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Aniceto v. Foulk

United States District Court, Ninth Circuit

September 9, 2013

ISMAEL ROSALES ANICETO, Petitioner,
v.
WARDEN FOULK, Respondent.

ORDER

KENDALL J. NEWMAN, Magistrate Judge.

Petitioner is a state prisoner proceeding without counsel. On September 3, 2013, petitioner, assisted by another inmate, filed a request for appointment of counsel. Petitioner claims that he suffers from a language barrier because he cannot speak English. Petitioner speaks only Spanish. Petitioner did not attend school in the United States, and has had no legal studies in or outside prison. Although petitioner can access the law library, all of the materials are written in English, which petitioner cannot read, and the inmates who could help petitioner with his case cannot speak Spanish. Petitioner states that his language barrier prevents him from gaining any understanding of the legal system to help himself, and prevents him from filing his federal petition.

On March 4, 2011, petitioner was convicted of attempted murder, allowing another to shoot from a car, active participation in a criminal street gang, and assault with a firearm, and various enhancements were found true. (ECF No. 1 at 2.) On September 1, 2011, petitioner was sentenced on count four to the middle term of three years, plus ten years for the gang enhancement, and four years for the gun enhancement. (ECF No. 1 at 21.) Petitioner was then sentenced to a consecutive term on count one to life in prison, with a minimum period of parole of 7 years, plus twenty years for the gun enhancement. No punishment was imposed for the gun enhancement. Sentencing for counts two and three were stayed. (Id.)

Petitioner filed an appeal in the California Court of Appeal for the Third Appellate District, raising four claims: 1) introduction of evidence that petitioner claimed a gang during the booking interview violated his constitutional rights against self-incrimination and to due process of law; 2) the natural and probable consequence theory of aiding and abetting liability is inapplicable because there is no evidence showing that the actual shooter (Paniagua) participated in the target offense of assault; 3) there was insufficient evidence to support a finding that the attempted murder was the natural and probable consequence of the earlier assault; and 4) the trial court erred by imposing two enhancements for a single criminal event. (ECF No. 1 at 24-65.)

The Court of Appeals found that the trial court erred in imposing two enhancements for the same criminal offense; thus, one enhancement should be stricken, and the case was remanded for re-sentencing. People v. Aniceto, 2013 WL 1174562 (Cal.App. 3 Dist., March 22, 2013). The Court of Appeals affirmed petitioner's conviction in all other respects.

Petitioner's filing does not reflect how or whether his sentence was revised by the San Joaquin County Superior Court following petitioner's appeal.

Petitioner filed a petition for review in the California Supreme Court, which was denied on June 12, 2013. (ECF No. 1 at 69.)

Here, petitioner seeks to file an application for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Petitioner has not filed a petition or paid the filing fee or submitted an application to proceed in forma pauperis. In order to commence an action, petitioner must file a petition for writ of habeas corpus as required by Rule 3 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 cases, and petitioner must either pay the required filing fee or file an application requesting leave to proceed in forma pauperis. See 28 U.S.C. §§ 1914(a), 1915(a).

However, in light of the complexity of the legal issues involved, as well as petitioner's unique circumstances, the court has determined that the interests of justice require appointment of counsel. See 18 U.S.C. § 3006A(a)(2)(B); see also Weygandt v. Look , 718 F.2d 952, 954 (9th Cir. 1983).

Inasmuch as there is no petition on file, and the statute of limitations period continues to run, [1] counsel shall file a petition for writ of habeas corpus forthwith, but in no event later than thirty days from the date of this order, and advise the court whether additional time is required, i.e., to seek leave to amend petitioner's claims, prior to service on respondent. The undersigned expressly makes no finding as to the timeliness of petitioner's federal petition, which has not yet been filed. The Clerk of the Court is directed to send petitioner an application to proceed in forma pauperis, which petitioner shall complete and file within thirty days.

Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:

1. The Federal Defender is appointed to represent petitioner.

2. The Clerk of the Court is directed to serve a copy of the September 3, 2013 motion and this order on David Porter, Assistant Federal Defender.

3. Counsel shall file a petition for writ of habeas corpus no later than thirty days from the date of this order, and advise the court whether additional time is required prior to service on respondent.

4. Petitioner shall submit, within thirty days from the date of this order, an affidavit in support of his request to proceed in forma pauperis on the form provided, or the $5.00 filing fee.

5. The Clerk of the Court is directed to send petitioner an Application to Proceed In Forma Pauperis By a Prisoner, at his address of record in Susanville, California.


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