United States District Court, E.D. California
ESS'NN A. AUBERT, Plaintiff,
E. MADRUGA, et al., Defendants.
ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFF'S REQUEST FOR ENTRY OF DEFAULT (Doc. 18.)
GARY S. AUSTIN, Magistrate Judge.
Ess'nn A. Aubert ("Plaintiff") is a state prisoner proceeding pro se with this civil rights action filed pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff filed the Complaint commencing this action on October 15, 2013. (Doc. 1.) This action now proceeds on the initial Complaint, against defendants Correctional Officer (C/O) B. Hobbs and C/O E. Madruga ("Defendants") for excessive force in violation of the Eighth Amendment. (Id.)
On October 25, 2013, Plaintiff consented to the jurisdiction of a Magistrate Judge pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(c), and no other parties have made an appearance. (Doc. 5.) Therefore, pursuant to Appendix A(k)(4) of the Local Rules of the Eastern District of California, the undersigned shall conduct any and all proceedings in the case until such time as reassignment to a District Judge is required. Local Rule Appendix A(k)(3).
On September 4, 2014, Plaintiff filed a request for entry of default against the Defendants. (Doc. 18.)
II. ENTRY OF DEFAULT
Entry of default is appropriate as to any party against whom a judgment for affirmative relief is sought that has failed to plead or otherwise defend as provided by the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and where that failure is shown by affidavit or otherwise. See Fed.R.Civ.P. 55(a). Rule 12 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides, "[A] defendant must serve an answer within 21 days after being served with the summons and complaint; or if it has timely waived service under Rule 4(d), within 60 days after the request for a waiver was sent." Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(a)(1)(A). Under Rule 4(d), a defendant may waive service of a summons by signing and returning a waiver of service. Fed.R.Civ.P. 4(d). If a defendant fails to plead or otherwise defend an action after being properly served with a summons and complaint, a default judgment may be entered pursuant to Rule 55(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
Once default has been entered against a defendant, the court may, "[f]or good cause shown... set aside an entry of default...." Fed.R.Civ.P. 55(c). "The court's discretion is especially broad where... it is entry of default that is being set aside." O'Connor v. State of Nevada , 27 F.3d 357, 364 (9th Cir. 1994) (quoting Mendoza v. Wight Vineyard Mgmt. , 783 F.2d 941, 945 (9th Cir. 1986)); see also Brady v. United States , 211 F.3d 499, 504 (9th Cir. 2000). Default is generally disfavored. In re Hammer , 940 F.2d 524, 525 (9th Cir. 1991); Westchester Fire Ins. Co. v. Mendez , 585 F.3d 1183, 1189 (9th Cir. 2009).
A. Plaintiff's Request
Plaintiff requests entry of default against the Defendants on the grounds that "the court files and record... show that the Defendants were served [with process on July 23, 2014, ] more than 21 days have elapsed... and "[t]he Defendants have failed to answer or otherwise defend as to Plaintiff's complaint, or serve a copy of any answer or any defense which it might have had." (Request, Doc. 18 at 1-2.)
On June 23, 2014, the Court issued an order in this action directing the United States Marshal to serve process in this action upon defendants Hobbs and Madruga. (Doc. 13.) On July 29, 2014, Defendants filed waivers of service, causing their response to the Complaint to be due "within 60 days after 7/2/2014." (Doc. 15.)
On September 2, 2014, Defendants timely filed an Answer to the Complaint. (Doc. 16.) Therefore, Plaintiff is not entitled to entry of default against defendant Hobbs or defendant Madruga, and ...