United States District Court, C.D. California
January 23, 2014
PUBLIC GUARDIAN CONSERVATOR FOR SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY CONSERVATOR FOR THOMAS W. LEE JR., Plaintiff,
MARI LEE TORRES, et al., Defendants.
ORDER SUMMARILY REMANDING IMPROPERLY-REMOVED ACTION
GEORGE H. KING, Chief District Judge.
The Court will remand this unlawful detainer action to state court summarily because defendant removed it improperly.
On January 21, 2014, defendant Mahri Torres Hashem El Bey, having been sued in what appears to be a routine unlawful detainer action in California Superior Court, lodged a Complaint for Removal of that action to this Court, and also presented an application to proceed in forma pauperis. The Court has denied the latter application under separate cover because the action was not properly removed. To prevent the action from remaining in jurisdictional limbo, the Court issues this Order to remand the action to state court.
Simply stated, plaintiff could not have brought this action in federal court in the first place, in that defendant does not competently allege facts supplying either diversity or federal question jurisdiction, or supplying jurisdiction due to denial of civil rights, and therefore removal is improper. 28 U.S.C. §§ 1441(a), 1443; see Exxon Mobil Corp v. Allapattah Svcs., Inc., 545 U.S. 546, 563, 125 S.Ct. 2611, 162 L.Ed.2d 502 (2005). First, although defendant hints at federal question jurisdiction, as described in more detail in the Order Denying Defendant's Request to Proceed Without Prepayment of Filing Fee, because the unlawful detainer action to be removed does not actually raise the federal claims to which defendant points, there is no basis to assert federal question jurisdiction. See 28 U.S.C. §§ 1331, 1441. Second, defendant also suggests diversity jurisdiction as her basis for removal, but because the amount in controversy does not exceed $75, 000 and there is no factual allegation supporting diversity of citizenship, there is no basis to assert diversity jurisdiction. See 28 U.S.C. §§ 1332, 1441. And third, defendant's assertion of removal jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1443 is baseless, as she has not satisfied either prong of the two-part test required for removal under § 1443(1). See Patel v. Del Taco, Inc., 446 F.3d 996, 999 (9th Cir. 2006).
Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED that: (1) this matter be REMANDED to the Superior Court of California, San Bernardino County, Fontana Judicial District, 17780 Arrow Boulevard, Fontana, CA 92335, for lack of subject matter jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c); (2) that the Clerk send a certified copy of this Order to the state court; and (3) that the Clerk serve copies of this Order on the parties.