November 25, 2013
HSBC BANK USA, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, Plaintiff,
FRANCISCO RIOS, ET AL, Defendants.
ORDER SUMMARILY REMANDING IMPROPERLY-REMOVED ACTION
GEORGE H. KING, Chief District Judge.
The Court will remand this unlawful detainer action to state court summarily because it has been removed improperly.
On July 16, 2013, defendants Francisco Rios and Marina Rios, having been sued in what appeared to be a routine unlawful detainer action in California state court, lodged a Notice of Removal of that action to this Court and also presented an application to proceed in forma pauperis. (See HSBC Bank USA v. Rios, et al.; Case No. EDCV 13-1246-UA (DUTYx).) On August 2, 2013, the Court denied defendants' application to proceed in forma pauperis and remanded the action to state court.
On September 17, 2013, defendants lodged with the Court a second Notice of Removal of the same underlying action, which, again, appeared to be a routine unlawful detainer action in California state court. Defendants presented an application to proceed in forma pauperis which the Court denied on September 27, 2013, remanding the action to state court.
On November 20, 2013, defendants lodged with the Court a third Notice of Removal of the same underlying action, which, again, appears to be a routine unlawful detainer action in California state court. Defendant Francisco Rios has also presented an application to proceed in forma pauperis. The Court has denied the latter application under separate cover because the action was not properly removed. To prevent the action from remaining in jurisdictional limbo, the Court issues this Order to remand the action to state court.
As previously noted, plaintiff could not have brought this action in federal court in the first place, in that defendants do not competently allege facts supplying either diversity or federal-question jurisdiction, and therefore removal is improper. 28 U.S.C. § 1441(a); see Exxon Mobil Corp v. Allapattah Svcs., Inc. , 545 U.S. 546, 563, 125 S.Ct. 2611, 162 L.Ed.2d 502 (2005). Even if complete diversity of citizenship exists, the amount in controversy does not exceed the diversity-jurisdiction threshold of $75, 000. See 28 U.S.C. §§ 1332, 1441(b). On the contrary, the unlawful-detainer complaint recites that the amount in controversy does not exceed $10, 000.
Nor does plaintiffs unlawful detainer action raise any federal legal question. See 28 U.S.C. §§ 1331, 1441(b).
Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED that (1) this matter be REMANDED to the Superior Court of California, San Bernardino County, 14455 Civic Drive, Suite 100, Victorville, CA 92392, for lack of subject matter jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c); (2) that the Clerk send a certified copy of this Order to the state court; and (3) that the Clerk serve copies of this Order on the parties.
IT IS SO ORDERED.