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Perry v. Janda

United States District Court, S.D. California

September 18, 2014

TYLERRE C. PERRY, Petitioner,
G. J. JANDA, Respondent.


LARRY ALAN BURNS, District Judge.

On August 18, 2014, the Court denied the petition for writ of habeas corpus, and also denied a certificate of appealability. On September 11, Petitioner filed a notice of appeal, as well as a motion for issuance of a certificate of appealability, a motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal, and a motion for clarification of the Court's order (Docket nos. 31, 32, and 33, respectively). The Court construes the motion for a certificate of appealability as a motion for reconsideration of the denial of certificate of appealability, and the motion to clarify the Court's denial of habeas as a motion to reconsider pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 60.

Motion for Reconsideration of Denial of Certificate of Appealability

The Court's order denying the petition explained why the applicable standards for habeas relief were far from being met. To summarize, the Court's ruling was driven by the standard of review required under AEDPA. Even if this Court or another court might have made a different ruling in the first instance, the state courts' determinations are entitled to deference.

The state courts held that, beyond a reasonable doubt, even if any Doyle error occurred, it was harmless beyond a reasonable doubt. Under Cudjo v. Ayers, 698 F.3d 752, 678 (9th Cir. 2012), federal courts must deter to this determination unless it was unreasonable. Even if reasonable jurists might have reached a different conclusion about whether the Doyle error (if any) was harmless, reasonable jurists would not find the state court's determination unreasonable. But more than that, the state courts held that no Doyle error occurred, because no invocation by Perry of his right to remain silent was admitted at trial. The state courts rejected Petitioner's argument that the trial court erred in admitting other statements made in connection with what Perry argues were invocations of his right to remain silent.[1] This argument was based on United States v. Bushyhead, 270 F.3d 905, 912 (9th Cir. 2001), finding it both inapplicable to the facts of Perry's case, and unpersuasive. Because Bushyhead is not ""clearly established Federal law, as determined by the Supreme Court of the United States." See 28 U.S.C. § 2254(d). The fact that Bushyhead cites and interprets Supreme Court precedent does not change this.

These were the only issues in the magistrate judge's report and recommendation that Perry filed any objections to, and they are they only Perry seeks to appeal. The standard for issuance of a certificate of appealability, see Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000), is not met. There is no basis for reconsideration of the denial of a certificate of appealability, and the motion is therefore DENIED.

Fed. R. Civ. P. 60 Motion

Perry asks for "clarity for the issues that were overlooked by the Court, " and asks for "the Court's opinion and ruling" as to three issues: his Doyle claim, his reliance on Wainwright v. Greenfield, 474 U.S. 284 (1986), and his discovery motion filed May 21, 2014. He asks the Court to explain why, in light of these, his petition was denied.

The Doyle claim was ruled on in the Court's order denying the petition, and has also been discussed above. There is no reason for reconsideration, and the Court's order adequately explains its reasons for rejecting this claim.

Perry cited Wainwright in support of his Doyle claim. Wainwright is inapplicable here, and the state courts did not disregard or misapply it. Wainwright stands for the proposition that a defendant's post- Miranda silence may not be introduced at trial. Perry's silence was not introduced at his criminal trial. His actual argument asks the Court to apply Bushyhead, whose holding is much closer to being apposite.

There was no discovery motion filed on or around May 21, 2014. It's possible Perry is thinking of his discovery request filed December 26, 2013. The Court denied that on January 10, 2014, explaining its reasons for doing so, and no reconsideration or additional explanation is warranted. In any case, discovery is not warranted, because the Court's review is limited to the record before the state courts. See Cullen v. Pinholster, ___ U.S. ____, 131 S.Ct. 1388 (2011).

The Rule 60 motion is therefore DENIED.

Motion for Leave to Proceed In Forma Pauperis on Appeal

The motion to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal fails to attach a prison trust account statement, and as such is defective. See Rule 3(a)(2) of Rules Governing § 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts. But Perry was already granted leave to proceed in forma pauperis, and his in forma pauperis status has not been revoked, so his request is moot. See Fed. R. App. P. 24(a)(3); Naddi v. Hill, 106 F.3d 275, 276 (9th Cir. 1997). The motion is DENIED.


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