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Joe Hand Promotions, Inc. v. Garl

United States District Court, Ninth Circuit

September 3, 2013



JENNIFER L. THURSTON, Magistrate Judge.

Joe Hand Promotions, Inc. ("Plaintiff") seeks an award of attorneys' fees and costs pursuant to 47 U.S.C. § 553. (Doc. 24). Defendant Klarke Anthony Garl, individually and doing business as Nile Bar and Grill ("Defendant") has not opposed the motion.[1]

Having reviewed the motion and supporting documents, the Court finds the matter suitable for decision without oral argument. Accordingly, the matter is taken under submission pursuant to Local Rule 230(g), and the hearing date of September 10, 2013 is VACATED. For the following reasons, the Court recommends Plaintiff's motion be GRANTED IN PART.

I. Factual and Procedural History

Plaintiff asserted it possessed the exclusive rights to the nationwide commercial distribution of "Ultimate Fighting Championship 129: Georges St-Pierre v. Jake Shields" ("the Program"), televised on April 30, 2011. (Doc. 1 at 4). Plaintiff alleged Defendant intercepted and broadcast the Program without obtaining permission from Plaintiff. Id. at 3. Accordingly, Plaintiff filed its complaint against Defendant on April 27, 2012, alleging violations of 47 U.S.C. § 605, et seq.; 47 U.S.C. § 533, et seq.; and the California Business and Professions Code § 17200, et seq. Also, Plaintiff alleged Defendant was liable for wrongful conversion of property, arising under California State law. Id. at 4-9.

Defendant was properly served with the First Amended Complaint, but failed to respond within the time prescribed by the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Upon application of Plaintiff, default was entered against Defendant pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 55(a) for the failure to answer on September 18, 2012. (Docs. 7-8). Plaintiff filed an application for default judgment (Doc. 13), which was granted in part by the Court on July 4, 2013. (Docs. 20, 22). Accordingly, judgment was entered in favor of Plaintiff. (Doc. 23).

The Court ordered Plaintiff to "file any application for attorney fees and costs pursuant to 47 U.S.C. § 605 no later than fourteen days from the entry of judgment." (Doc. 22 at 6). On August 7, 2013, Plaintiff filed a motion for attorneys' fees and pursuant to 47 U.S.C. § 553, which is now pending before the Court.[2] (Doc. 24). Plaintiff's Counsel, Thomas Riley, filed an amended declaration in support of the motion on August 29, 2013. (Doc. 27).

II. Legal Standard

The Court has the discretion to award reasonable attorneys' fees and costs to an aggrieved party under 47 U.S.C. § 553(c)(2)(C).[3] The Ninth Circuit utilizes a "lodestar" method to compute reasonable attorneys' fees, which represents the number of hours reasonable expended multiplied by a reasonable hourly rate. Ferland v. Conrad Credit Corp., 244 F.3d 1145, 1149 n.4 (9th Cir. 2001) (citing Caudle v. Bristow Optical Co., Inc., 224 F.3d 1014, 1028 (9th Cir. 2000); Morales v. City of San Rafael, 96 F.3d 359, 363 (9th Cir. 1996)). Consequently, "counsel bears the burden of submitting detailed time records justifying the hours claimed to have been expended." Chalmers v. City of Los Angeles, 796 F.2d 1205, 1210 (9th Cir. 1986) (citing Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 433 (1983)). If the documentation of hours is inadequate, or if the hours expended are excessive and unnecessary, the Court may reduce the number of hours claimed. Chalmers, 796 F.2d at 1210; Hensley, 461 U.S. at 433.

III. Discussion and Analysis

A. Attorneys' Fees

Plaintiff requests an award of fees in the amount of $3, 000.00. (Doc. 24 at 5). Plaintiff's counsel, Thomas Riley, reports that his firm spent 14.75 hours in this action, from the preparation of a file and initial demand letter to the filing of the motion now pending before the Court. (Riley Amend. Decl. Exh. 1, Doc. 27 at 5-8). This amount includes 2.45 hours for Mr. Riley at a rate of $450.00 per hour, 4.00 hours for a paralegal at a rate of $150.00 per hour, and 5.30 hours for an administrative assistant at a rate of $75.00 per hour, and 3.00 hours for an unidentified "research attorney" at the rate of $300.00 per hour. Id. at 8. According to Mr. Riley, he and his administrative assistant each "worked 2.13 hours at no charge." Id.

1. Number of hours expended

As an initial matter, the records indicate Plaintiff seeks fees for the filing and service of documents by an administrative assistant. Such clerical tasks are not compensable because they are subsumed in firm overhead costs. Nadarajah v. Holder, 569 F.3d 906, 921 (9th Cir. 2009). The Ninth Circuit explained that "[w]hen clerical tasks are billed at hourly rates, the court should reduce the hours requested to account for the billing errors." Id. (citing Davis v. City and County of San Francisco, 976 F.2d 1536, 1545-46 (9th Cir. 1992)); see also Junes v. Metro. Life Ins. Co., 845 F.Supp.2d 1016, 1027 (N.D. Cal. 2012) (disallowing recovery for "filing or retrieving electronic court documents").

Further, the timesheet indicates the administrative assistant and Mr. Riley completed several duplicative tasks. For example, on February 5, 2012, both the administrative assistant and Mr. Riley spent 0.15 hour on "Initial File Review and File Preparation." (Doc. 27 at 5). On March 15, 2012, the administrative assistant conducted "Public Records Research and Review of Defendant Klarke Anthony Garl" for 0.15 hour. Id. Mr. Riley seeks 0.15 hour for the same task, on the same day. Id. Further, the time records indicate both Mr. Riley and the administrative assistant spent 0.10 hour on October 5, 2013 in "Review of Notice Filed by Defendant Klarke Anthony Garl" and 0.10 hour on July 24, 2013 for "Review of Judgment against Defendant Klarke Anthony Garl." Id. at 6-7. Accordingly, the Court recommends time not be awarded for the tasks completed by the administrative assistant given the clerical and duplicative nature of the tasks.

2. Hourly rate

To determine whether the hourly rates requested are reasonable, the Court must examine the prevailing market rates in the relevant community for similar services by "lawyers of reasonably comparable skill, experience and reputation." Hensley, 461 U.S. at 433; Davis, 976 F.2d at 1545-46. In general, the relevant community is the forum of the District Court with jurisdiction over the matter. Davis v. Mason County, 927 F.2d 1473, 1488 (9th Cir. 1991). Accordingly, the Court must determine whether the hourly rates requested are reasonable within the Eastern District.

The Ninth Circuit explained: "To inform and assist the court in the exercise of its discretion, the burden is on the fee applicant to produce satisfactory evidence-in addition to the attorney's own affidavits-that the requested rates are in line with those prevailing in the community for similar services by lawyers of reasonably comparable skill, experience and reputation." Dang v. Cross, 422 F.3d 800, 814 (9th Cir. 2005). Here, Mr. Riley asserts the "rates for legal, administrative, and paralegal time are well within the prevailing market rates for the Central District of California." (Riley Decl. ¶ 6, Doc. 27 at 2). However, the Central District is not the relevant community. See Jadwin v. County of Kern, 767 F.Supp.2d 1069, 1129 (E.D. Cal. 2011) (where a case is tried in the Fresno Division of the Eastern District of California, "[t]he Eastern District of California, Fresno Division, is the appropriate forum to establish the lodestar hourly rate...").

Because Mr. Riley failed to carry his burden to identify evidence that his hourly rate is comparable to those in the relevant forum, there is no evidence before the Court that the hourly rates requested are in line with wages of those practicing this community. Nevertheless, previously, this Court has determined that $350 per hour is a reasonable hourly rate for "(very) experienced and skilled trial counsel" within the Fresno Division of the Eastern District. Jadwin, 767 F.Supp.2d at 1132; see also Moreau v. Daily Independent, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 29085, 2013 WL 796621 at *3 (E.D. Cal. Mar. 1, 2013) (approving a rate of $350 for attorneys with more than 20 years of experience). Thus, the reasonable hourly rate for an attorney of Mr. Riley's experience is $350.

Plaintiff also requests an hourly rate of $150 per hour for the work performed by a paralegal and $300 per hour for an unidentified research attorney. (Doc. 27 at 2). However, there is no evidence of the research attorney's experience, and the rates requested are not in line with the hourly wages of paralegals within the Fresno Division. This Court has determined that $150 per hour is the "established rate" for associate attorneys, and "$75 for paralegals [is] reasonable for litigation performed in this district." Moreau, 2013 WL 796621 at *3. Accordingly, the hourly rate for the paralegal and research attorney should be reduced to be in accord with the amount determined to be reasonable by the Court.

B. Costs

Plaintiff requests an award of costs in the amount of $1, 119.50. (Doc. 24 at 5). This amount includes investigative expenses ($600.00), the Court filing fee ($350.00), and the service of process charges ($169.50). (Doc. 27 at 8). However, Plaintiff's pre-filing investigation costs are not recoverable. See Koppinger v. Cullen-Schiltz & Assocs., 513 F.2d 901, 911 (8th Cir. 1975) (certain costs were not recoverable because they were "purely investigative in nature"); Kaiser Industries Corp. v. McLouth Steel Corp., 50 F.R.D. 5, 13 (E.D. Mich. 1970) (finding preliminary investigations were not recoverable); see also Joe Hand Promotions, Inc. v. Be, 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 124057, 2011 WL 5105375, at *7 (N.D. Cal. Oct. 26, 2011) (denying the plaintiff's request for $500.00 in investigative costs); Joe Hand Promotions, Inc. v. White, 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 148057, 2011 WL 6749061 (N.D. Cal. Dec. 6, 2011) (same). Consequently, the Court recommends Plaintiff be awarded costs only for the filing fee and service charges, totaling $519.50.

IV. Findings and Recommendations

The Court finds an award of fees and costs is appropriate for Plaintiff as an aggrieved party under 47 U.S.C. § 553. However, as set forth above, the amount of time expended on the action appeared excessive given the clerical and duplicative tasks by the administrative assistant, although the hours expended by Mr. Riley and his paralegal appear reasonable. Further, the hourly wages requested by Mr. Riley are not comparable with wages in the Fresno Division of the Eastern District. Therefore, the Court recommends the fee award be reduced to $1607.50-which represents 4.00 hours at a rate of $75 per hour for the paralegal, 3.00 hours at a rate of $150 per hour for the research attorney, and 2.45 hours at a rate of $350.00 for Mr. Riley. Further, Plaintiff has identified compensable to costs in the amount $519.50, which brings the total awarded to $2, 127.00.

Based upon the foregoing, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED:

1. Plaintiff's motion for attorneys' fees and costs (Doc. 14) be GRANTED IN PART in the modified amount of $2, 127.50.

These Findings and Recommendations are submitted to the United States District Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and Rule 304 of the Local Rules of Practice for the United States District Court, Eastern District of California. Within fourteen days of the date of service of these Findings and Recommendations, any party may file written objections with the court. Such a document should be captioned "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." The parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court's order. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).


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