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United States v. Salinas

United States District Court, Ninth Circuit

October 24, 2013

MARIA ESPERANZA SALINAS, a/k/a Grumpy, Defendant.

MELINDA HAAG (CABN 132612), United States Attorney, J. DOUGLAS WILSON (DCBN 412811), Chief, Criminal Division, CASEY O'NEILL (NYBN 4715363), Special Assistant United States Attorney, San Jose, CA, Attorneys for the United States of America.


LUCY H. KOH, District Judge.

With the agreement of the parties who have thus far appeared in this action and with the consent of defendant Maria Esperanza Salinas ("defendant"), the Court enters the following Order.

Defendant is charged with a violation of 21 U.S.C. §§ 841(a)(1) and 841(b)(1)(B)(viii), Possession with Intent to Distribute, and Distribution of, Methamphetamine. Per defendant's Rule 16 request, the United States will produce to defense counsel documents and audio and video recordings pertaining to the defendant and the charged drug transaction (the "DISCOVERY MATERIALS"), in lieu of making further DISCOVERY MATERIALS available for review only. The DISCOVERY MATERIALS are deemed produced pursuant to the following restrictions:

1. Except when actively being examined for the purpose of the preparation of the defense of defendant, the DISCOVERY MATERIALS shall be maintained in a locked or otherwise secure drawer, cabinet, safe or password-protected electronic device (e.g., computer, memory stick), which is accessible only to defense counsel, members of his or her law firm who are working with him or her to prepare defendant's defense, and his or her investigator(s). Defense counsel, members of his or her law firm, defendant, and the investigator(s) shall not permit any person access of any kind to the DISCOVERY MATERIALS except as set forth below.

2. The following individuals may examine the DISCOVERY MATERIALS for the sole purpose of preparing the defense of defendant and for no other purpose:

a) counsel for defendant;
b) members of defense counsel's law office or other individuals working with defense counsel who are assisting with the preparation of defendant's defense, including experts retained or consulted by defense counsel;
c) defendant, but only in the presence of defense counsel or another authorized person listed in this paragraph (defendant may not take or maintain the DISCOVERY MATERIALS or copies thereof, except this restriction shall not apply to the materials at Bates Nos. USA_SAL000044 - USA_SAL000048, and defense counsel reserves the right to propose that additional materials be exempted from this restriction, which materials shall be exempted only if the Government consents or the Court so orders);
d) investigators retained by defendant to assist in the defense of this matter; and
e) any other attorney, support staff or prospective witness, but only insofar as defense counsel reasonably deems it necessary to review or discuss the materials with such a person to afford the defendant effective assistance of counsel.

If defense counsel determines that additional persons are needed to review the DISCOVERY MATERIALS, he or she must obtain a further order of the Court before allowing any other individual to review the materials.

3. A copy of this Order shall be maintained with the DISCOVERY MATERIALS at all times.

4. All individuals other than defendant and defense counsel and employees of defense counsel who receive access to the DISCOVERY MATERIALS, prior to receiving access to the materials, shall sign a copy of this Order acknowledging that:

a) they have reviewed the Order;
b) they understand its contents;
c) they agree that they will only access the DISCOVERY MATERIALS for the purposes of preparing a defense for defendant; and
d) they understand that failure to abide by this Order may result in sanctions by this Court.

Counsel for defendant shall maintain signed copies of the Order with the original discovery materials, and will make copies of the same available to the United States upon request.

5. No other person shall be allowed to examine the DISCOVERY MATERIALS without further order of the Court. Examination of the DISCOVERY MATERIALS shall be done in a secure environment which will not expose the materials to other individuals not listed above.

6. The DISCOVERY MATERIALS may be duplicated to the extent necessary to prepare the defense of this matter. Any duplicates will be treated as originals in accordance with this Order.

7. If the DISCOVERY MATERIALS are attached to any pleadings or other court submissions, the DISCOVERY MATERIALS and any pleadings or submissions referencing those materials shall either be filed with reasonable redactions, or, if reasonably necessary, lodged under seal as has occurred once already in this action.

8. Subject to any applicable California State Bar requirements or other ethical requirements restraining defense counsel, the defense team shall return the DISCOVERY MATERIALS (and any duplicate copies of the same) to the United States sixty calendar days after any one of the following events, whichever is latest in time, occurs: dismissal of all charges against the particular defendant; that defendant's acquittal by court or jury; expiration of the time for filing a Notice of Appeal; or the conclusion of any direct appeal on that defendant's behalf. In the alternative, within the same time frame, defense counsel may destroy the DISCOVERY MATERIALS and send the United States notice that the materials have been destroyed.

9. After the conclusion of proceedings in the district court or any direct appeal in the above-captioned case, the United States will maintain a copy of the DISCOVERY MATERIALS. The United States will maintain the DISCOVERY MATERIALS until the time period for filing a motion pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255 has expired. After the statutory time period for filing such a motion has expired, the United States may destroy the DISCOVERY MATERIALS. In the event defendant is represented by counsel and files a motion pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255, the United States will provide that counsel with a copy of the DISCOVERY MATERIALS under the same restrictions as trial and direct appeal defense counsel. Defendant's counsel in any action under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 shall return the same materials fourteen calendar days after the district court's ruling on the motion or fourteen calendar days after the conclusion of any direct appeal of the district court's denial of the motion, whichever is later.

10. While the defendant does not agree that the materials the government attached as exhibits to a previously filed motion [docket 14 or 15] constitute "discovery" within the meaning of Rule 16, defense counsel hereby agrees to apply the above restrictions to those documents.

IT IS SO ORDERED that disclosure of the above-described materials shall be restricted as set forth above.

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