United States District Court, E.D. California
JAGJEEVAN K. DHALIWAL AND MOHINDER S. GILL, Plaintiffs,
KS CHANDI & SONS, INC., et. al., Defendants.
MEMORANDUM DECISION AND ORDER RE PLAINTIFFS' MOTION FOR PARTIAL SUMMARY JUDGMENT (DOC. 54)
LAWRENCE J. O'NEILL, District Judge.
I. PRELIMINARY STATEMENT TO PARTIES AND COUNSEL
Judges in the Eastern District of California carry the heaviest caseloads in the nation, and this Court is unable to devote inordinate time and resources to individual cases and matters. Given the shortage of district judges and staff, this Court addresses only the arguments, evidence, and matters necessary to reach the decision in this order. The parties and counsel are encouraged to contact the offices of United States Senators Feinstein and Boxer to address this Court's inability to accommodate the parties and this action. The parties are required to reconsider consent to conduct all further proceedings before a Magistrate Judge, whose schedules are far more realistic and accommodating to parties than that of U.S. District Judge Lawrence J. O'Neill, who must prioritize criminal and older civil cases.
Civil trials set before Judge O'Neill trail until he becomes available and are subject to suspension mid-trial to accommodate criminal matters. Civil trials are no longer reset to a later date if Judge O'Neill is unavailable on the original date set for trial. Moreover, this Court's Fresno Division randomly and without advance notice reassigns civil actions to U.S. District Judges throughout the nation to serve as visiting judges. In the absence of Magistrate Judge consent, this action is subject to reassignment to a U.S. District Judge from outside the Eastern District of California.
This case concerns a dispute between the parties' involvement in purchasing gas stations. Doc. 14, First Amended Complaint ("FAC") at 5. Plaintiffs Jagjeevan K. Dhaliwal and Mohinder S. Gill (collectively, "Plaintiffs") allege that they loaned money to Defendant Nirmal Singh, who allegedly promised to invest the money in two companies, Defendants Chandi Brothers, LLC ("Chandi Brothers") and KS Chandi & Sons ("KS Chandi") (collectively, "the corporations" or "Defendants").
Disputes between the parties arose over the use of the money, the purchase and sale of the gas stations, and the parties' respective debts and obligations to one another. Plaintiffs subsequently filed this suit, alleging twelve causes of action against Defendants. Plaintiffs' tenth cause of action seeks an involuntary dissolution of KS Chandi under California Corporation Code § 1800 ("§ 1800") "on the ground that Defendants... are guilty of or have knowingly persistent and pervasive intentional fraud, mismanagement or abuse of authority or persistent unfairness toward Plaintiffs who are shareholders or the corporations." FAC ¶ 138. Plaintiffs claim that "liquidation is necessary for the protection of the rights or interests of Plaintiffs." Id. ¶ 139.
In conjunction with their motion for summary judgment, Plaintiffs filed a motion to exclude in which they argued that Defendants "should be precluded from introducing any evidence or witnesses in support of their claims and defenses." Doc. 82 (Magistrate Judge Order) at 6; see also Doc. 60 at 1. Plaintiffs asserted that Defendants' failure to comply with the initial disclosure requirements of Fed.R.Civ.P. 26(a) ("Rule 26(a)") warranted the exclusion of essentially all of Defendants' evidence from the record. Doc. 82 at 6.
The Magistrate Judge denied Plaintiffs' motion. Id. at 11. The Magistrate Judge found that Defendants' failure to disclose the subject matter contained in Mr. Singh's declaration technically violated Rule 26(a), but found that it caused no harm or prejudice to Plaintiffs. Id. The Magistrate Judge noted that Plaintiffs "waited until after discovery was closed to raise the issue of an incomplete and insufficient initial disclosure statement." Id. at 10 (emphasis in original). Thus, the Magistrate Judge found that "[a]ny prejudice or harm accruing from the inadequate disclosures was compounded, in no small part, by Plaintiffs' lack of attention to the progress of the litigation." Id.
Currently pending before the Court is Plaintiffs' motion for partial summary judgment on its tenth cause of action. (Doc. 54). For the reasons discussed below, the Court DENIES the motion.
III. STANDARD OF DECISION
Summary judgment is appropriate when the pleadings, disclosure materials, discovery, and any affidavits provided establish that "there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law." Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(a). A material fact is one that may affect the outcome of the case under the applicable law. See Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 248 (1986). A dispute is genuine "if the evidence is such that a reasonable trier of fact could return a verdict in favor of the nonmoving party." Id.
The party seeking summary judgment "always bears the initial responsibility of informing the district court of the basis for its motion, and identifying those portions of the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any, which it believes demonstrate the absence of a genuine issue of material fact." Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323 (1986) (internal quotation marks omitted). The exact nature of this responsibility, however, varies depending on whether the issue on which summary judgment is sought is one in which the movant or the nonmoving party carries the ultimate burden of proof. See Soremekun v. Thrifty Payless, Inc., 509 F.3d 978, 984 (9th Cir. 2007); Cecala v. Newman, 532 F.Supp.2d 1118, 1132 (D. Ariz. 2007). If the movant will have the burden of proof at trial, it must demonstrate, with affirmative evidence, that "no reasonable trier of fact could find other than for the moving party." Soremekun, 509 F.3d at 984. In contrast, if the nonmoving party will have the burden of proof at trial, "the movant can prevail merely by pointing out that there is an absence of evidence to support the nonmoving party's case." Id. (citing Celotex, 477 U.S. at 323).
If the movant satisfies its initial burden, the nonmoving party must go beyond the allegations in its pleadings to "show a genuine issue of material fact by presenting affirmative evidence from which a jury could find in [its] favor." FTC v. Stefanchik, 559 F.3d 924, 929 (9th Cir. 2009) (emphasis in original). "[B]ald assertions or a mere scintilla of evidence" will not suffice in this regard. Id. at 929. See also Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. v. Zenith Radio Corp., 475 U.S. 574, 586 (1986) ("When the moving party has carried its burden under Rule 56(c), its opponent must do more than simply show that there is some metaphysical doubt as to the material facts.") (citation omitted). "Where the record as a whole could not lead a rational trier of ...