United States District Court, E.D. California
April 16, 2014
HORACE MANN WILLIAMS, Plaintiff,
SICA, et al., Defendants.
ORDER CONVERTING DEFENDANTS' UNENUMERATED 12(B) MOTIONS TO DISMISS BASED ON EXHAUSTION TO MOTIONS FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT
ORDER DIRECTING PARTIES TO NOTIFY THE COURT WHETHER ADDITIONAL DISCOVERY IS
NEEDED WITHIN THIRTY (30) DAYS NOTICE AND WARNING OF REQUIREMENTS FOR OPPOSING
DEFENDANTS' SUMMARY JUDGMENT MOTION
DENNIS L. BECK, Magistrate Judge.
Plaintiff Horace Mann Williams ("Plaintiff") is a prisoner in the custody of the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation ("CDCR"). Plaintiff is proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis in this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff filed this action on May 4, 2012.
On May 13, 2013, the Court screened Plaintiff's First Amended Complaint ("FAC") and found cognizable claims against 1) Defendants Valdivia, Agu, Lopez, and Trimble for violation of the First Amendment; and 2) Defendants Marisol, Sica, Agu, Valdivia, and Lopez for violation of the Eighth Amendment. The Court dismissed all other claims and Defendants. (ECF No. 10.)
On October 9, 2013, Defendants Agu, Valdivia, Sica and Trimble filed a Motion to Dismiss on the grounds that the Complaint fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted and under the unenumerated provisions of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b) on the grounds that Plaintiff failed to exhaust administrative remedies before he filed suit. (ECF No. 22.) On March 26, 2014, Defendant Lopez filed a Motion to Dismiss on the grounds that Plaintiff failed to exhaust his available administrative remedies before he filed suit. (ECF No. 34.)
On April 3, 2014, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit issued a decision overruling Wyatt v. Terhune , 315 F.3d 1108, 1119 (9th Cir. 2003) with respect to the proper procedural device for raising the issue of administrative exhaustion. Albino v. Baca, No. 10-55702 , 2014 WL 1317141, at *1 (9th Cir. Apr. 3, 2014) (en banc). Following the decision in Albino, Defendants may raise the issue of exhaustion in either (1) a motion to dismiss pursuant to Rule 12(b)(6), in the rare event the failure to exhaust is clear on the face of the complaint, or (2) a motion for summary judgment. Albino , 2014 WL 1317141, at *4 (quotation marks omitted). An unenumerated Rule 12(b) motion is no longer the proper procedural device for raising the issue of exhaustion. Id.
Accordingly, pursuant to Albino, the Court now CONVERTS the exhaustion portions of Defendants' Motions to Dismiss into a Motion for Summary Judgment. Within thirty (30) days of the date of service of this order, the parties SHALL inform the Court whether any additional discovery is needed related to exhaustion, and if so, what type of discovery. Fed. R. Civ. Proc. 56(d).
Once the discovery issue is addressed, the Court will set a further briefing schedule for the Motion for Summary Judgment. The parties are relieved of their obligation to file a Separate Statement of Undisputed Facts.
The Court hereby notifies Plaintiff of the following rights and requirements for opposing the motion:
1. A motion for summary judgment is a request for judgment on some or all of Plaintiff's claims in favor of Defendants without trial. Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(a). Defendants' motion sets forth the facts which they contend are not reasonably subject to dispute and that entitle them to judgment as a matter of law. Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(c).
2. Plaintiff has the right to oppose a motion for summary judgment. To oppose the motion, Plaintiff must show proof of his claims. Plaintiff may agree with the facts set forth in Defendants' motion but argue that Defendants are not entitled to judgment as a matter of law.
In the alternative, if Plaintiff does not agree with the facts set forth in Defendants' motion, he may show that Defendants' facts are disputed in one or more of the following ways: (1) Plaintiff may rely upon statements made under the penalty of perjury in the complaint or the opposition if (a) the complaint or opposition shows that Plaintiff has personal knowledge of the matters stated and (b) Plaintiff calls to the Court's attention those parts of the complaint or opposition upon which Plaintiff relies; (2) Plaintiff may serve and file declarations setting forth the facts which Plaintiff believes prove his claims; (3) Plaintiff may rely upon written records but Plaintiff must prove that the records are what he claims they are; or (4) Plaintiff may rely upon all or any part of the transcript of one or more depositions, answers to interrogatories, or admissions obtained in this proceeding. Should Plaintiff fail to contradict Defendants' motion with declarations or other evidence, Defendants' evidence will be taken as truth, and final judgment may be entered without a full trial. Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(e).
3. If discovery has not yet been opened or if discovery is still open and Plaintiff is not yet able to present facts to justify the opposition to the motion, the Court will consider a request to postpone consideration of Defendants' motion. Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(d). Any request to postpone consideration of Defendants' motion for summary judgment must include the following: (1) a declaration setting forth the specific facts Plaintiff hopes to elicit from further discovery, (2) a showing that the facts exist, and (3) a showing that the facts are essential to opposing the motion for summary judgment. Blough v. Holland Realty, Inc. , 574 F.3d 1084, 1091 n.5 (9th Cir. 2009); Tatum v. City and County of San Francisco , 441 F.3d 1090, 1100-01 (9th Cir. 2006); State of California v. Campbell , 138 F.3d 772, 779 (9th Cir. 1998). The request to postpone the motion for summary judgment must identify what information is sought and how it would preclude summary judgment. Blough , 574 F.3d at 1091 n.5; Tatum , 441 F.3d at 1100-01; Margolis v. Ryan , 140 F.3d 850, 853 (9th Cir. 1998); Local Rule 260(b).
4. Unsigned declarations will be stricken, and declarations not signed under penalty of perjury have no evidentiary value.
IT IS SO ORDERED.