Searching over 5,500,000 cases.

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Hedges v. Superior Court for County of Los Angeles

United States District Court, C.D. California

November 3, 2014


Mark Hedges, Pro Se, Attorneys Present for Plaintiffs.

Kevin McCormick, Attorneys Present for Defendants.

DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO DISMISS (Dkt. No. 7, filed August 20, 2014)

CHRISTINA A. SNYDER, District Judge.


On July 31, 2014, plaintiff filed this lawsuit against defendant Superior Court for the County of Los Angeles (the "Superior Court") under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Dkt. No. 1. In brief, the complaint alleges that the Superior Court acted contrary to law by refusing to take action on alleged violations of his rights stemming from an episode of involuntary psychiatric treatment, and by participating in a system that denied him procedural due process rights. Id . The complaint asserts claims for relief for (1) failure to notify Disability Rights California ("DRC") of violations of the Protection and Advocacy for Individuals with Mental Illness Act ("PAIMI"), 42 U.S.C. § 10801 et seq.; (2) systematic denial of the right to an attorney and habeas corpus; (3) deprivation of civil rights under color of law in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 242; (4) systematic discrimination in violation the Americans with Disabilities Act ("ADA"), 42 U.S.C. § 12201 et seq.; (5) omission of statutory penalties in violation of 42 U.S.C. § 1396h; (6) fraudulent concealment; (7) fraud; (8) loss of income; (9) destruction of property; (10) false arrest; (11) slavery; and (12) state terrorism, in violation of 18 U.S.C. §§ 2331(5), 2339C(a)(1)(A). Id . at 20-23.

On August 20, 2014, the Superior Court filed a motion to dismiss. Dkt. No. 7. On September 8, 2014, plaintiff filed an opposition. Dkt. No. 10. The Superior Court filed a reply on September 15, 2014. Dkt. No. 14. The Court held a hearing on November 3, 2014. After considering the parties' arguments, the Court concludes that the Superior Court must be dismissed as a defendant for the reasons set forth below.


The complaint alleges the following facts, which center around plaintiff's involuntary psychiatric treatment in June 2010. Plaintiff alleges that therapist Marcy Gray Rubin falsely claimed to the Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health ("Department of Mental Health") that plaintiff had threatened suicide. Compl. at 7. On June 10, 2010, officers of the Los Angeles Police Department approached plaintiff and forced him to get into a Department of Mental Health van, despite plaintiff's protestations that he did not pose a danger to himself or others, and that he wanted an attorney. Id . On June 11, 2010, plaintiff was transferred to Penn Mar Therapeutic Center in El Monte, California. Id . at 9. There, plaintiff alleges that he was again denied access to an attorney, and told that a Department of Mental Health "advocate" would represent him at a hearing. Id . On June 13, 2010, Schlecter certified plaintiff for two weeks of intensive treatment pursuant to California Welfare & Institutions Code section 5250. Id . Plaintiff alleges that the orderly who delivered notice of this action did not inform plaintiff of his right to habeas corpus with an attorney present. Id . Plaintiff again requested an attorney and an immediate hearing, which were not provided. Id.

On June 15, 2010, Schlecter filed a petition to declare plaintiff incompetent to refuse medication. Id . at 9-10. Plaintiff alleges that his patient rights advocate stated that plaintiff had no right to an attorney, even if he could afford one, and that the advocate would represent plaintiff at a June 17, 2010 hearing on custody and capacity to refuse medication. Id . at 10. At a June 17, 2010 hearing, a referee from the Superior Court ordered plaintiff's release, finding no probable cause for involuntary psychiatric treatment. Id.

In September 2013, plaintiff attempted to file in the docket for his release case a request that the Superior Court refer "known violations" of his rights to DRC.[1] Id . Plaintiff contends that the Superior Court was obligated "to report any violations it knows about for the assessment of statutory penalties and for inclusion in" an annual plan for corrections required by the PAIMI, and that a review of plaintiff's submitted records would have revealed myriad violations of federal law that fall within this obligation to report. Id . at 11-12. The Superior Court refused to file the documents or comply with plaintiff's request, asserting that the case closed upon plaintiff's release. [2] Id . at 10. In May 2014, the California Court of Appeal, Second Appellate District, denied plaintiff's petition for certiorari related to the release case, which plaintiff states was made on similar grounds to those raised in the instant case. Id . at 10-11.

In June of 2011, plaintiff filed in the Superior Court a tort action entitled Hedges v. Rubin et al., No. EC056010. Id . In April 2014, after the Superior Court had granted a demurrer without leave to amend, the Court of Appeal ordered the Superior Court "to allow civil suit to proceed against the City of Los Angeles, and ordered the presiding judge of [the Superior Court] to assign a new judge for the case."[3] Id . at 11. According to the complaint, the Superior Court "stands in defiance of that order." Id.

Plaintiff avers that the Superior Court-in his case and systematically with regard to disabled persons-has provided inadequate due process. He contends that the referees and advocates who operate in review hearings, like the one held in his case on June 17, 2010, are insufficiently qualified, violating the federal constitution. Id . at 12. He also alleges unconstitutional delay of habeas corpus proceedings evidenced by the Welfare and Institutions Code section 5256 review form, on which a checkbox for a habeas corpus request "is below the box for if mandatory review found probable cause to continue the hold, as if the detainee may request habeas corpus and an attorney only after mandatory review, " rather than immediately upon delivery of the notice of certification for extended treatment under section 5250. See id. at 13. In his case, plaintiff avers that he would have been released much sooner had he been granted an immediate habeas corpus hearing. Id . at 23. Further, plaintiff alleges that the Superior Court failed to provide process required by the PAIMI. See id. at 16-17. Plaintiff also contends that the Superior Court denies victims the effective remedy of class action by using medical privacy as a pretense to prevent victims and their attorneys from "contact[ing] each other to establish systematic patterns and coordinate legal strategy." Id . at 17.

Plaintiff requests the following relief: (1) a declaration that "when a court rules no probable cause' for psychiatric detention that has already progressed, that fundamental constitutional rights were violated"; (2) an injunction mandating that the Superior Court require those delivering Welfare & Institutions Code section 5250 certification notices to file affidavits attesting that they orally advised the person to be detained of the right to request habeas corpus with an attorney; (3) an injunction requiring the Superior Court to assess penalties payable to the State of California for false claims instead of instructing victims to file grievances; (4) an injunction requiring the Superior Court to "declare all known violations when they are aware of facts constituting violations, and transmit those declarations" to DRC; (5) an injunction requiring the Superior Court to void all diagnoses derived from false claims made in support ...

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.