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United States v. Ohayon

United States District Court, N.D. California

May 23, 2014

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Plaintiff,
v.
MICHAEL OHAYON, Defendant.

ORDER DENYING URGENT MOTION FOR AN EXTENSION OF SELF-SURRENDER DATE

CHARLES R. BREYER, District Judge.

Defendant Michael Ohayon has filed an Urgent Motion for an Extension of Self-Surrender Date (dkt. 253) (hereinafter "Motion" or "Mot."). The Motion argues that if Defendant's self-surrender date of June 13, 2014 is not extended, he will suffer irreparable harm and will not be able to fully assist in his own defense. See generally id. The Court finds this matter suitable for resolution without oral argument or further briefing, VACATES the hearing set for June 4, 2014, and DENIES the Motion.

I. BACKGROUND

On May 26, 2010, Defendant pled guilty pursuant to a plea agreement. Plea Agreement (dkt. 25). Pursuant to that Agreement, Defendant agreed to plead guilty to bank fraud, among other things. Id . ¶ 1. He agreed that the loss amount for all of his fraudulent conduct was more than $7 million but less than $20 million. Id . ¶ 2f. He agreed to waive his right to appeal his conviction and sentence, except if he received a sentence in excess of 135 months. Id . ¶ 4. He also agreed to a Guideline calculation based on a loss amount greater than $7 million, and agreed that the adjusted offense level of the applicable Guidelines would be between 27 and 31. Id . ¶ 7 and n.1. And he expressly agreed that his plea was knowing and voluntary. Id . ¶ 23. On August 29, 2012, the Court sentenced Defendant for the first time, giving him until January 4, 2013 to self-surrender. Minutes (dkt. 145).

Defendant filed a series of post-conviction motions, which prompted the Court first to extend, and then to vacate, the surrender date. Minutes (dkt. 186) (extending to March 5, 2013); Minutes (Dkt. 201) (vacating). Defendant filed, and the Court granted, a Motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2255. See 2255 Motion (dkt. 207); Minutes (dkt. 227) (granting). At the time it granted Defendant's 2255 Motion, the Court advised Defendant that "his surrender date at time of sentencing will be set for 6/13/2014 (as requested by the defendant)." Minutes (dkt. 227). The June 13, 2014 surrender date was set only after the Court had initially set a surrender date of May 2, 2014, and Defendant had asked to see his children through the school year, which ended on June 12, 2014. Opp'n to Mot. at 3. The Court explained at the time that it tries to accommodate people, and that this would be the last extension. See Opp'n to Mot. at 3-4.

II. LEGAL STANDARD

Release pending appeal from a criminal conviction is governed by 18 U.S.C. § 3143(b), which provides in part:

... the judicial officer shall order that a person who has been found guilty of an offense and sentenced to a term of imprisonment, and who has filed an appeal... be detained, unless he judicial officer finds-
(A) by clear and convincing evidence that the person is not likely to flee or pose a danger...; and
(B) that the appeal is not for the purpose of delay and raises a substantial question of law or fact likely to result in
(i) reversal,
(ii) an order for a new trial,
(iii) a sentence that does not include a term of imprisonment, or
(iv) a reduced sentence to a term of imprisonment less than the total of the time already served plus the expected ...

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