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Paul Winfield v. Jacob Adams

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA


May 13, 2013

PAUL WINFIELD, PLAINTIFF,
v.
JACOB ADAMS, DEFENDANT.

ORDER AND FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Plaintiff is a state prisoner proceeding without counsel in an action brought under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. To proceed with a civil action a plaintiff must pay the filing fee required by 28 U.S.C. § 1914 or request leave to proceed in forma pauperis and submit the affidavit and trust account statement required by 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a). Plaintiff has informed the court that he "will send . . . the forma pauperis papers in about three weeks" and that he "can't afford to pay the fileing [sic] fee." Dckt. No. 2. As discussed below, however, the court finds that plaintiff is not eligible to proceed in forma pauperis.

A prisoner may not proceed in forma pauperis, if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury.

28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). On at least three prior occasions, plaintiff has brought actions while incarcerated that were dismissed as frivolous, malicious, or for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. See (1) Winfield v. Suliven, 2:01-cv-0828 LKK EFB P (E.D. Cal. Apr. 16, 2008) (order dismissing action for failure to state a claim);(2) Winfield v. Downing, 2:06-cv-0391 GEB JFM P (E.D. Cal. Mar. 16, 2007) (order dismissing action for failure to state a claim); and (3) Winfield v. Katcher, 2:03-cv-2064 GEB GGH P (E.D. Cal. June 24, 2005) (order dismissing action for failure to state a claim). See also Winfield v. Rappoport, 2:12-cv-2387 GGH P, 2012 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 141978 (E.D. Cal. Oct. 1, 2012)(order designating plaintiff as a three strikes litigant under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g)); Winfield v. Schwarzenegger, 2:09-cv-0636 KJN P, 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 6981 (E.D. Cal. Jan. 25, 2011) (same); Winfield v. Seagull, 2:13-cv-0647 AC, Dckt. No. 3 (Apr. 8, 2013 Order) (same, and noting that since 1991, plaintiff has filed at least 32 civil rights cases in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California).

Further, it does not appear that plaintiff was under imminent threat of serious physical injury when he filed the complaint. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g); Andrews v. Cervantes, 493 F.3d 1047, 1055 (9th Cir. Cal. 2007) (section 1915(g) imminent danger exception applies where complaint makes a "plausible" allegation that prisoner faced imminent danger of serious physical injury at the time of filing). In the complaint, plaintiff seeks $50 million in damages (and no injunctive relief) based on allegations that defendant Adams forced plaintiff to take a psychotropic drug, to which plaintiff is allergic. Dckt. No. 1.*fn1 Plaintiff's scant allegations do not plausibly demonstrate that he suffered from imminent danger of serious physical injury at the time he filed his complaint. Thus, the imminent danger exception does not apply.

Accordingly, it is hereby ORDERED that the Clerk of the Court shall randomly assign a United States District Judge to this action.

Further, it is hereby RECOMMENDED that this action be dismissed without prejudice to re-filing upon pre-payment of the $400 filing fee. See 28 U.S.C. §§ 1914(a), 1914 (District Court Miscellaneous Fee Schedule, No. 14), 1915(g).

These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within fourteen days after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written objections with the court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a document should be captioned "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." Failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court's order. Turner v. Duncan, 158 F.3d 449, 455 (9th Cir. 1998); Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).


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