United States District Court, S.D. California
ORDER DENYING MOTION FOR PARTIAL RECONSIDERATION OF ORDER APPROVING RECEIVER'S SEVENTH INTERIM REPORT
(ECF NO. 560)
GONZALO P. CURIEL, District Judge.
On February 25, 2014, this Court issued its Order Approving the Receiver's Seventh Interim Report ("Approval Order"). (ECF No. 549.) Among other things, the Court ordered that:
1. Western's land parcels, as identified in Exhibit D to the Receiver's Seventh Interim Report, shall be listed for sale with a licensed broker. If and when reasonable offers are made on the parcels, the Receiver shall seek approval of such sales via a noticed motion.
2. Schooler is reminded that he is prohibited from interfering, directly or indirectly, with the Receiver's performance of his duties. The Court notes that the letter Schooler apparently sent to investors, attached as Exhibit C to the Receiver's Seventh Interim Report, demonstrates, in the Court's view, an effort by Schooler to guide and influence the actions and perceptions of investors in these proceedings. These apparent efforts weigh against a finding of investor independence and in favor of a finding that investors have relied, and continue to rely, on Schooler to make decisions regarding their investments.
(Id. at 1-2.)
On March 24, 2014, Schooler filed a motion for reconsideration of the Approval Order, (ECF No. 560), which has been fully briefed, (ECF No. 577, 578, 585). In his Motion for Reconsideration, Schooler contends the Approval Order: (1) permanently deprives Western of its property interests without due process, and (2) violates Schooler's First Amendment rights to free speech and association by prohibiting communications "with his fellow investors." (ECF No. 560.)
District courts have the discretion to reconsider interlocutory rulings until a final judgment is entered. Fed.R.Civ.P. 54(b); United States v. Martin, 226 F.3d 1042, 1048-49 (9th Cir. 2000). While the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure do not set forth a standard for reconsidering interlocutory rulings, the "law of the case" doctrine and public policy dictate that the efficient operation of the judicial system requires the avoidance of re-arguing questions that have already been decided. See Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe of Indians v. Hodel, 882 F.2d 364, 369 n.5 (9th Cir. 1989).
As such, most courts adhere to a fairly narrow standard by which to reconsider their interlocutory rulings. This standard requires that the party show: (1) an intervening change in the law; (2) additional evidence that was not previously available; or (3) that the prior decision was based on clear error or would work manifest injustice. Id .; Marlyn Natraceuticals, Inc. v. Mucos Pharma GmbH & Co., 571 F.3d 873, 880 (9th Cir.2009); Sch. Dist. No. 1J v. ACandS, Inc., 5 F.3d 1255, 1263 (9th Cir.1993).
Reconsideration is an "extraordinary remedy, to be used sparingly in the interests of finality and conservation of judicial resources." Kona Enters., Inc. v. Estate of Bishop, 229 F.3d 877, 890 (9th Cir. 2000). "A motion for reconsideration is not an opportunity to renew arguments considered and rejected by the court, nor is it an opportunity for a party to re-argue a motion because it is dissatisfied with the original outcome.'" FTC v. Neovi, Inc., 2009 WL 56130, at *2 (S.D. Cal. Jan. 7, 2009) (quoting Devinsky v. Kingsford, 2008 WL 2704338, at *2 (S.D.N.Y. July 10, 2008)).
In addition to these substantive standards, Civil Local Rule 7.1.i.1 requires a party moving for reconsideration to submit an affidavit or certified statement of an attorney
setting forth the material facts and circumstances surrounding each prior application, including inter alia: (1) when and to what judge the application was made, (2) what ruling or decision or order was made thereon, and (3) what new or different facts and circumstances are claimed to exist which did not exist, or were not shown, upon such prior application.
Rule 7.1.i.2 provides that "any motion or application for reconsideration must be filed within twenty-eight (28) days after the entry of the ruling, order or judgment sought to be reconsidered."
Here, Schooler has not provided the affidavit or certified statement required by Civil Local Rule 7.1.i.1. This is a sufficient basis on which to deny Schooler's Motion for Reconsideration. See Neovi, Inc., 2009 WL 56130, at *2.
Still, considering the merits of Schooler's arguments, the Court finds no basis for granting the "extraordinary remedy" of reconsideration. Schooler does not assert that new facts exist or that a change in controlling law occurred. Rather, Schooler asserts the Approval Order was ...