United States District Court, C.D. California
November 20, 2014
Erica Farmer, et al.
City of Los Angeles, et al
For Erica Farmer, an individual, Dennis Farmer, an individual, Plaintiffs: Melina Shahbazian, Randy H McMurray, Yana G Henriks, LEAD ATTORNEYS, McMurray Henriks LLP, Los Angeles, CA.
For City of Los Angeles, a Public Entity, Los Angeles Police Department, a Public Entity, Defendants: Craig J Miller, LEAD ATTORNEY, Los Angeles City Attorney's Office, Los Angeles, CA.
CIVIL MINUTES - GENERAL
Present: The Honorable PERCY ANDERSON, UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.
Proceedings: IN CHAMBERS -- COURT ORDER
Plaintiffs Erica and Dennis Farmer (" Plaintiff") have dismissed their second, third, fourth, and fifth claims brought pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983.
Plaintiffs' § 1983 claims were the sole basis for this Court's subject matter jurisdiction. The Court has supplemental jurisdiction over Plaintiffs' remaining state law claims under 28 U.S.C. § 1367(a). Once supplemental jurisdiction has been established under § 1367(a), a district court " can decline to assert supplemental jurisdiction over a pendant claim only if one of the four categories specifically enumerated in section 1367(c) applies." Exec. Software v. U.S. Dist. Court for the Cent. Dist. of Cal., 24 F.3d 1545, 1555-56 (9th Cir. 1994). The Court may decline supplemental jurisdiction under § 1367(c) if: " (1) the claim raises a novel or complex issue of State law, (2) the claim substantially predominates over the claim or claims over which the district court has original jurisdiction, (3) the district court dismissed all claims over which it has original jurisdiction, or (4) in exceptional circumstances, there are other compelling reasons for declining jurisdiction."
Here, Plaintiffs have dismissed the only claims over which the Court has original jurisdiction. Accordingly, the Court declines to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over Plaintiffs' state law claims. See 28 U.S.C. § 1367(c)(3). The Court further exercises its discretion to remand the action. See Albingia Versicherungs A.G. v. Schenker Int'l Inc., 344 F.3d 931, 938 (9th Cir. 2003);
Harrell v. 20th Century Ins. Co., 934 F.2d 203, 205 (9th Cir. 1991) (" [A] district court has discretion to remand a properly removed case to state court when none of the federal claims are remaining."). The Court remands this action to Los Angeles Superior Court, Case No. BC555340. See 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c).
IT IS SO ORDERED.