United States District Court, C.D. California
ORDER SUMMARILY DISMISSING PETITION FOR LACK OF JURISDICTION AND DENYING A CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY
VIRGINIA A. PHILLIPS, District Judge.
On June 25, 2014, Emmanuel McSwain ("Petitioner"), a California state prisoner proceeding pro se, filed a Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus ("Petition"). (Docket No. 1.)
In 2000, after a jury trial in Los Angeles County Superior Court, Case No. LA034391, Petitioner was convicted of six counts of armed robbery. (Petition at 1; Report and Recommendation of United States Magistrate Judge ("R&R"), filed on July 25, 2002, McSwain v. Garcia, Warden, Case No. CV 02-2637 VAP (MLG), at 1-2). Petitioner was sentenced to 34 years and eight months in state prison. (Petition at 1; R&R at 2).
On March 29, 2002, Petitioner, proceeding pro se, filed a Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus by a Person in State Custody, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254, in this Court, McSwain v. Garcia, Warden, Case No. CV 02-2637 VAP (MLG) ("Prior Petition"), challenging his conviction and/or sentence in Los Angeles County Superior Court Case No. LA034391. (R&R at 1-2). Respondent filed an Answer to the Prior Petition on May 23, 2002. Petitioner filed a Reply on July 10, 2002. On July 25, 2002, the Magistrate Judge issued his R&R, recommending that the Prior Petition be dismissed with prejudice on the merits. (R&R at 1-8). The Court adopted the R&R and dismissed the Prior Petition on September 5, 2002. (See Judgment, McSwain v. Garcia, Warden, Case No. CV 02-2637 VAP (MLG)).
On June 25, 2014, Petitioner filed the instant Petition. In the Petition, Petitioner challenges his conviction and/or sentence in Los Angeles County Superior Court Case No. LA034391. (See Petition at 1-2).
The present Petition is governed by the provisions of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 ("AEDPA"). AEDPA amended 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b) to read, in pertinent part, as follows:
(b)(1) A claim presented in a second or successive habeas corpus application under section 2254 that was presented in a prior application shall be dismissed.
(2) A claim presented in a second or successive habeas corpus application under section 2254 that was not presented in a prior application shall be dismissed unless -
(A) the applicant shows that the claim relies on a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on collateral review by the Supreme Court, that was previously unavailable; or
(B)(i) the factual predicate for the claim could not have been discovered previously through the exercise of due diligence; and [¶] (ii) the facts underlying the claim, if proven and viewed in light of the evidence as a whole, would be sufficient to establish by clear and convincing evidence that, but for constitutional error, no reasonable factfinder would have found the applicant guilty of the underlying offense.
(3)(A) Before a second or successive application permitted by this section is filed in the district court, the applicant shall move in the appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider the application.
28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(1)-(3)(A); see also Rule 9 of the Rules Governing § 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts. In addition, Rule 4 of the Rules Governing § 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts provides that if it plainly appears from the face of the petition and any exhibits annexed to it that the Petitioner is not ...