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Barron v. Chavez

United States District Court, C.D. California

March 26, 2014

TERRELL BARRON, Petitioner,
v.
FRANK X. CHAVEZ, Warden, Respondent.

ORDER SUMMARILY DISMISSING PETITION FOR WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS FOR LACK OF SUBJECT MATTER JURISDICTION

STEPHEN V. WILSON, District Judge.

On March 17, 2014, petitioner filed a Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus ("Petition") herein. It appears from the face of the Petition that it is directed to the same 2006 Los Angeles County Superior Court conviction as the prior habeas petition filed by petitioner in this Court on April 21, 2009, in CV 09-2756-SVW (DTB). On April 6, 2010, Judgment was entered in CV 09-2756-SVW (DTB), dismissing the petition with prejudice. Petitioner filed a notice of appeal from that Judgment on April 28, 2010. On January 20, 2012, the Ninth Circuit denied petitioner's request for certificate of appealability.[1]

The Petition now pending is governed by the provisions of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-132, 110 Stat. 1214) ("the Act") which became effective April 24, 1996. Section 106 of the Act amended 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b) to read, in pertinent part, as follows:

(1) A claim presented in a second or successive habeas corpus application under section 2254 that was presented in a prior application shall be dismissed.
(2) A claim presented in a second or successive habeas corpus application under section 2254 that was not presented in a prior application shall be dismissed unless-
(A) the applicant shows that the claim relies on a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on collateral review by the Supreme Court, that was previously unavailable; or
(B)(i) the factual predicate for the claim could not have been discovered previously through the exercise of due diligence; and
(ii) the facts underlying the claim, if proven and viewed in light of the evidence as a whole, would be sufficient to establish by clear and convincing evidence that, but for constitutional error, no reasonable factfinder would have found the applicant guilty of the underlying offense.
(3)(A) Before a second or successive application permitted by this section is filed in the district court, the applicant shall move in the appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider the application.

As with the 2013 Action, it appears that the Petition now pending constitutes a second and/or successive petition challenging the same conviction as petitioner's prior habeas petition in Case No. CV 09-2756-SVW (DTB), within the meaning of 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b). As such, it was incumbent on petitioner under§ 2244(b)(3)(A) to secure an order from the Ninth Circuit authorizing the District Court to consider the Petition, prior to his filing of it in this Court. Petitioner's failure to do so deprives the Court of subject matter jurisdiction. See Burton v. Stewart , 549 U.S. 147, 152-53, 127 S.Ct. 793, 166 L.Ed.2d 628 (2007); Cooper v. Calderon , 274 F.3d 1270, 1274 (9th Cir. 2001).

For the foregoing reasons, IT IS ORDERED that this action be summarily dismissed, pursuant to Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts.

LET JUDGMENT BE ENTERED ACCORDINGLY.


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