United States District Court, Central District of California
AARON D. HUNTER, aka SHEIK AARON HUNTER-EL, Petitioner,
WARDEN RANDY L. TEWS, Respondent.
OPINION AND ORDER ON PETITION FOR WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS
Otis D. Wright II United States District Judge
On December 8, 2014, Petitioner, who is incarcerated at Victorville-FCI, filed a Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241.
Petitioner lists two grounds. The first ground alleges he is "being deprived of my Statutory Contractual vested rights, and illegally charged in commerce, in violation of Special Statute no. 10105905" of Illinois. (Petition at 3.) The second ground alleges that "[u]nder Illinois law, an equitable lien is a remedy for a debt. By Defendant's non-acceptance of the accompanying Special Statute, Defendant has in fact questioned the validity of the Public Debt." (Id.)
Petitioner argues that the Bureau of Prisons is "legally and equitably estopped from charging [Petitioner], in commerce for phone, e-mail, or commissary by the accompanying Special Statute" and instead must "be charge[d] to the accompanying Special Statute." (Id. at Ground One (continued).)
A prisoner in the custody of the United States is entitled to a writ of habeas corpus if "[h]e is in custody in violation of the Constitution or laws or treaties of the United States." 28 U.S.C. § 2241(c)(3). "A § 2241 habeas petition [may also] challenge the execution of a criminal sentence[.]'" Benny v. U.S. Parole Comm'n, 295 F.3d 977, 988 (9th Cir. 2002).
Petitioner's claims are not cognizable under habeas. He challenges only the conditions of his confinement. (See Petition at 2); see also Alcala v. Rios, 434 Fed.Appx. 668, 669 (9th Cir. 2011) (unpublished memorandum) ("the [§ 2241] petition challenges the conditions of confinement and therefore should have been brought as a civil rights action"); Murphy v. Gonzalez, 2011 WL 166291 (CD. Cal. 2011) (collecting cases). The relief requested from the alleged constitutional violation would not affect the length of his confinement or the lawfulness of his conviction.
Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts provides that "[i]f it plainly appears from the face of the petition and any attached exhibits that the petitioner is not entitled to relief in the district court, the judge must dismiss the petition and direct the clerk to notify the petitioner." These rules also apply to habeas corpus petitions brought pursuant to § 2241. See Rule 1(b).
Summary dismissal is appropriate here because the petition is not cognizable under habeas and is frivolous. See Mayle v. Felix, 545 U.S. 644, 669-70, 125 S.Ct. 2562, 162 L.Ed.2d 582 (2005) ("the purpose of the heightened pleading standard in habeas cases is to help a district court weed out frivolous petitions before calling upon the State to answer"); Black/edge v. Allison, 431 U.S. 63, 76, 97 S.Ct. 1621, 52 L.Ed.2d 136 (1977) (summary dismissal is appropriate when the allegations are 'patently frivolous or false'") (citation omitted); see also Hendricks v. Vasquez, 908 F.2d ...