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Percelle v. Pearson

United States District Court, N.D. California

September 8, 2014

S. PEARSON, et al., Defendants.



This matter is scheduled for oral argument at 10:00 AM on September 15, 2014. Having considered the arguments of the parties in the papers submitted, the Court now decides Plaintiff's motion without oral argument, pursuant to Civil Local Rule 7-1(b). For the reasons set forth below, the Court DENIES Plaintiff's motion and VACATES the hearing scheduled for September 15, 2014. The Court also GRANTS Plaintiff's administrative motion to file excess pages.


Plaintiff Steven Dale Percelle ("Percelle") is a former state prisoner who was classified as a gang member while incarcerated and placed in segregated housing for approximately fourteen months. He now sues eight California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation ("CDCR") officials pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, alleging that his gang classification and segregated housing placement was done in retaliation for engaging in litigation activity protected by the First Amendment. In the current motion, Percelle seeks modification of Chief Magistrate Judge Elizabeth D. Laporte's Order of July 28, 2014 (Docket No. 112), which maintained all of Defendants' redactions to a Gang Validation Package in order to protect the identity of a confidential prison informant.


A district court reviews a motion for relief from a nondispositive pretrial order of a Magistrate Judge for whether such order is "clearly erroneous or contrary to law." 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(A); Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(a).

The decision whether or not to disclose the identity of a confidential informant "calls for balancing the public interest in protecting the flow of information against the individual's right to prepare his [case]." Roviaro v. United States, 353 U.S. 53, 62 (1957). "For the informants privilege to give way, the party seeking disclosure has the burden of showing that its need for the information outweighs the government's interest in nondisclosure." In re Perez, 749 F.3d 849, 858 (9th Cir. 2014).


Percelle argues that the order of the Magistrate Judge is "clearly erroneous and contrary to law" because it precludes him from proving an "essential element of his claim, " namely, that the contents of the Gang Validation Report were false and that Defendants knew as much. Mot. at 2 (Docket No. 113). However, the Court finds that the Magistrate Judge's determination was not clearly erroneous or contrary to law.

Percelle correctly identifies Roviaro as the standard for ordering disclosure of a confidential informant. 353 U.S. at 62. Although Roviaro concerned an informant in a criminal case, id. at 55, its balancing test applies to civil cases as well. See, e.g., In re Perez, 749 F.3d at 858 (wage and hour claim); Mitchell v. City of Pittsburg, No. 09-794-SI, 2012 WL 92565, at *2 (N.D. Cal. Jan. 11, 2012) (excessive force claim).

The record demonstrates that the Magistrate Judge appropriately balanced Percelle's interest in obtaining the un-redacted report with the government's interest in protecting the confidentiality of the informant.

At oral argument, the Magistrate Judge indicated that "there's a word or two that could have not been redacted but it's not particularly revealing either." Transcript of Oral Argument at 3 (Docket No. 117). The Magistrate Judge considered what Percelle would need to prove in his case, and concluded "[the evidence is] relevant. It's not directly absolutely crucially so." Id. at 4. Later, the Magistrate Judge concluded "It's not central in the sense that the case is dispositive one way or the other, " and that "not having it is not crippling to the case but it's certainly some disadvantage." Id. at 11. Moreover, even though the Magistrate Judge found that the evidence was relevant and would be helpful, she also opined that its value would be limited: "there's nothing that looks like internal inconsistencies which should have put the investigator on notice." Id.

Regarding the government's interest, Defendants argued in a joint statement that, "If released, the redacted information could allow the confidential informant and others to be identified because the information reveals the informant's personal information... [which] could put the lives of numerous people at risk." Joint Discovery Letter Brief at 2 (Docket No. 94). The Magistrate Judge also heard argument from Defendants at the hearing that revealing information about the confidential informant's identity would put the informant's life at risk. Id. at 8.

The Magistrate Judge issued the order maintaining the redactions "[u]pon consideration of all the briefing submitted to the court, oral argument, and in-camera review of the Gang Validation Package, " and found that "Defendants' redactions to the Gang Validation Package are proper because they are necessary to safeguard the identity of the confidential informant and other individuals referenced in the document." Order on Motion to Retain Redactions at 1 (Docket No. 112). The order itself, and the transcript of the hearing to which it refers, clearly indicate that the Magistrate Judge balanced the public's ...

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