGNED AND DATED ) VERIFICATION OF THE FIRST AMENDED ) PETITION NO LATER THAN THIRTY ) (30) DAYS AFTER THE DATE OF DIRECTOR, FEDERAL BUREAU OF ) SERVICE OF THIS ORDER
Petitioner is a federal prisoner proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis with a petition pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(c)(1), Petitioner has consented to the jurisdiction of the United States Magistrate Judge to conduct all further proceedings in the case, including the entry of final judgment, by manifesting consent in a signed writing filed by Petitioner on February 11, 2013 (doc. 5). Pending before the Court is Petitioner's first amended petition (FAP), which was filed on April 16, 2013, in an apparent attempt to comply with the Court's order of March 13, 2013, directing Petitioner to submit a separate verification and signature of the originally filed petition. *fn1
I. Screening the Petition
Rule 4 of the Rules Governing § 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts (Habeas Rules) requires the Court to make a preliminary review of each petition for writ of habeas corpus. The Court must summarily dismiss a petition "[i]f it plainly appears from the petition and any attached exhibits that the petitioner is not entitled to relief in the district court...." Habeas Rule 4; O'Bremski v. Maass, 915 F.2d 418, 420 (9th Cir. 1990); see also Hendricks v. Vasquez, 908 F.2d 490 (9th Cir. 1990). Habeas Rule 2(c) requires that a petition 1) specify all grounds of relief available to the Petitioner; 2) state the facts supporting each ground; and 3) state the relief requested. Notice pleading is not sufficient; the petition must state facts that point to a real possibility of constitutional error. Rule 4, Advisory Committee Notes, 1976 Adoption; O'Bremski v. Maass, 915 F.2d at 420 (quoting Blackledge v. Allison, 431 U.S. 63, 75 n.7 (1977)). Allegations in a petition that are vague, conclusory, or palpably incredible are subject to summary dismissal. Hendricks v. Vasquez, 908 F.2d at 491.
The Court may dismiss a petition for writ of habeas corpus either on its own motion under Habeas Rule 4, pursuant to the respondent's motion to dismiss, or after an answer to the petition has been filed. Advisory Committee Notes to Habeas Rule 8, 1976 Adoption; see, Herbst v. Cook, 260 F.3d 1039, 1042-43 (9th Cir. 2001).
II. Lack of a Verification
A review of the FAP shows that it does not comply formally with requirements of 28 U.S.C. § 1746. *fn2
Title 28 U.S.C. § 2242 provides in pertinent part: Application for a writ of habeas corpus shall be in writing signed and verified by the person for whose relief it is intended or by someone acting in his behalf.
Likewise, Rule 2 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts (Habeas Rules) expressly requires that the petition "be signed under penalty of perjury by the petitioner or by a person authorized to sign it for the petitioner under 28 U.S.C. § 2242." Habeas Rule 2(c)(5).
If a petition is insufficient, the rules direct the Clerk to file the petition, and the Court may then require the petitioner to submit a corrected petition that conforms to Rule 2(c). Habeas Rule 3(b); Habeas Rule 2, Advisory Committee Comment, 2004 Amendments.
Title 28 U.S.C. § 1746 requires that a declaration be subscribed as true under penalty of perjury, and be executed substantially in the statutory form, which in turn requires a declaration "under penalty of perjury that the foregoing is true and correct." 28 U.S.C. § 1746. Although a lack of swearing is not a fatal defect, the declaration must be made under penalty of perjury and must be attested to be true. Cobell v. Norton, 310 F.Supp.2d 77, 84 (D.D.C. 2004) (statement of truth based on "knowledge, information, and belief" insufficient); Kersting v. United States, 865 F.Supp. 669, 776-77 (D. Hawaii 1994) (necessary elements are that the unsworn declaration contains the phrase "under penalty of perjury" and states that the document is true).
Here, Petitioner states, "I declare under the penalty of perjury that the foregoing statements are true and correct to the best of my knowledge." (Emphasis added.) (FAP, 5.) Thus, Petitioner has qualified the allegation of truth to an uncertain extent by indicating that the truth is dependent upon an unspecified basis of knowledge. The Court concludes that because of this qualification, the declaration fails to comply with the requirements of § 1746.
Petitioner will be given one more opportunity to submit a declaration in the proper form stating that the matters alleged in the first amended petition for writ of habeas corpus are true. Petitioner must declare that the matters stated in the first amended petition are true, date his declaration, and sign the document under penalty of perjury in the form set forth in § 1746; the document should contain an original signature. Petitioner will be granted thirty (30) from the date of service of this order to comply with the Court's directive. Further screening of the petition will be suspended pending receipt of the verification.
Petitioner is forewarned that failure to comply with the Court's order will result in dismissal of the ...