September 23, 2013
SHAYON ASCARIE, et al., Plaintiffs,
NATIONWIDE MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY, Defendant.
ORDER DENYING REQUEST TO VACATE DISMISSAL
(Docket No. 85)
JEFFREY S. WHITE, District Judge.
On July 17, 2013, the Court received a letter from Plaintiff Mahmoud Ascarie ("Dr. Ascarie"), who is proceeding pro se, which the Court construed as a motion to vacate the dismissal entered in this case on May 17, 2013. The Court has considered all of the papers the parties have submitted in support of their position on this request, relevant legal authority, and the record in this case, and it finds the matter suitable for disposition without oral argument. See N.D. Civ. L.R. 7-1(b).
The parties voluntarily dismissed this case pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(a)(1)(A)(ii). (Docket No. 86.) Dr. Ascarie is the only plaintiff who now seeks to vacate the dismissal. "[A] dismissal under Rule 41(a)(1) is effective on filing, no court order is required, the parties are left as though no action had been brought, the defendant can't complain, and the district court lacks jurisdiction to do anything about it." Commercial Space Management v. Boeing Co., Inc., 193 F.3d 1074, 1078 (9th Cir. 1999); but see Kalt v. Hunter, 66 F.3d 1002, judgment or proceeding from which relief under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 60(b) can be granted). Accordingly, the Court DENIES Dr. Ascarie's request to vacate the dismissal on this basis.
To the extent the Court would have jurisdiction to consider the request pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 60(b), the Court also concludes that the request should be denied. Rule 60(b)(6) permits a court to grant relief from a judgment "for any other reason that justifies relief." A Rule 60(b) motion must be made within a "reasonable time." Rule 60(c)(1). Dr. Ascarie has not set forth facts showing "extraordinary circumstances" that would warrant relief under Rule 60(b)(6). See Pioneer Investment Services Co. v. Brunswick Associates Ltd. Partnership, 507 U.S. 380, 393 (1993); United States v. Alpine Land & Reservoir Co., 984 F.2d 1047, 1049 (9th Cir. 1993). Accordingly, the Court also DENIES the request on that basis.
The only other provision of Rule 60(b) that might apply to this case is Rule 60(b)(3) permits a court to vacate an order based on "fraud (whether previously called intrinsic or extrinsic), misrepresentation, or misconduct by an opposing party." The Court concludes that he has not met his burden to show that the stipulation of dismissal was procured by fraud or by misrepresentation by Defendant's counsel or that the alleged fraud precluded him from "fully and fairly presenting his case" against Defendant. See Keys v. Dunbar, 405 F.2d 955, 957-58 (9th Cir. 1969). Accordingly, the Court DENIES the request on that basis as well.
Defendant has requested that the Court award attorneys' fees, pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 11. Defendant has not complied with Rule 11(c)(2), and its request is denied on that basis. Further, the Court declines to issue an Order to Show Cause to Dr. Ascarie to show cause why sanctions should be imposed under Rule 11. The Court also, in the exercise of its discretion, declines to grant the request for attorneys' fees as part of its inherent powers.
IT IS SO ORDERED.