United States District Court, N.D. California
February 24, 2014
MARSHALL LOSKOT and YVONNE WILLIAMS, Plaintiffs,
EL CERRITO GALLERIA; CAROLYN GAN, Trustee of THE TRUST OF PAUL GAN and CAROLYN GAN, dated 12/16/91; DEANNA MICHELLE GAN; KRISTIN A. GAN; TERESA GAN HAVTON; SANDRA COLLEEN GAN; INDER P. PAHWA; and SATINDER K. PAHWA, Defendants.
ORDER GRANTING DEFENSE COUNSEL'S AMENDED MOTION TO WITHDRAW AS COUNSEL OF RECORD (Dkt. No. 19)
KANDIS A. WESTMORE, Magistrate Judge.
Presently, Defendants Inder P. Pahwa and Satinder K. Pahwa are represented by attorney Leonard H. Watkins of Genser & Watkins LLP. On January 13, 2014, counsel moved to withdraw. (Dkt. No. 19.) Counsel states that, for over six months, his clients have been uncooperative in the defense of this action, have failed to communicate with counsel, and have failed to perform their obligations under the attorney client retention agreement. (Decl. of Leonard H. Watkins, "Watkins Decl., " Dkt. No. 20 ¶ 3.) Counsel served copies of his motion on Defendants via U.S. Mail. (Proof of Service, Dkt. No. 19 at 4.)
Defendants did not file an opposition to counsel's motion to withdraw. Plaintiffs, however, filed a declaration in opposition Mr. Watkins' motion. (Decl. of Thomas E. Frankovich in Opp'n to Mot. to be Relieved as Counsel, "Frankovich Decl., " Dkt. No. 21.) Mr. Frankovich, however, did not appear at the hearing.
The Court held a hearing on the motion on February 20, 2014. Leonard H. Watkins appeared at the hearing, as did Defendant Satinder Pahwa, who consented to Mr. Watkins' withdrawal.
Under Civil Local Rule 11-5(a), "[c]ounsel may not withdraw from an action until relieved by order of Court after written notice has been given reasonably in advance to the client and to all other parties who have appeared in the case." The local rules further provide that if the client does not consent to the withdrawal and no substitution of counsel is filed, the motion to withdraw shall be granted on the condition that all papers from the court and from the opposing party shall continue to be served on that party's current counsel for forwarding purposes until the client appears by other counsel or pro se if the client is not a corporate defendant. Civil L.R. 11-5(b).
Withdrawal is governed by the California Rules of Professional Conduct. See Nehad v. Mukasey, 535 F.3d 962, 970 (9th Cir. 2008) (applying California Rules of Professional Conduct to attorney withdrawal). Under California Rule of Professional Conduct 3-700(C), an attorney may request permission to withdraw if the client breaches an agreement or obligation to its counsel as to expenses or fees, or if the client engages in "other conduct [that] renders it unreasonably difficult for the member to carry out the employment effectively, " such as a client's failure to communicate with its attorney. Cal. Rules of Prof'l Conduct R. 3-700(C)(1)(d).
The Court has discretion regarding whether to grant a motion to withdraw; an attorney's request to withdraw should be denied "where such withdrawal would work an injustice or cause undue delay in the proceeding." Gong v. City of Alameda, No. C 03-05495 TEH, 2008 WL 160964, at *1 (N.D. Cal. Jan. 8, 2008) (no prejudice or undue delay to client where counsel provided sufficient notice of its intent to withdraw and where no trial date had yet been set in the case).
Plaintiffs oppose the motion to withdraw on the grounds that Defendants Inder P. Pahwa and Satinder K. Pahwa "have not provided sufficient information for plaintiffs to make service." (Frankovich Decl. at 2:6-12.) Plaintiffs contend that Defendants and Mr. Watkins have not been forthcoming and have failed to serve their Rule 26 initial disclosures, which Plaintiffs believe should include the address of the property management company, namely the unserved defendants. Id. at 2:18-23. First, this does not create an injustice or an undue delay relative to the motion to withdraw as filed by Mr. Watkins. Second, Plaintiffs appear to try to convert the opposition into a motion to compel Rule 26 disclosures, whereby they are attempting to obtain the addresses of the unserved defendants. Id. at 2:1-4. This is improper because Defendants would still be required to furnish this initial disclosures even if Mr. Watkins were to be relieved as counsel.
Mr. Watkins' reply to Plaintiffs' opposition contends that Plaintiffs lack any legal basis for their opposition, and, instead, provides that their "alleged discovery difficulties" are "consistent with the basis for this Motion". (Reply, Dkt. No. 22 at 2.) The Court agrees.
Despite Plaintiffs' opposition, the Court finds that good cause exists to grant counsel's motion to withdraw. Counsel has attested that Defendants "have been uncooperative in the defense of this action, have failed to communicate with counsel, and have failed to perform their obligations under the attorney client retention agreement." (Watkins Decl. ¶ 3.) These are independently valid grounds for withdrawal. Although Defendants have been served with counsel's motion to withdraw, they did not object to the motion, and Satinder Pahwa appeared at the hearing and consented to the withdrawal. Further, there has been no showing that withdrawal would work an injustice or cause undue delay. In fact, as Mr. Watkins stated, at the time of filing, Plaintiffs had not yet served the principal defendants, who are the owners of the El Cerrito Galleria. While Mr. Watkins' withdrawal may make discovery more challenging for Plaintiffs, that alone is not a sufficient reason to deny the motion. In fact, Defendants may obtain other counsel with whom they are more communicative, which could benefit Plaintiffs.
Accordingly, defense counsel's motion to withdraw is granted. Because Defendant Inder P. Pahwa has not consented to the withdrawal and no substitution of counsel has been filed, all papers from the court and from other parties shall continue to be served on defense counsel for forwarding purposes until a substitution of counsel is filed. See Civil L.R. 11-5(b). Defendant Satinder Pahwa, who consented to the withdrawal, has 21 days from the date of this order to enter an appearance in this action either as a pro se litigant or file a substitution of counsel.
IT IS SO ORDERED.