United States District Court, Eastern District of California
OSCAR W. JONES, Plaintiff,
STEPHEN MAYBERG, et al., Defendants.
ORDER REQUIRING PLAINTIFF TO SHOW CAUSE WITHIN THIRTY DAYS WHY ACTION SHOULD NOT BE DISMISSED, WITHOUT PREJUDICE, PURSUANT TO RULE 4(M)
SHEILA K. OBERTO UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Plaintiff Oscar W. Jones, a former civil detainee proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis, filed this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 on August 25, 2010. This action for damages is proceeding against John Doe 2 and John Doe 3 for violating the Due Process Clause of the United States Constitution, relating to the failure to transport Plaintiff for medical treatment while he was at Coalinga State Hospital (“CSH”).
Rule 4(m) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides:
If a defendant is not served within 120 days after the complaint is filed, the court -on motion or on its own after notice to the plaintiff - must dismiss the action without prejudice against that defendant or order that service be made within a specified time. But if the plaintiff shows good cause for the failure, the court must extend the time for service for an appropriate period.
Because Plaintiff is proceeding in forma pauperis, the Court is required to appoint the United States Marshal to serve the summons and complaint on his behalf, 28 U.S.C. § 1915(d); Fed.R.Civ.P. 4(c)(3), and a case cannot be dismissed where the Marshal and/or the Court fails to perform its duty, Walker v. Sumner, 14 F.3d 1415, 1422 (9th Cir. 1994) (internal quotations and citation omitted), abrogated on other grounds by Sandin v. Connor, 515 U.S. 472 (1995). However, the Court’s sua sponte dismissal of unserved defendants is appropriate if Plaintiff is unable to provide the Marshal with information sufficient to effect service. Fed.R.Civ.P. 4(m); Walker, 14 F.3d at 1421-22.
In this case, the defendants, both of whom were correctional officers, are unidentified, and the Court opened early discovery for the limited purpose of allowing Plaintiff to identify them. Crowley v. Bannister, 734 F.3d 967, 978 (9th Cir. 2013) (citing Gillespie v. Civiletti, 629 F.2d 637, 642 (9th Cir. 1980)). After service of subpoenas duces tecum first on the Acting Director of CSH and then on the Warden of Pleasant Valley State Prison, Plaintiff has not obtained any documents which allow him to identify the Doe defendants. Fed.R.Civ.P. 45. Accordingly, pursuant to Rule 4(m), Plaintiff shall be provided with an opportunity to show good cause why this action should not be dismissed. Fed.R.Civ.P. 4(m). If Plaintiff either fails to respond to this order or responds but fails to show good cause, this action shall be dismissed, without prejudice.
Based on the foregoing, the Court HEREBY ORDERS that:
1. Within thirty (30) days from the date of service of this order, Plaintiff shall show cause why this action should not be dismissed, without prejudice; and
2. The failure to respond to this order or the failure to show good cause will result in dismissal of ...