PROTECTIVE ORDER ENTERED PURSUANT TO THE PARTIES' STIPULATION
MARGARET A. NAGLE, Magistrate Judge.
Pursuant to Rule 26(c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and based on the parties' Stipulated Protective Order Exhibit "A" ("Stipulation") filed on October 25, 2013, the terms of the protective order to which the parties have agreed are adopted as a protective order of this Court (which generally shall govern the pretrial phase of this action) except to the extent, as set forth below, that those terms have been substantively modified by the Court's amendment of paragraphs II(1)(e), II(2), II(3), V(1), V(2), VI(2), VIII(2), and VIII(3) of, and Exhibit A to, the Stipulation.
The parties are expressly cautioned that the designation of any information, document, or thing as Confidential, Confidential - Attorneys' Eyes Only, or other designation(s) used by the parties, does not, in and of itself, create any entitlement to file such information, document, or thing, in whole or in part, under seal. Accordingly, reference to this Protective Order or to the parties' designation of any information, document, or thing as Confidential, Confidential - Attorneys' Eyes Only, or other designation(s) used by the parties, is wholly insufficient to warrant a filing under seal.
There is a strong presumption that the public has a right of access to judicial proceedings and records in civil cases. In connection with non-dispositive motions, good cause must be shown to support a filing under seal. The parties' mere designation of any information, document, or thing as Confidential, Confidential - Attorneys' Eyes Only, or other designation(s) used by parties, does not - without the submission of competent evidence, in the form of a declaration or declarations, establishing that the material sought to be filed under seal qualifies as confidential, privileged, or otherwise protectable - constitute good cause.
Further, if sealing is requested in connection with a dispositive motion or trial, then compelling reasons, as opposed to good cause, for the sealing must be shown, and the relief sought shall be narrowly tailored to serve the specific interest to be protected. See Pintos v. Pacific Creditors Ass'n , 605 F.3d 665, 677-79 (9th Cir. 2010). For each item or type of information, document, or thing sought to be filed or introduced under seal in connection with a dispositive motion or trial, the party seeking protection must articulate compelling reasons, supported by specific facts and legal justification, for the requested sealing order. Again, competent evidence supporting the application to file documents under seal must be provided by declaration.
Any document that is not confidential, privileged, or otherwise protectable in its entirety will not be filed under seal if the confidential portions can be redacted. If documents can be redacted, then a redacted version for public viewing, omitting only the confidential, privileged, or otherwise protectable portions of the document, shall be filed. Any application that seeks to file documents under seal in their entirety should include an explanation of why redaction is not feasible.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this Protective Order, in the event that this case proceeds to trial, all information, documents, and things discussed or introduced into evidence at trial will become public and available to all members of the public, including the press, unless sufficient cause is shown in advance of trial to proceed otherwise.
THE PARTIES ARE DIRECTED TO REVIEW CAREFULLY AND ACT IN COMPLIANCE WITH ALL ORDERS ISSUED BY THE HONORABLE CORMAC J. CARNEY, UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE, INCLUDING THOSE APPLICABLE TO FILINGS UNDER SEAL.
TERMS OF PROTECTIVE ORDER
I. DESIGNATING PROTECTED MATERIAL
Any Party or Third-Party may determine in good faith whether any Material should be designated as "CONFIDENTIAL" ("Designating Party"). However, such good faith belief must be based on the fact that such information has not been made public and the Designating Party must have a good faith belief that if such information is disclosed it will have the effect of causing harm to a Party's competitive position or otherwise impinge upon a Party's right to privacy.
Parties and Third-Parties shall also have the right to designate as "CONFIDENTIAL" material produced, served, or provided by other Parties or Third-Parties, in which case the Designating Party shall notify the other Parties and/or Third-Parties of the Material that should be treated as "CONFIDENTIAL, " pursuant to this Protective Order. Any Material, or any part thereof, designated as "CONFIDENTIAL" shall be used only for the preparation and trial of this action, including discovery, pre-trial proceedings, trial, appellate proceedings and petitions for reconsideration and/or review, and shall not be used for any business, commercial, or other purpose. Except as otherwise provided in this Protective Order, or as otherwise stipulated or ordered, any Material that a Party or Third-Party deems "CONFIDENTIAL" must be clearly so designated. Designation in conformity with this Protective Order requires the following:
1. For Material in documentary form (apart from transcripts of depositions or other pretrial or trial proceedings), the Designating Party producing the documents shall affix the legend "CONFIDENTIAL" at the top or bottom or by watermarking of each page of a document that contains Confidential Information. The Designating Party that makes original documents available for inspection need not designate them for protection under this Protective Order until after the inspecting Party has indicated which documents it would like copied and produced. During the inspection and before the designation, all documents made available for inspection shall be deemed "CONFIDENTIAL-ATTORNEYS' EYES ONLY." After the inspecting Party has identified the documents it wants copied and produced, the Designating Party must determine which documents qualify for protection under this Protective Order; then, before producing the specified documents, the producing Party must affix the legend "CONFIDENTIAL" to each page of the documents that contain Confidential Information. If, after production, a Party or Third-Party designates as "CONFIDENTIAL" documents not previously designated, then any Party in possession of such documents shall designate the documents as such in accordance with this Protective Order.
2. For testimony given in deposition, the Designating Party shall identify either: (a) on the record before the close of the deposition; or (b) within 20 days after receiving the transcript of such deposition, all portions of the testimony that it wants to designate as "CONFIDENTIAL." Only those portions of the testimony that are designated for protection during the deposition, or within the 20 days after receipt of the transcript of such testimony, shall be covered by the provisions of this Protective Order. The court reporter shall affix to the top or bottom of each page of a transcript containing Confidential Information the legend "CONFIDENTIAL" as instructed by a Designating Party's instructions. For testimony given in pretrial, ...