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Garcia-Ramirez v. Benov

United States District Court, E.D. California

October 15, 2014

MICHAEL L. BENOV, Respondent.


JENNIFER L. THURSTON, Magistrate Judge.

Petitioner is a federal prisoner proceeding in propria persona with a petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241.


The instant petition was filed on April 16, 2014, challenging the validity of a prison disciplinary hearing on the grounds that the hearing was conducted by and a decision rendered by an employee of the privately-run prison rather than by an employee of the Bureau of Prisons ("BOP"), as required by federal law. (Doc. 1). On May 15, 2014, the Court ordered Respondent to file a response to the petition. (Doc. 6). On August 22, 2014, Respondent filed the instant motion for motion to dismiss the petition as moot, contending that Petitioner had already received the relief requested in the petition when the disciplinary proceedings were reviewed and the decision affirmed by an authorized employee of the BOP. (Doc. 13). On August 26, 2014, the Court issued an Order to Show Cause why the petition should not be dismissed as moot. (Doc. 14). That Order to Show Cause gave Petitioner thirty days within which to file a response. To date, Petitioner has filed no opposition to the motion to dismiss nor has he filed a response to the Order to Show Cause. For the reasons discussed below, the Court will recommend that the motion to dismiss be granted.


The case or controversy requirement of Article III of the Federal Constitution deprives the Court of jurisdiction to hear moot cases. Iron Arrow Honor Soc'y v. Heckler , 464 U.S. 67, 70 104 S.Ct. 373, 374-75 (1983); N.A.A.C.P., Western Region v. City of Richmond , 743 F.2d 1346, 1352 (9th Cir. 1984). A case becomes moot if the "the issues presented are no longer live' or the parties lack a legally cognizable interest in the outcome." Murphy v. Hunt , 455 U.S. 478, 481 (1982). The Federal Court is "without power to decide questions that cannot affect the rights of the litigants before them." North Carolina v. Rice , 404 U.S. 244, 246 (1971) per curiam, quoting Aetna Life Ins. Co. v. Hayworth , 300 U.S. 227, 240-241 (1937).

Here, the instant petition requests that the custody credits forfeited as a result of the disciplinary hearing be restored because the hearing was unauthorized. (Doc. 1, p. 9). However, Petitioner has not established that he is legally entitled to such relief. To the contrary, his contention is that the hearing was not conducted by and the decision was not made by an employee of the BOP as required by federal law. Any relief, therefore, that this Court could require based on Petitioner's claims would be to ensure that he obtains a rehearing of the disciplinary charges before an authorized employee of BOP. Petitioner has not cited, and the Court is unaware of, any federal precedent that would automatically require dismissal of the disciplinary charges and restoration of the forfeited credits where Petitioner has been given a rehearing before authorized personnel.

This appears to be precisely the relief provided by Respondent, as evidenced by the declaration attached to the motion to dismiss, which establishes that, on June 17, 2014, Petitioner's disciplinary hearing and the decision issued therein were reheard and approved by an employee of the BOP, as required by federal regulations and statutes. (Doc.13, Ex. 1, Decl. of Ismael Hernandez Cruz, p. 3). Because Petitioner has received the relief he was entitled to seek in the petition, and because there is no further relief that this Court can provide to Petitioner, the petition is now moot.[1] Hence, Respondent's motion to dismiss should be granted.


Accordingly, the Court HEREBY RECOMMENDS that Respondent's motion to dismiss (Doc. 13), be GRANTED.

This Findings and Recommendation is submitted to the United States District Court Judge assigned to the case pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636 (b)(1)(B) and Rule 304 of the Local Rules of Practice for the United States District Court, Eastern District of California. Within 21 days after being served with a copy of this Findings and Recommendation, any party may file written objections with the Court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a document should be captioned "Objections to Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendation." Replies to the Objections shall be served and filed within ten 10 days (plus three days if served by mail) after service of the Objections. The Court will then review the Magistrate Judge's ruling pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636 ...

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