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Andrew Little v. Commissioner of Social Security

May 3, 2013

ANDREW LITTLE,
PLAINTIFF,
v.
COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL SECURITY, DEFENDANT.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Jennifer L. Thurston United States Magistrate Judge

ORDER DISCHARGING TO SHOW CAUSE (Doc. 4) ORDER GRANTING PLAINTIFF'S MOTION TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS (Doc. 2) ORDER DISMISSING PLAINTIFF'S COMPLAINT WITH LEAVE TO AMEND

Andrew Little ("Plaintiff") seeks to proceed pro se and in forma pauperis with an action for judicial review of a determination of the Social Security Administration. Pending before the Court are the complaint (Doc. 1) and an application to proceed in forma pauperis (Doc. 2) filed by Plaintiff on March 27, 2013. (Docs. 1-2).

I. Background

On April 1, 2013, the Court noted Plaintiff's affidavit in support of his motion to proceed in forma pauperis failed to provide sufficient information for the Court to make a determine whether Plaintiff satisfies the requirements of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a). (Doc. 3). Accordingly, the Court ordered Plaintiff to file an amended motion to proceed in forma pauperis within fourteen days of the date of service of the order. Id. Plaintiff failed to respond to the Court's order, and on April 18, 2013, the 2 Court issued an order to show cause why the action should not be dismissed. (Doc. 4). 3 On April 25, 2013, Tamara Little, Plaintiff's mother, filed a letter to the Court asserting she has "been the sole support" for Plaintiff for the past four and a half years. (Doc. 5). In addition, Ms. Little 5 reported Plaintiff "does not work and does not receive money from any other source." Id. 6

II. Proceeding in forma pauperis 7

The Court may authorize the commencement of an action without prepayment of fees "but a person who submits an affidavit that includes a statement of all assets such person . . . possesses [and] 9 that the person is unable to pay such fees or give security therefor." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a). The Court has reviewed Plaintiff's application with the supplemental information provided by Ms. Little, and has determined that Plaintiff satisfied the requirements of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a). Accordingly, Plaintiff's motion to proceed in forma pauperis is GRANTED.

III. Screening Requirement

When an individual seeks to proceed in forma pauperis, the Court is required to review the complaint and shall dismiss a complaint, or portion of the complaint, if it is "frivolous, malicious or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted; or . . . seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief." 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b); 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2). A claim is frivolous "when the facts alleged rise to the level of the irrational or the wholly incredible, whether or not there are judicially noticeable facts available to contradict them." Denton v. Hernandez, 504 U.S. 25, 32-33 (1992).

IV. Pleading Standards

General rules for pleading complaints are governed by the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. A pleading must include a statement affirming the court's jurisdiction, "a short and plain statement of the claim showing the pleader is entitled to relief; and . . . a demand for the relief sought, which may include relief in the alternative or different types of relief." Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a).

A complaint must give fair notice and state the elements of the plaintiff's claim in a plain and succinct manner. Jones v. Cmty Redevelopment Agency, 733 F.2d 646, 649 (9th Cir. 1984). The purpose of the complaint is to give the defendant fair notice of the claims against him, and the grounds upon which the complaint stands. Swierkiewicz v. Sorema N.A., 534 U.S. 506, 512 (2002). The 2 Supreme Court noted, 3 Rule 8 does not require detailed factual allegations, but it demands more than an unadorned, the-defendant-unlawfully-harmed-me accusation. A pleading that offers labels and conclusions or a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not do. Nor does a complaint suffice if it tenders naked assertions devoid of further factual enhancement.

Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S. Ct. 1937, 1949 (2009) (internal quotation marks and citations omitted). Vague 8 and conclusory allegations do not support a cause of action. Ivey v. Board of Regents, 673 F.2d 266, 9268 (9th Cir. 1982). The Court clarified further,

[A] complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to "state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face." [Citation]. A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged. [Citation]. The plausibility standard is not akin to a "probability requirement," but it asks for more than a sheer possibility that a defendant has acted unlawfully. [Citation]. Where a complaint pleads facts that are "merely consistent with" a defendant's liability, it "stops short of the line between possibility and plausibility of 'entitlement to relief.'

Iqbal, 129 S. Ct. at 1949 (citations omitted). When factual allegations are well-pled, a court should assume their truth and determine whether the facts would make the plaintiff entitled to relief; conclusions in the pleading are not entitled to the same assumption of truth. Id. The Court may grant leave to amend a complaint to the extent deficiencies of the complaint ...


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