The opinion of the court was delivered by: Sheila K. Oberto United States Magistrate Judge
ORDER REQUIRING PLAINTIFF TO SHOW CAUSE WHY DEFENDANTS SHOULD NOT BE DISMISSED PURSUANT TO RULE 4(M) (Docs. 11-14)
Plaintiff Kenneth R. Huskey, a civil detainee proceeding pro se and in
forma pauperis, filed this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §
1983 on April 12, 2012. This action is proceeding against Defendants
Ahlin, Brown, Craig, Wagoner, Lintz, Rogers, and Young for failing to
ensure that Plaintiff's medical needs were met, in violation of the
Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. On April 2, 2013, the
United States Marshal returned the summonses and USM-285 forms for
Defendants Ahlin, Rogers, Wagoner, and Lintz unexecuted.*fn1
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4(m) provides that
[i]f a defendant is not served within 120 days after the complaint is filed, the court -on motion or on its own after notice to the plaintiff - must dismiss the action without prejudice against that defendant or order that service be made within a specified time. But if the plaintiff shows good cause for the failure, the court must extend the time for service for an appropriate period.
In cases involving a plaintiff proceeding in forma pauperis, the United States Marshal, upon order of the Court, shall serve the summons and the complaint. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(d); Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(c)(3). Plaintiff "is entitled to rely on the U.S. Marshal for service of the summons and complaint and [he] should not be penalized by having his action dismissed for failure to effect service where the U.S. Marshal or the court clerk has failed to perform his duties." Walker v. Sumner, 14 F.3d 1415, 1422 (9th Cir. 1994) (internal quotations marks and citation omitted), abrogated on other grounds by Sandin v. Connor, 515 U.S. 472 (1995). "So long as the [plaintiff] has furnished the information necessary to identify the defendant, the marshal's failure to effect service is automatically good cause. . . ." Walker, 14 F.3d at 1422 (internal quotations and citation omitted). However, where a pro se plaintiff fails to provide the Marshal with accurate and sufficient information to effect service of the summons and complaint, the Court's sua sponte dismissal of the unserved defendants is appropriate. Walker, 14 F.3d at 1421-22.
Based on information provided by Coalinga State Hospital, Defendants Ahlin, Rogers, Wagoner, and Lintz are no longer employees, and the Marshal's Office appears to have exhausted the avenues available to it in attempting to locate and serve them. Walker, 14 F.3d at 1421-22. (Docs. 11-14.) Plaintiff shall be provided with an opportunity to show cause why Defendants Ahlin, Rogers, Wagoner, and Lintz should not be dismissed. Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(m). If Plaintiff either fails to respond to this order or responds but fails to show cause, Defendants Ahlin, Rogers, Wagoner, and Lintz shall be dismissed from this action.
Accordingly, based on the foregoing, it is HEREBY ORDERED that:
1. Within thirty (30) days from the date of service of this order, Plaintiff shall show cause why Defendants Ahlin, Rogers, Wagoner, and Lintz should not be dismissed from this action; and
2. The failure to respond to this order or the failure to show cause will result in the dismissal of Defendants Ahlin, Rogers, Wagoner, and Lintz from this action.