June 24, 2013
ABRAHAM ELIJAH SANCHEZ, Petitioner,
WARDEN FOULK, Respondent.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER DISMISSING PETITION WITHOUT PREJUDICE AND WITH LEAVE TO AMEND
ANDREW J. WISTRICH, Magistrate Judge.
On June 18, 2013, petitioner filed a document entitled "Motion for Stay and Abeyance to Exhaust Remedies..." Petitioner seeks an order granting him time to perform legal research and "study the facts from the additional claims" he has found. [Motion at 1]. Liberally construing the document as a habeas petition, it is subject to summary dismissal.
As pleaded, the petition does not identify the conviction or sentence petitioner challenges. It also does not present any claims for relief, or state whether petitioner has exhausted his state remedies with respect to any potential claim. See 28 U.S.C. §2254(b)(1)(A) ("an application for a writ of habeas corpus on behalf of a person in custody pursuant to the judgment of a State court shall not be granted unless it appears that the applicant has exhausted the remedies available in the courts of the State.").
To the extent that petitioner seeks application of statutory or equitable tolling to any future federal petition he may elect to file, see 28 U.S.C. §2244(d)(2); Holland v. Florida , 130 S.Ct. 2549, 2562 (2010), such a request is premature. Petitioner has not yet filed a proper federal petition challenging his conviction or sentence. Further, at this stage, whether the state will raise the defense of the statute of limitation pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §2244(d) if petitioner does file a federal petition is purely speculative. The timeliness of any federal petition properly filed by petitioner should be considered if and when petitioner files such a petition. Thus, the issue of petitioner's entitlement to the application of statutory or equitable tolling is not ripe for determination.
Finally, although this Court has discretion to stay mixed habeas petitions to allow the petitioner to exhaust his state remedies, see Rhines v. Webber , 544 U.S. 269, 277-278 (2005), it does not have discretion to stay a petition containing only unexhausted claims. Raspberry v. Garcia , 448 F.3d 1150, 1154 (9th Cir. 2006) ("Once a district court determines that a habeas petition contains only unexhausted claims, it need not inquire further as to the petitioner's intentions. Instead, it may simply dismiss the habeas petition for failure to exhaust.").
The petition filed by petitioner is dismissed without prejudice and with leave to amend. Petitioner shall have twenty-eight (28) days from the date of this order within which to file an amended habeas petition on the forms provided by the clerk. The amended petition shall bear case number CV 13-4363-JFW(AJW) and shall set forth each of petitioner's claims for relief. It also shall indicate which claims have been presented to the California Supreme Court and which have not. At the time he files his petition, he also may file a motion to stay the petition pending exhaustion of state remedies.
Petitioner is cautioned that failure to timely comply with this order will result in dismissal of this action without prejudice.
It is so ordered.