United States District Court, C.D. California
April 9, 2014
MYRLE APARTMENTS, LLC, Petitioner,
BRUCE COLLVER, LAUREN COLLVER, PATSY WATT, and DOES 1 through 25, Inclusive, Respondent.
ORDER SUMMARILY REMANDING IMPROPERLY-REMOVED ACTION
GEORGE H. KING, District Judge.
The Court will remand this unlawful detainer action to state court summarily because Defendant removed it improperly. Defendant Bruce Collver, Lauren Collver, Patsy Watt, and Does 1 through 25, having been sued in what appears to be a routine unlawful detainer action in California state court, lodged a Notice Of Removal and also presented an application to proceed in forma pauperis. The Court has denied the latter application under separate cover because the action was not properly removed.
To prevent the action from remaining in jurisdictional limbo, the Court issues this Order to remand the action.
Simply stated, this action could not have been originally filed in federal court because the complaint does not allege facts supporting either diversity or federal-question jurisdiction, and therefore removal is improper. 28 U.S.C. § 1441(a); see Exxon Mobil Corp v. Allapattah Svcs., Inc. , 545 U.S. 546, 563 (2005). Defendant's notice of removal only asserts that removal is proper based upon federal question jurisdiction. (Notice at 1, 4). However, a review of the Notice reveals that if any federal question exists, it exists only as an affirmative defense. (Notice at 2-5). Accordingly, the action cannot be removed to federal court. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc. v. Thompson , 478 U.S. 804, 808 (1986) ("[a] defense that raises a federal question is inadequate to confer federal jurisdiction.").
Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED that (1) this matter be REMANDED to the Superior Court of California, County Of Los Angeles, 275 Magnolia Ave, Long Beach, CA 90802, for lack of subject matter jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c); (2) that the Clerk send a certified copy of this Order to the state court; and (3) that the Clerk serve copies of this Order on the parties.
IT IS SO ORDERED.