United States District Court, E.D. California
Clarence Leon Dews, Plaintiff, Pro se, CORCORAN, CA.
RALPH R. BEISTLINE, UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.
Clarence Leon Dews, a state prisoner appearing pro se and in forma pauperis, has filed a civil rights complaint under 42 U.S.C. 1983 against numerous officials employed by the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (" CDCR"), the Kern County District Attorney, California Department of Justice, and Attorney General.
I. SCREENING REQUIREMENT
This Court is required to screen complaints brought by prisoners seeking relief against a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. This Court must dismiss a complaint or portion thereof if the prisoner has raised claims that are legally " frivolous or malicious, " that " fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted, " or that " seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief."  Likewise, a prisoner must exhaust all administrative remedies as may be available,  irrespective of whether those administrative remedies provide for monetary relief.
In determining whether a complaint states a claim, the Court looks to the pleading standard under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a). Under Rule 8(a), a complaint must contain " a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief."  " [T]he pleading standard Rule 8 announces does not require 'detailed factual allegations, ' but it demands more than an unadorned, the-defendant-unlawfully-harmed-me accusation."  Failure to state a claim under § 1915A incorporates the familiar standard applied in Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6), including the rule that complaints filed by pro se prisoners are to be liberally construed, affording the prisoner the benefit of any doubt, and dismissal should be granted only where it appears beyond doubt that the plaintiff can plead no facts in support of his claim that would entitle him or her to relief.
This requires the presentation of factual allegations sufficient to state a plausible claim for relief. " [A] complaint [that] pleads facts that are 'merely consistent with' a defendant's liability . . . 'stops short of the line between possibility and plausibility of entitlement to relief.'"  Further, although a court must accept as true all factual allegations contained in a complaint, a court need not accept a plaintiff's legal conclusions as true. " Threadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice." 
Prisoner pro se pleadings are given the benefit of liberal construction. While this Court must liberally construe papers filed by pro se parties, pro se parties must none-the-less follow the applicable rules of practice and procedure. The Complaint filed in this case in its present form does not meet those requirements.
Dews' Complaint consists of four (4) pages plus 230 pages of attachments. The Complaint, which reads in narrative form, appears to be more like a brief in that it consists almost entirely of legal argument, not facts. As a consequence neither this Court nor any named Defendant is able to determine what act(s) of which Defendant(s) violated which of Dews' civil rights. Dews has also attached to the Complaint numerous extraneous documents, e.g., California Form POS-010 (Proof of Service of Summons);  California Form SC-107 (Proof of Service of Small Claims, etc .);  and Memorandum re: Writ of Mandate and Prohibition. Attachments to the complaint must be limited to those documents relevant to the causes of action properly pleaded. That is, those documents that evidence the acts or actions of the Defendants and any administrative proceedings concerning Dews' grievances that form the basis for his complaint.
Furthermore, it appears that Dews may not have properly exhausted his available administrative remedies with respect to his complaint, at least in part. Exhaustion of administrative remedies prior to bringing suit is required irrespective of the relief sought by the prisoner and regardless of the relief provided by the process. Although not jurisdictional, exhaustion is nonetheless mandatory, and there is no discretion to excuse it. " Proper exhaustion" means " complet[ing] the administrative review process in accordance with the applicable rules."  Dews is reminded that, although an unexhausted claim may survive screening, unexhausted claims are subject to dismissal on summary judgment or, in some cases on a motion under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b).
Although it may be questionable whether Dews can plead a plausible cause of action against at least some of the named Defendants, the Court is not inclined to deny Dews leave to amend. In preparing his amended Complaint Dews must adhere to the following requirements of notice pleading.
1. A complaint must contain a short, plain statement of the facts, i.e., who, what, when, ...