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Hearns v. Gonzales

United States District Court, E.D. California

August 29, 2014

JAMAR R. HEARNS, Plaintiff,
v.
R. GONZALES, Defendant.

ORDER DISMISSING COMPLAINT WITH LEAVE TO AMEND (ECF No. 2) AMENDED PLEADING DUE IN THIRTY-DAYS

MICHAEL J. SENG, Magistrate Judge.

Plaintiff, a state prisoner incarcerated at Valley State Prison, initiated this action, pro se, on June 2, 2014, in Madera County Superior Court. (Notice of Removal, ECF No. 2, Ex. A.) In it he seeks monetary damages from Defendant, R. Gonzales, for violation of his civil rights. Defendant Gonzales removed the matter to this Court on July 25, 2014, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1441(a), based upon the Court's original jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1331.

Plaintiff's Complaint is before the Court for screening.

I. SCREENING REQUIREMENT

The Court is required to screen complaints brought by prisoners seeking relief against a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). The Court must dismiss a complaint or portion thereof if the prisoner has raised claims that are legally "frivolous, malicious, " or that fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or that seek monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1), (2).

II. PLEADING STANDARD

Section 1983 "provides a cause of action for the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws of the United States." Wilder v. Virginia Hosp. Ass'n, 496 U.S. 498, 508 (1990), quoting 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Section 1983 is not itself a source of substantive rights, but merely provides a method for vindicating federal rights conferred elsewhere. Graham v. Connor, 490 U.S. 386, 393-94 (1989).

To state a claim under § 1983, a plaintiff must allege two essential elements: (1) that a right secured by the Constitution or laws of the United States was violated and (2) that the alleged violation was committed by a person acting under the color of state law. See West v. Atkins, 487 U.S. 42, 48 (1988); Ketchum v. Alameda Cnty., 811 F.2d 1243, 1245 (9th Cir. 1987).

A complaint must contain "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief...." Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a)(2). Detailed factual allegations are not required, but "[t]hreadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice." Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009), citing Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007). Plaintiff must set forth "sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to state a claim that is plausible on its face." Id. Facial plausibility demands more than the mere possibility that a defendant committed misconduct and, while factual allegations are accepted as true, legal conclusions are not. Id. at 667-68.

III. SUMMARY OF PLAINTIFF'S ALLEGATIONS

Plaintiff claims that on September 13, 2013, at Valley State Prison, Defendant Gonzales knowingly destroyed Plaintiff's property. He did so because of Plaintiff's personal characteristic(s) and to interfere with Plaintiff's exercise of his civil rights.

He claims Defendant violated California criminal laws relating to "hate crimes."[1] Plaintiff seeks monetary damages.

IV. DISCUSSION

A. No Cognizable ...


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