August 21, 2013
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff,
JAMES S. KALFSBEEK, Defendant.
ALLISON CLAIRE, Magistrate Judge.
Petitioner James S. Kalfsbeek is a federal prisoner proceeding in pro per. He seeks relief under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 from his conviction for conspiracy, mail fraud, wire fraud, and money laundering. For the reasons explained below, the court now orders limited supplemental briefing on petitioner's claims of ineffective assistance of counsel.
The § 2255 motion was filed on August 16, 2012. ECF No. 432. The government answered, ECF No. 438, and petitioner filed a traverse, ECF No. 448. By order filed January 9, 2013, the undersigned denied the government's motion for a finding that petitioner had waived attorney-client privilege, without prejudice to renewal in a motion for discovery pursuant to Rule 6 of the Rules Governing Section 2255 Proceedings. ECF No. 456. No such motion has been filed. The undersigned also denied petitioner's requests for appointment of counsel and for discovery. Id.
The government, in its answer, seeks supplemental briefing on petitioner's claims that he was denied effective assistance by his trial and appellate lawyers. The supplemental briefing contemplated by respondent would address the issue of counsel's performance, on the basis of declarations to be obtained from petitioner's prior counsel pursuant to the requested waiver. ECF No. 438 at 1-2, 21-22. As noted, however, the court declined to find at this stage of the proceeding that petitioner's ineffective assistance claim effected a blanket waiver of privilege. See ECF No. 456. In any case, disputed facts regarding the performance of trial counsel are not the starting point for evaluation of the § 2255 motion.
To establish a constitutional violation based on ineffective assistance of counsel, petitioner must show (1) that counsel's representation fell below an objective standard of reasonableness, and (2) that counsel's deficient performance prejudiced the defense. Strickland v. Washington , 466 U.S. 668, 692, 694 (1984). Prejudice means that the error actually had an adverse effect on the defense. There must be a reasonable probability that, but for counsel's errors, the result of the proceeding would have been different. Id. at 693-94. The court need not address both prongs of the Strickland test if the petitioner's showing is insufficient as to one prong. Strickland , 466 U.S. at 697. "If it is easier to dispose of an ineffectiveness claim on the ground of lack of sufficient prejudice, which we expect will often be so, that course should be followed." Id.
If the court finds that petitioner's allegations are sufficient to support both prongs of the Strickland test, "a district court must grant a hearing to determine the validity of a petition brought under section 2255, [u]nless the motions and the files and records of the case conclusively show that the prisoner is entitled to no relief.'" United States v. Blaylock , 20 F.3d 1458, 1465 (9th Cir. 1994) (quoting 28 U.S.C. § 2255). In other words, an evidentiary hearing is required if (1) a petitioner alleges specific facts, which, if true would entitle him to relief; and (2) the petition, files, and record of the case cannot conclusively show that the petitioner is entitled to no relief. United States v. Howard , 381 F.3d 873, 877 (9th Cir. 2004). No hearing is necessary if the petitioner's allegations, viewed against the record, fail to state a claim for relief or "are so palpably incredible or patently frivolous as to warrant summary dismissal." United States v. McMullen , 98 F.3d 1155, 1159 (9th Cir. 1996), cert. denied, 520 U.S. 1269 (1997).
Pursuant to these authorities, there will be no need for fact-finding regarding the performance of trial or appellate counsel if petitioner's allegations fail to support the prejudice prong of Strickland. The parties have not briefed prejudice. The court's consideration of petitioner's ineffective assistance claims, and determination whether summary dismissal is warranted or whether an evidentiary hearing may be necessary, would be assisted by briefing on the matter. The questions to be briefed are as follows:
1. Assuming the truth of petitioner's allegations regarding trial counsel's performance, see ECF No. 432 (§ 2255 Motion) at 13-14, is there is a reasonably likelihood of a different trial outcome had counsel moved to exclude (and/or objected to) evidence regarding the "Sovereign Citizen" philosophy? In other words, would such a motion have been granted (or objections sustained), and if so would exclusion of the evidence have affected the verdict?
2. Again assuming the truth of petitioner's allegations regarding trial counsel's performance, see ECF No. 432 at 14-15, is there is a reasonable likelihood of a different trial outcome had counsel moved to exclude (and/or objected to) evidence regarding petitioner's past lies in "an earlier and unrelated court proceeding"?
3. Do petitioner's allegations regarding trial counsel's failure to seek a favorable plea agreement, see ECF No. 432 at 14, state a claim under Strickland?
4. Had appellate counsel raised the prosecutorial misconduct issue identified in Ground Two, is there a reasonable likelihood that the conviction would have been reversed on appeal?
The court does not require briefing regarding petitioner's allegations that trial counsel failed generally to investigate, prepare and present a defense, see ECF No. 432 at 14.
The parties are cautioned to restrict supplemental briefing to the issue whether petitioner's ineffective assistance allegations state a claim for relief under Strickland, with emphasis on the prejudice prong. See Strickland , 466 U.S. at 697. Argument and authorities that exceed the scope of this order will be disregarded.
For the reasons stated, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED as follows:
1. Respondent shall file a supplemental brief consistent with this order within thirty days;
2. Petitioner shall respond within thirty days thereafter.