United States District Court, N.D. California, San Jose Division
July 18, 2014
JOHN MAYHEW, Plaintiff,
CAROLYN W. COLVIN, Acting Commissioner of Social Security, Defendant.
ORDER TERMINATING AS MOOT PLAINTIFF'S MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT; DIRECTING THE CLERK TO FILE THE PROPOSED AMENDED COMPLAINT; DIRECTING DEFENDANT TO ANSWER THE AMENDED COMPLAINT; SETTING A BRIEFING SCHEDULE FOR THE FILING OF CROSS-MOTIONS FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT; AND TERMINATING AS MOOT PLAINTIFF'S RENEWED MOTION TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS [Re: ECF 15, 16, 17]
BETH LABSON FREEMAN, District Judge.
This order addresses several documents filed by Plaintiff and modifies the case schedule.
I. ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEEDINGS
This action arises out of the Commissioner's decision that Plaintiff John Mayhew was overpaid benefits under Title II of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. § 401 et. seq. The Social Security Administration initially determined that Plaintiff had been overpaid in the amount of $16, 004.40. (Administrative Record ("AR") 10) The overpayments resulted from Plaintiff's receipt of benefits for months in which he was incarcerated for all or part of the month. (AR 11) The Code of Federal Regulations provides that, "No monthly benefits will be paid to any individual for any month any part of which the individual is confined in a jail, prison, or other penal institution or correctional facility for conviction of a felony." 20 C.F.R. § 404.468(a).
Plaintiff requested and was granted a hearing before an Administrative Law Judge ("ALJ"). (AR 10) Following the hearing, the ALJ issued a written decision concluding that Plaintiff was overpaid benefits because he received benefits for certain months in which he was incarcerated. (AR 11) However, the ALJ found that Plaintiff was overpaid in the amount of $8, 599.80 instead of the $16, 004.40 claimed by the Social Security Administration. (AR 13) The ALJ determined that Plaintiff did not have to repay $2, 140 of that amount because the corresponding checks were received by someone other than Plaintiff and cashed by means of forgery. (AR 14) The ALJ concluded that Plaintiff had to repay a total of $6, 459.80. ( Id. ) The ALJ found that recovery of the overpayment could not be waived because Plaintiff was not without fault in causing the overpayment. ( Id. ) The Appeals Council denied Plaintiff's request for review, rendering the ALJ's decision the final decision of the Commissioner. (AR 4)
II. THIS ACTION
Plaintiff filed the complaint in this action on September 30, 2013, seeking judicial review of the Commissioner's decision. Defendant Commissioner answered on March 3, 2014. Under the Procedural Order for Social Security Review Actions governing this case, the next step is for Plaintiff to file a motion for summary judgment or for remand. (Soc. Sec. Proc. Order, ECF 3) Plaintiff was directed to file such motion within twenty-eight days after Defendant Commissioner served the answer on Plaintiff. ( Id. ) Defendant served the answer on May 7, 2014 (Certificate of Service, ECF 14), making Plaintiff's motion for summary judgment due on June 4, 2014.
A. Plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgment
On June 2, 2014, Plaintiff filed a document that does not bear a caption or other title, setting forth facts related to his periods of incarceration and the overpayments by the Social Security Administration; the Clerk docketed this document as a "Letter from John Mayhew." (Letter, ECF 15) On the same date, Plaintiff filed a Proof of Service stating that he mailed "Plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgment Letter" to defense counsel. (POS, ECF 18). Thus it appears that Plaintiff intended the uncaptioned and untitled document filed as ECF 15 to be his motion for summary judgment.
For the reasons discussed below, the motion is TERMINATED AS MOOT, and Plaintiff is granted leave to file a renewed motion for summary judgment or for remand. The Court directs Plaintiff to caption or title his renewed motion so that it is clear to the Court and to Defendant that it is the motion.
The Court also encourages Plaintiff to re-read the written decision of the Administrative Law Judge, which finds that Plaintiff must repay a total $6, 459.80. (AR 14) This amount is significantly less than the original amount sought by the Social Security Administration. (AR 10) The Court notes that Plaintiff's motion for summary judgment filed June 2, 2014 suggests that Plaintiff may not understand that his repayment obligation has been reduced to $6, 459.80. If Plaintiff believes that the ALJ erred in finding that he must repay this amount, any renewed motion for summary judgment must explain exactly why the ALJ's written decision is not supported by substantial evidence or is based upon the application of improper legal standards. See Turner v. Comm'r of Social Sec., 613 F.3d 1217, 1222 n.2 (9th Cir. 2010). Similarly, any motion for remand must explain exactly why the case should be sent back to the Social Security Administration, for example, because there are "sufficient unanswered questions in the record" to warrant further administrative proceedings. See Harman v. Apfel, 211 F.3d 1172, 1180 (9th Cir. 2000). Simply describing events that predate the ALJ's decision is insufficient to obtain relief from this Court.
B. Plaintiff's Amended Complaint
On June 2, 2014 - the same date upon which he submitted the motion for summary judgment - Plaintiff submitted a document titled "Ammending [sic] Complaint For Judicial Review of Decision of Commissioner of Social Security." (Prop. Am'd Compl., ECF 16) This proposed amended complaint was stamped "Received" by the Clerk's Office, but it was not filed. Both the original complaint and the proposed amended complaint allege generally that Plaintiff seeks review of an adverse decision of the Commissioner and that administrative remedies have been exhausted. The proposed amended complaint adds an allegation that "The wage-earner I draw SSA on was my Dad Harry A. Mayhew, " and a request that the Commissioner "Stop of [sic] all garnishment on SSA checks and possible repay of all garnished money." (Prop. Am'd Compl. at 2)
A plaintiff is entitled to amend the complaint once as a matter of course within twenty-one days after service of the answer. See Fed.R.Civ.P. 15(a)(1)(B). Defendant served the answer on May 7, 2014. (Certificate of Service, ECF 14) Thus Plaintiff was entitled to amend as a matter of course within twenty-one days thereafter, extended by an additional three days because Defendant served the answer by mail, see Fed.R.Civ.P. 6(d), or by May 31, 2014. Because May 31, 2014 fell on a Saturday, the deadline for amending as a matter of course was extended to the following Monday, June 2, 2014. See Fed.R.Civ.P. 6(a)(1)(C). Plaintiff submitted the proposed amended complaint on June 2, 2014. Accordingly, THE CLERK SHALL FILE THE AMENDED COMPLAINT. Because the amended complaint is timely, it supersedes the original complaint and renders moot Plaintiff's motion for summary judgment with respect to the original complaint.
C Plaintiff's Application to Proceed In Forma Pauperis
In conjunction with the motion for summary judgment and the proposed amended complaint, Plaintiff also filed an application to proceed in forma pauperis. (Applic., ECF 17) The Court already has granted Plaintiff in forma pauperis status in this action. ( See Order Granting Mot. for Leave to Proceed IFP, ECF 4) Accordingly, his renewed application is TERMINATED AS MOOT.
For the foregoing reasons, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:
(1) Plaintiff's motion for summary judgment filed June 2, 2014 is terminated as moot;
(2) the Clerk shall file Plaintiff's proposed amended complaint;
(3) Defendant shall answer the amended complaint within twenty-one days after it is filed;
(4) Plaintiff shall file a motion for summary judgment within twenty-eight days after service of Defendant's answer;
(5) Defendant shall file any opposition and/or cross-motion within twenty-eight days after service of Plaintiff's motion;
(6) Plaintiff may file a reply within fourteen days after service of Defendant's opposition and/or cross-motion;
(7) The matter thereafter will be submitted without oral argument; and
(8) Plaintiff's renewed application to proceed in forma pauperis is terminated as moot.