United States District Court, Eastern District of California
ALLISON CLAIRE UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Petitioner, a county prisoner proceeding pro se, has filed an application for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 together with a request to proceed in forma pauperis pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915. By order filed on September 15, 2014, petitioner was directed to provide the filing fee or an appropriate in forma pauperis affidavit. ECF No. 3. Petitioner was also ordered to show cause within thirty days why his petition should not be dismissed as unexhausted and advised that failure to do so would result in a recommendation of dismissal without prejudice. Petitioner subsequently consented to the jurisdiction of the undersigned. ECF No. 4.
Petitioner has submitted a declaration that makes the showing required by § 1915(a) and the request to proceed in forma pauperis will be granted. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a). However, petitioner has failed altogether to show cause why his petition should not be dismissed for failure to exhaust state court remedies.
Petitioner pled guilty to "possession for sales with a prior" on January 8, 2013 and received a six-year sentence on February 18, 2014. ECF No. 1. Petitioner made clear he did not appeal the conviction or sentence and has been given an opportunity to clarify whether or not he proceeded by way of a petition for writ of habeas corpus to his exhaust his claims before the California Supreme Court prior to presenting them in this federal court. Id. As noted, however, petitioner has failed to make any showing in that regard and the time for doing so has expired.
As petitioner has been previously informed, the exhaustion of state court remedies is a prerequisite to the granting of a petition for writ of habeas corpus. 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(1). If exhaustion is to be waived, it must be waived explicitly by respondent's counsel. 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(3). A waiver of exhaustion, thus, may not be implied or inferred. A petitioner satisfies the exhaustion requirement by providing the highest state court with a full and fair opportunity to consider all claims before presenting them to the federal court. Picard v. Connor, 404 U.S. 270, 276 (1971); Middleton v. Cupp. 768 F.2d 1083, 1086 (9th Cir. 1985), cert, denied. 478 U.S. 1021 (1986).
Petitioner has failed to exhaust state court remedies. The claims have not been presented to the California Supreme Court. Further, there is no allegation that state court remedies are no longer available to petitioner. Accordingly, the petition will be dismissed without prejudice.
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:
1. Petitioner's request for in forma pauperis status is granted;
2. Petitioner's application for a writ of habeas corpus is dismissed without prejudice for failure to exhaust state remedies; and
3. The Clerk of the Court is directed to serve a copy of this order with a copy of the petition filed in the instant case on the ...