June 28, 2013
MICHAEL ANTHONY NELSON, Petitioner,
RANDY L. TEWS, Warden, Respondent.
ORDER FOR FURTHER BRIEFING ON MOOTNESS AND REMEDIES ISSUES
EDWARD M. CHEN, District Judge.
Michael Anthony Nelson, an inmate at the Federal Detention Center in Dublin ("FDC-Dublin"), filed a pro se petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 to challenge the decision of the Bureau of Prisons ("BOP") to reject his request for placement in a residential reentry center ("RRC"). Mr. Nelson raises a substantial claim that he did not receive the individualized consideration to which he was entitled under 18 U.S.C. §§ 3621(b) and 3624(c), and instead was categorically rejected due to his status as a holdover/detainee inmate when he was told that, "as a result of [his] pending criminal charges in the Northern District of California, staff determined [he] would not be considered for RRC placement at that time." Docket # 8-1, p. 28; see also Docket # 8-1, p. 25 ("Pretrial, holdover, or detainee inmates are ineligible for RRC placement.") The Court's analysis of the petition would be greatly aided by additional briefing and evidence from the parties concerning two issues.
In their briefs, the parties disagree as to whether the petition has become moot due to Mr. Nelson's completion of the prison sentence imposed by the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. Respondent contends that, since the prison sentence has been completed, the BOP no longer has authority to decide where Mr. Nelson should be housed. Mr. Nelson responds that his claim falls within the capable-of-repetition-yet-evading-review exception to the mootness doctrine because the existence of other pending criminal charges will cause him to again be subjected to the same improper decision-making by the BOP. He has pled guilty pursuant to a plea agreement that contemplates another prison sentence for him; he is awaiting sentencing in this district. See Docket # 95, # 96, p. 7, and # 100 in United States v. Nelson, N.D. Cal. No. CR 10-244 EMC. Mr. Nelson urges that he will again have the same status ( i.e., he will be a holdover/detainee inmate) when the BOP next considers him for RRC placement because there are arrest warrants from a state court in Georgia and a detainer from the Northern District of Illinois. The Court wants more information about those assertions. First, it is unclear whether the arrest warrants actually are outstanding. While Mr. Nelson suggests in his traverse that they are outstanding, he earlier presented evidence indicating that the warrants have expired. Compare Docket # 10, p. 25 (traverse) with Docket # 5, pp. 20 (August 4, 2011 letter from court support manager at the Magistrate Court of Fulton County Criminal Warrants Division stating: "Your warrants are expired due to statute of limitations.") Second, Mr. Nelson urges that there is a detainer from the Northern District of Illinois, but the nature of the detainer is unclear. The parties are requested to present additional argument and/or evidence clarifying (1) whether there are arrest warrants from the state court in Georgia that will result in Mr. Nelson being considered to be a holdover/detainee inmate by the BOP; (2) the nature of the detainer from the Northern District of Illinois; and (3) whether the detainer from the Northern District of Illinois will result in Mr. Nelson being considered to be a holdover/detainee inmate by the BOP. The evidence and arguments should attempt to aid the Court in determining whether the petition fits within the capable-of-repetition-yet-evading-review exception to the mootness doctrine.
The Court also needs more information about the remedies that may be available if a violation of Mr. Nelson's federal rights is found. In his habeas petition, Mr. Nelson asks the Court to order the BOP to (1) evaluate Mr. Nelson for placement in an RRC without excluding him just because he is a detainee/holdover inmate and (2) immediately transfer him to an RRC for a 12-month placement. See Docket # 1, p. 18. Neither the answer nor the traverse discuss at any length the issue of possible remedies. The parties must file supplemental briefs addressing the potential remedies available. The Court is particularly interested in obtaining the parties' views on injunctive relief, i.e., whether a habeas court may issue an injunction disallowing future rejection of RRC placement based solely on Mr. Nelson being a holdover/detainee inmate; whether such an injunction would bind the BOP as well as the warden at FDC-Dublin; and whether the BOP can be joined as a real party in interest if it otherwise would not be bound by an injunction.
The Court now sets this briefing schedule: No later than July 12, 2013, Respondent must file and serve a supplemental brief with any relevant evidence to address the issues in this order. No later than August 2, 2013, Petitioner must file and serve a supplemental opposition brief with any relevant evidence to address the issues in this order. Each party's supplemental legal argument may not exceed fifteen pages in length.
Plaintiff's motion to exceed the page limits on the traverse is GRANTED. (Docket # 10.) The traverse has been filed.
IT IS SO ORDERED.