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Woodard v. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A.

United States District Court, C.D. California

October 8, 2014

WELLS FARGO BANK, N.A., successor by merger with Wachovia Mortgage FSB formerly known as World Savings Bank, FSB;


OTIS D. WRIGHT, II, District Judge.


Nearly everyone has heard the popular adage that "if at first you don't succeed, try, try again." But every licensed attorney should know that when it comes to court orders and particularly judgments, this proverb does not apply. Before the Court is Plaintiff Malinda Woodard's Motion to Set Aside or Vacate Judgment of Dismissal. (ECF No. 23.) The Motion merely rehashes the meritless arguments made in Woodard's unsuccessful Motion to Remand and Opposition to Defendant Wells Fargo Bank, N.A.'s Motion to Dismiss. For the reasons discussed below, the Court DENIES Woodard's Motion to Set Aside or Vacate Judgment (ECF No. 23) and ORDERS Woodard's counsel Laleh Ensafi TO SHOW CAUSE why she should not be sanctioned for violating Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 11(b).[1]


This is a run-of-the-mill wrongful foreclosure case that was removed from state court on the basis of diversity jurisdiction. ( See ECF No. 1.) After the action was removed, Wells Fargo moved to dismiss the case in its entirety. (ECF No. 8.) Woodard timely opposed the Motion to Dismiss and also brought a Motion to Remand. (ECF Nos. 12, 13.) On July 16, 2014, this Court issued an Order Denying Plaintiff's Motion to Remand and Granting Defendant Wells Fargo's Motion to Dismiss Without Leave to Amend. (ECF No. 20.) A separate judgment was issued two weeks later. (ECF No. 22.)

In the July 16, 2014 Order, the Court explained in no uncertain terms that the grounds for Woodard's Motion to Remand failed based on well-established legal principles. ( See ECF No. 20 at 3-4.) The Court even suggested in a footnote that Woodard's counsel had "skirt[ed] the line of violating Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 11." ( Id. at 4 n.3.)

Woodard filed the instant Motion to Set Aside or Vacate Judgment on September 8, 2014. (ECF No. 23.) Wells Fargo timely opposed. (ECF No. 25.) Woodard did not file any reply papers.


Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 60(b) permits a party to seek reconsideration of a final judgment or court order. The Central District of California Local Rules elucidate the proper bases for which a party may seek reconsideration:

(a) a material difference in fact or law from that presented to the Court before such decision that in the exercise of reasonable diligence could not have been known to the party moving for reconsideration at the time of such decision, or (b) the emergence of new material facts or a change of law occurring after the time of such decision, or (c) a manifest showing of a failure to consider material facts presented to the Court before such decision.

L.R. 7-18. Additionally, "[n]o motion for reconsideration shall in any manner repeat any oral or written argument made in support of or in opposition to the original motion." Id.


In the Motion, Woodard seeks to set aside or vacate the Court's dismissal with prejudice under Rule 60(b)(4), arguing that the Court's judgment is void for lack of subject-matter jurisdiction. Woodard goes on to rehash arguments previously made in the Motion to Remand about subject-matter jurisdiction.

If this Court did lack subject-matter jurisdiction, relief from judgment under Rule 60(b)(4) would be appropriate. See Wages v. I.R.S., 915 F.2d 1230, 1234 (9th Cir. 1990). But the Court has already considered its subject-matter jurisdiction when denying Woodard's Motion to Remand ( See ECF No. 20), and Woodard has failed to articulate a basis under Local Rule 7-18 for reconsideration of that decision. Subject-matter jurisdiction in this case is based on diversity under 28 U.S.C. § 1332. Woodard is a citizen of California. Wells Fargo, as a national banking association, is a citizen of South Dakota. (Not. of Removal 2:20-3:5.) The amount in controversy is satisfied by the $1, 500, 000 prayer for relief in the Complaint. (Compl. 19:18-21.)

Based on the above, the Court need not delve any deeper into Woodard's Motion. However, the Court finds that the Motion likely runs afoul of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 11(b), which mandates that all representations to the Court have a proper purpose, be nonfrivolous, and be supported by the evidence or a lack thereof. Accordingly, the Court briefly addresses the obvious errors in Woodard's arguments regarding subject-matter jurisdiction in the Motion.

Woodard attempts to dispel the Court's subject-matter jurisdiction by arguing that the Complaint contains no federal claims and referencing sections of the California Code of Civil Procedure. ( See Mot. 7-9.) This is familiar territory for the Court since identical arguments were made in the Motion to Remand. But this is not a federal-question case. Wells Fargo has never argued that subject-matter jurisdiction is based on the Complaint giving rise to a federal question. This Court's jurisdiction is conferred under 28 U.S.C. § 1332, not § 1331. Moreover, the jurisdictional rules of California state court are irrelevant and inapplicable. Woodard's argument that the Court should have declined to exercise supplemental jurisdiction likewise fails since the Court did not exercise supplemental jurisdiction over any of the claims.

Woodard also argues that the Court lacks subject-matter jurisdiction under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 19 and Local Rule 19-1. Rule 19 concerns the joinder of parties and Local Rule 19-1 limits the number of fictitious defendants in a Complaint to ten. Neither rule has any effect on the Court's subject-matter jurisdiction in the case. See 28 U.S.C. § 1441(b)(1) ("In determining whether a civil action is removable on the basis of [diversity jurisdiction], the citizenship of defendants sued under fictitious names shall be disregarded.")

The Court advised Woodard's counsel of these basic principles of law in denying the Motion to Remand, and even questioned compliance with Rule 11(b) at that time. ( See ECF No. 20 at 4 n.3.) Yet, the same arguments reappeared in the present Motion, and it appears that no attempt was made to research the law cited in the July 16, 2014 Order before raising the same arguments in this Motion. This is unacceptable, especially since these are foundational legal principles that every first-year law student is taught. Since Woodard's counsel, Laleh Ensafi, was already warned about the requirements of Rule 11(b), the Court finds that consideration of sanctions is appropriate. See Fed.R.Civ.P. 11(c); L.R. 83-7.


For the reasons discussed above, Woodard's Motion to Set Aside or Vacate Judgment of Dismissal With Prejudice is DENIED. (ECF No. 23.)

The Court further ORDERS Woodard's attorney, Laleh Ensafi (SBN 268917), TO SHOW CAUSE, in writing, no later than Wednesday, October 15, 2014, why the Court should not sanction her for violating Rule 11(b). No hearing will be held. A proper response to this Order to Show Cause will include the efforts Ensafi made to research and draft the Motion to Set Aside and Vacate Judgment. Sanctions the Court is considering will be levied against Ensafi, and not her client, as required by law. See Rule 11(c)(5)(A).


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