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Weaver v. Davisson

United States District Court, E.D. California

August 29, 2014

WILLIE WEAVER, Plaintiff,
v.
HILARY K. DAVISSON, Defendant.

ORDER AND FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

DALE A. DROZD, Magistrate Judge.

Plaintiff, a state prisoner proceeding pro se, has filed a civil rights complaint pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff has neither paid the filing fee nor submitted an application to proceed in forma pauperis.

The undersigned takes judicial notice[1] of the National Pro Se Three-Strikes Database, [2] which indicates that plaintiff has been designated a "three strikes litigant" under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). Such designation precludes in forma pauperis status to a prisoner bringing a civil action who has brought three or more prior actions that were dismissed as frivolous, malicious, or for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner demonstrates that he is under imminent danger of serious physical injury at the time he commenced the new action.[3] Plaintiff has been designated a three strikes litigant in at least three prior cases, [4] which together cite several instances when plaintiff's complaints have been dismissed as frivolous, malicious or for failure to state a claim. This court has reviewed the basis of the findings in those cases and concurs that plaintiff has suffered at least three prior strike dismissals as defined by the statute.[5]

As a three strikes litigant, plaintiff may not proceed in forma pauperis in the present action unless he demonstrates that he was "under imminent danger of serious physical injury" when he filed his complaint. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). The imminent danger exception applies only if it is clear that the danger existed when the complaint was filed. Andrews v. Cervantes , 493 F.3d 1047, 1053 (9th Cir. 2007). The danger must be real and proximate, Ciarpaglini v. Saini , 352 F.3d 328, 330 (7th Cir. 2003), and must be ongoing, Andrews, 493 F.3d at1056. Allegations that are overly speculative or fanciful may be rejected. Id. at 1057 n.11. Absent a showing that plaintiff was under imminent danger of serious physical injury at the time he filed his complaint, his only option for proceeding with this action is to pay the full filing fee.

Plaintiff is currently incarcerated at Pelican Bay State Prison. In his complaint now before this court, plaintiff seeks damages for the alleged ineffectiveness and deliberate indifference of his trial counsel. Plaintiff also states that he "is just asking to renew case, with new case No#." (ECF No. 1 at 3.) The pending complaint does not challenge any conditions of plaintiff's current confinement and thus alleges no imminent danger of serious physical injury. Therefore, plaintiff may not proceed in forma pauperis in this action.

Moreover, the undersigned finds that the instant complaint fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1). Review of plaintiff's other cases pending in this court demonstrates that plaintiff is pursuing his ineffective assistance claim against his prior attorney in a separate habeas corpus action. See Weaver v. Barnes, Case No. 2:14-cv-00026 LKK EFB P. (See id., ECF No. 1 at 3-7.) Because that action is still pending, plaintiff is unable demonstrate that he has prevailed on his ineffective assistance claim. He is therefore barred from seeking damages in this civil rights action. Heck v. Humphrey , 512 U.S. 477, 486-87 (1994) ("[I]n order to recover damages for... harm caused by actions whose unlawfulness would render a conviction or sentence invalid, a section 1983 plaintiff must prove that the conviction or sentence has been reversed on direct appeal, expunged by executive order, declared invalid by a state tribunal authorized to make such determination, or called into question by a federal court's issuance of a writ of habeas corpus.") Plaintiff may file a new action mirroring the instant action only if he prevails in his habeas corpus action.[6]

For the reasons set forth above, the instant action must be dismissed without leave to amend. "It is not an abuse of discretion to deny leave to amend when any proposed amendment would be futile." Reddy v. Litton Industries, Inc. , 912 F.2d 291, 296 (9th Cir. 1990) (citation omitted).

Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the Clerk of Court shall randomly assign a district judge to this action.

In addition, for the reasons set forth above, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED that this action be dismissed without prejudice for failure to state a claim.

These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within fourteen days after being served with these findings and recommendations, plaintiff may file written objections with the court. Such a document should be captioned "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendations." Plaintiff is advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court's order. Martinez v. Ylst , 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).


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